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Archive for the 'Speak Polish' Category

Handy Intermediate Polish Phrases


Once you’ve mastered the beginner level of Polish, you can start learning useful intermediate Polish phrases. The benefit of learning entire phrases instead of just words is that you’ll become familiar with the natural patterns of speaking. This is important because, as an inexperienced learner, you run the risk of putting words together in a way that a native speaker never would.

But what is an intermediate level, and how can you know you’re already there? The intermediate stage is where you’re comfortable with all of the necessary “beginner” things but are not yet fluent in the language. You can speak the language enough to get around, but you often don’t have the right vocabulary or make frequent mistakes. 

There are many Polish phrases at the intermediate level that you should learn, but we recommend you start with the most handy ones. In this blog post, you’ll find out how to talk about past events, make and change plans, explain and list reasons, and much more.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Polish Table of Contents
  1. Talking About Past Events
  2. Making and Changing Plans
  3. Explaining and Listing Reasons
  4. Making Recommendations and Complaints
  5. Reacting to Everyday Situations
  6. Etiquette Phrases in Social and Business Settings
  7. Final Thoughts

1. Talking About Past Events

People Having Fun at a Party

Being able to talk about past events is important when you’re talking with your friends and colleagues. In everyday conversations, it’s common for people to ask about how someone spent their weekend, holiday, or another notable day such as a religious or national celebration.

Here are some useful Polish phrases for intermediate students that you can use to talk about past events: 

  • Świetnie się bawiliśmy. – “We had a great time.”

  • Tańczyliśmy do białego rana. – “We danced until early in the morning.”

  • To było niesamowite doświadczenie! – “It was an amazing experience!”

  • Bardzo się wtedy bałam/bałem. – “I was really scared then.”
    • The first form is feminine, and the second is masculine.

  • To był najlepszy/najgorszy dzień w moim życiu. – “It was the best/worst day of my life.”

  • Kiedyś lubiłam/lubiłem czytać powieści romantyczne. – “I used to like reading romance novels.”
    • The first form is feminine, and the second is masculine.

  • Wypoczęliśmy na urlopie. – “We relaxed during our holiday.”

  • To bardzo bolało. – “It hurt a lot.”

What else could you talk about? Well, maybe about how you spent your last vacation or holiday! In Poland, for example, the first day of spring is a pretty big deal and often creates fond memories. Remember to take every opportunity to practice Polish by telling people about your experiences and asking them about theirs. It’s by speaking in real-life circumstances that you’ll improve your language skills.  

2. Making and Changing Plans

A Person with an Organizer

In business and social contexts alike, we all need to make—and sometimes even change—plans. Being able to suggest getting a beer or coffee with someone (and understanding when others ask us the same) is an important social skill.

Here are some useful intermediate Polish phrases for such situations: 

  • Masz czas w ten weekend? – “Do you have time this weekend?”

  • Masz ochotę na pizzę/piwo? – “Fancy a pizza/beer?”

  • Czy mogę kogoś ze sobą przyprowadzić? – “Can I bring someone with me?”

  • Możemy przełożyć nasze plany? – “Could we postpone our plans?”

  • Przepraszam, ale jutro jednak nie mogę. – “I’m sorry, but I can’t make it tomorrow, after all.”

  • Umówmy się na wtorek. – “Let’s meet up on Tuesday.”

As we stated above, being able to make plans is a key social skill. That’s why we have numerous lessons on this topic. Would you like some words and expressions to complement the intermediate Polish phrases you just saw? We recommend starting with these lessons:

3. Explaining and Listing Reasons

A Man Explaining Something

At this stage in your Polish studies, it’s equally important to learn how to explain and list reasons for doing (or not doing) something. This would come in handy, for example, in situations where someone was angry with you or where you had to explain a plan of action.

Here are some relevant Polish phrases for intermediate-level students:  

  • Zrobiłam/Zrobiłam to, ponieważ…
    “I did it because…”

[The first form is feminine, and the second is masculine.]

Zrobiłam/Zrobiłam to, ponieważ tak wypada. 
“I did it because it’s what’s expected.”

Zrobiłam/Zrobiłam to, ponieważ nie miałam wyjścia. 
“I did it because I had no choice.”

  • Myślę, że tak powinnam/powinienem postąpić. To dlatego…
    “I believe this is the right thing to do. That’s why…”

[The first form is feminine, and the second is masculine.]

Myślę, że tak powinnam/powinienem postąpić. To dlatego z wami rozmawiam. 
“I believe this is the right thing to do. That’s why we’re having this conversation.”

Myślę, że tak powinnam/powinienem postąpić. To dlatego zainwestuję pieniędze.
“I believe this is the right thing to do. That’s why I’ll invest my money.”

  • Mam ku temu trzy powody. Po pierwsze… po drugie… po trzecie…
    “I do it for three reasons. First of all… Secondly… Last but not least…”

Mam ku temu trzy powody. Po pierwsze to dobra inwestycja, po drugie pomogę społeczności, po trzecie to nowe miejsce pracy.
“I do it for three reasons. First of all, it’s a good investment. Secondly, I’ll help the community. Last but not least, it’ll create job opportunities.”

Mam ku temu trzy powody. Po pierwsze to dobry uczynek, po drugie nic mnie to nie kosztuje, po trzecie to komuś pomoże. 
“I do it for three reasons. First of all, it’s a good deed. Secondly, it costs me nothing. Last but not least, it’ll help someone.”

  • To dobry pomysł, bo…
    “It’s a good idea because…”

To dobry pomysł, bo zwiększy produktywność.
“It’s a good idea because it’ll increase productivity.”

To dobry pomysł, bo tak jest szybciej. 
“It’s a good idea because it’s faster that way.”

  • To nie ma sensu, dlatego że… 
    “It makes no sense because…”

To nie ma sensu, dlatego że szef nigdy się nie zgodzi. 
“It makes no sense because there’s no way that the CEO will agree.”

To nie ma sensu, dlatego że ludzie tego nie kupią. 
“It makes no sense because people won’t buy it. ”

You should also check out our lesson on giving reasons in Polish using żeby and bo. If your motivation to learn Polish gets low at any point, remember that you can get it back with our lesson on the top five reasons to study Polish

4. Making Recommendations and Complaints

An Influencer Reviewing a Product

Other essential intermediate Polish phrases are those used for making recommendations or complaints. Here are just a few to get you started:

  • Powinieneś/Powinnaś tego spróbować! – “You should try this.”

  • To najlepsza/najlepszy/najlepsze [food], jaki jadłem/jadłam. – “It’s the best [food] I’ve ever eaten.”

    The first form of the verb jeść is feminine, and the second is masculine. The word najlepszy is in the feminine, masculine, and neuter forms, respectively.

  • To najlepsza/najlepszy/najlepsze [drink], jaki piłam/piłem. – “It’s the best [drink] I’ve ever drunk.”

    The first form of the verb pić is feminine, and the second is masculine. The word najlepszy is in the feminine, masculine, and neuter forms, respectively.

  • Bardzo nam się tam podobało. – “We really liked it there.”

  • Na pewno tam wrócimy. – “We’ll definitely come back.”

  • Zła obsługa klienta. – “Bad customer service.”

  • Niedobre jedzenie. – “Bad food.”

  • Nie polecam. – “I don’t recommend it.”

  • Odradzam wizytę. – “I discourage you from visiting.”

You should also check out our other lessons on complaining:

Complaining is important when it’s called for. However, it can be easy to overdo it! If you feel you complain too much, you may want to consider implementing some tips on how to complain less and be happier

5. Reacting to Everyday Situations

A Surprised Child

Being able to react to certain situations like a native speaker is another important skill. Here are some useful intermediate Polish phrases to help you express your amazement or disappointment: 

  • Super! / Ekstra! / Rewelacja! – “Awesome!”

  • Serio? / Naprawdę? / No co ty? – “Really?”

  • Nie żartuj! / Nie rób sobie jaj! / Bez jaj! – “You can’t be serious!”

    The first phrase is the most neutral one. The other two could be considered slightly vulgar by some people.

  • O matko! / O jezu!  – “Oh my goodness!”

    Some people could consider the second form sacrilegious, even though it’s commonly used.

  • Łał! – “Wow!”

    Are you surprised to see this one on the list? Anglicisms in Polish are quite common. These are words borrowed from English and used in Polish, sometimes modified and sometimes not.
  • To jest naprawdę super / ekstra / fajne! – “It’s really cool!”

  • Żałuję, że mnie tam nie było. – “I regret not being there.”

  • Masakra! / Koszmar! / Daj spokój! – “What a nightmare!”

It’s also important to know how to use such phrases in real life. A good idea is to just listen and try to pick up on what sort of phrases the Polish people around you use. Don’t have any Polish friends? No problem! Try watching series or movies!

Here’s a sample dialogue showing you how you might use the phrases provided above:

A: Świetnie się bawiliśmy. – “We had a great time.” 

B: Super! Żałuję, że mnie tam nie było. – “Great! I regret not being there.”

6. Etiquette Phrases in Social and Business Settings

People Shaking Hands

Politeness is extremely important across languages and cultures. In order not to offend anyone, you have to know the basic rules of wherever you are. Here are some polite Polish phrases for intermediate students: 

  • Smacznego! – “Bon appétit.”

  • Witamy! – “Welcome!”

  • Czy chciałabyś/chciałbyś coś do picia/jedzenia? – “Would you like something to drink/eat?”

    The first form of the verb chcieć is feminine, and the second is masculine.

  • Czuj się jak u siebie w domu. / Rozgość się. – “Please make yourself at home.”

  • Masz jakieś pytania? – “Do you have any questions?”

  • Czy mogę jakoś pomóc? – “Can I help you?”

  • Nie mogę się doczekać! – “I can’t wait!”

  • Spokojnej podróży! – “Have a safe trip!”

  • Udanych wakacji! – “Have a good holiday!”

Another important thing you should be able to do in Polish is refuse politely. We’re all allowed to have our preferences, but a simple “no” (nie) is as rude in Poland as anywhere else. 

Having said that, there are certain cultural differences between politeness in Polish and English. Sometimes good manners may be lost in translation, so try to consider the context before getting offended. 

7. Final Thoughts

Learning a language is a long journey, and memorizing Polish phrases at the intermediate level can definitely help you along the way. You just need to practice real-life conversations using the phrases we introduced today, and you’ll quickly notice an improvement in your speaking and listening skills.

Which of these intermediate phrases in Polish are you looking forward to using the most? Perhaps there’s one you’ve already heard? Let us know in the comments!

Unfortunately, no matter how handy or commonly used certain phrases are, they’re not enough on their own. To truly learn a language, you need to practice your speaking, reading, writing, and listening skills. You should also be patient; your understanding of Polish won’t improve overnight. The best way to improve your Polish is to use a tool designed specifically for language learning.

Fortunately, there’s PolishPod101, a platform where you can get a lot of exposure to how the Polish language is spoken. It’s full of video and audio recordings of native Polish speakers, and you’ll also find many other functionalities to help you learn the language. Explore our different subscription plans and create your free lifetime account with PolishPod101 today.

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Listen and Learn: The Best Polish-Language Podcasts in 2022


Podcasts are becoming increasingly popular as a source of both entertainment and knowledge acquisition. They can also be used as a language learning tool! Yes, you can benefit from listening to Polish-language podcasts designed specifically for students of the language as well as those made for native Polish speakers. 

A massive benefit of podcasts is that you can find a wide variety of them. They’re also rather easy to fit into your schedule, as they can be played on numerous devices and in various circumstances. 

Are you ready to learn how to improve your Polish listening skills and vocabulary with podcasts?

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Polish Table of Contents
  1. Benefits of Using Podcasts to Learn Polish
  2. The Best Podcasts for Learning Polish
  3. Using Podcasts Effectively
  4. Final Words

1. Benefits of Using Podcasts to Learn Polish 

A Boy with Headphones On

As mentioned earlier, there are many benefits of using podcasts to learn Polish. Here are the most important ones: 

  1. Exposure to the real language

Listening to podcasts in Polish will allow you to learn the language as it’s spoken by Poles. With the exception of Polish-language podcasts designed specifically for language learners and recorded at a slower pace, most of them employ natural conversation speed. Whichever type of podcast you end up listening to, the vocabulary used will be very natural—a tremendous help in the language learning process.

  1. Widespread availability

Podcasts are available on many different platforms, easy to find with a quick search on the internet, and cover a wealth of topics. This will make it easy for you to find a podcast that interests you! Keep in mind that you’ll sometimes be able to access a podcast for free but need to pay for the transcript. Don’t get discouraged, though; even mere listening can help you improve your listening comprehension skills.   

  1. “On the go” listening

You can listen to podcasts on the go, which means it’s easy to squeeze them into your routine. You can listen while driving, running, cleaning, or standing in line. Let us know in the comments if you can think of any other situations where listening to a podcast would be a great use of time. 

2. The Best Podcasts for Learning Polish

You now know some of the reasons why podcasts can enhance your learning experience. There are plenty more we haven’t mentioned, but you’ll definitely discover those for yourself. Now, let’s look at our list of the best Polish-language podcasts for learners.

1 – PolishPod101

PolishPod101 Logo

PolishPod101 is a podcast designed specifically for Polish learning. Created and hosted by professionals, our lesson materials are great for students who are just starting out. At the same time, intermediate students can benefit from our podcast as we also provide more advanced lesson pathways. We discuss a wide variety of topics, which ensures that every moment you spend listening is a pleasure. New episodes are released a few times per month.  

2 – Real Polish

This is another podcast aimed at Polish learners, and it’s designed for students who are at the intermediate level or higher. The pace is slightly slower than a natural speaking pace, but it would still be challenging for beginners. It covers a diverse range of topics so that everyone can find an interesting episode for themselves. Like with many other Polish podcasts, free listening is an option. New episodes are released almost every week, but some of them are subscription-only.  

3 – Polski Daily 

Polski Daily is a podcast started by an experienced Polish teacher. Some of the recordings are interviews, but there are many other types of recordings as well. The topics vary and can relate to pretty much anything Polish, so it’s a Polish learning podcast with a twist. The slower pace is great for intermediate students or very ambitious beginners. You can expect between one and three episodes every month.

Are you interested in Polish culture? You can learn about the top five Polish pop culture icons and find out the answers to five important questions about Poland on our website!

4 – Sensacje XX wieku

Polish Soldiers

This Polish history podcast is really a radio play about fascinating events from the twentieth century. It’s available on many platforms, but it’s easiest to access from the author’s official website. Because of the history-related vocabulary, it’s best suited for upper-intermediate and advanced students. There are no new uploads for this podcast, but the library is extensive. Remember that you can also learn your Polish history with our lessons!

5 – Kryminatorium

This is one of the most popular Polish podcasts. It deals with many historical events around the world, particularly those involving crime. With plenty of episodes about true crime, this Polish history podcast is a perfect tool for upper-intermediate and advanced students who want to work on their listening comprehension skills. There’s a new episode almost every week, so you’ll never run out of things to listen to.

6 – Strefa Psyche Uniwersytetu SWPS 


This is another well-known podcast, and it aims to popularize psychology. It covers interesting topics related to mental health and can help people deal with their life issues. We recommend this podcast for intermediate students in particular. Like many Polish podcasts on Spotify, it’s free. The number of episodes released each month differs, but you can count on new content being uploaded regularly. 

Mental health is just as important as general health. When you’re in Poland, it’s crucial that you’re able to take care of yourself when it comes to both. Here are some lessons from that should help you with this task: 

7 – Ja i moje przyjaciółki idiotki

This podcast is not only useful for language learning but also for entertainment. Its main topics are love, relationships, and dating. It’ll work well for intermediate students, and it’s available for free on Spotify. New episodes are uploaded fairly regularly, with at least one new episode every month (save for announced breaks in recording).

Love and related issues are as important to Polish people as they are to anyone. Check out our vocabulary lessons about a Polish wedding and romance and love in Poland.   

8 – Let’s Speak Polish

This is a pretty good Polish podcast for beginners or those who want to refresh their memory on key grammar points. The library is small and no longer updated, but it’ll allow you to work on your basic Polish skills. 

Alternatively, you could head straight to our Basic Bootcamp library, where you’ll find everything you need to have a basic Polish conversation. 

3. Using Podcasts Effectively

A Man Walking with His Headphones On

Passive listening will definitely improve your language skills, but there are ways to use podcasts more effectively. For the best results, you should complement your passive listening with a more focused approach. For example, you could write down new vocabulary and check the meaning of words/phrases that you don’t understand.

Another good way to use podcasts for language learning is to get used to a particular method. This is where a structured, widely available, and regularly updated podcast like PolishPod101 comes in handy! We give you access to countless recordings designed by experts to help improve your Polish skills, regardless of your current level. In addition, we have specially curated lesson pathways that include useful tools for enhanced learning: vocabulary lists, PDF lesson notes, and more. You’ll love listening to our bite-sized lessons and learning something new every day. 

In case you don’t quite catch something, you can rewind to listen again. This method is great for patient beginners. If you don’t get frustrated by listening to something over and over again, you can pause and rewind during more complicated podcasts. You can also listen without focusing too much and just catch the words you already know. This will help your listening comprehension just as much! 

Many devices allow you to adjust the audio speed for an optimal learning experience if you feel that the pace is too fast or too slow. While beginners and intermediate learners should mostly focus on understanding from the context anyway, it can definitely help to slow down the audio speed if the podcast hosts are going too fast! 

If you’re struggling to follow along, you can use transcripts. Reading the text while you listen is a great way to improve your comprehension skills. PolishPod101 allows you to access transcripts with each lesson, but not all podcasts will do this. 

4. Final Words 

Learning Polish is a long journey, and you can make it much nicer by listening to Polish podcasts in your spare time. You should look for podcasts that interest you in order to get the most out of the experience. The good news is that there are so many Polish-language podcasts out there on a huge number of topics! 

Unfortunately, no matter how interesting a given podcast is, it can’t give you everything you need to learn a language. A great way to improve your language skills is to invest in a full-access platform with well-structured lessons and resources designed for your level. 

PolishPod101 is exactly that kind of platform. With countless recordings from native speakers and a wealth of other resources (such as a word of the day and a Polish-English dictionary), we can significantly bolster your Polish learning. Curated pathways will allow you to access materials at the level you need.

Don’t hesitate. Join PolishPod101 today!

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The Most Useful Polish Phrases for Beginners


When you start learning a new language, there is so much vocabulary to memorize that it may feel overwhelming. That’s why it’s a good idea to focus on the simple and essential words and phrases first. Without a proper study plan, though, you may simply get lost. 

How do you know which phrases to learn? What are the most important Polish expressions to know before having your first conversations? 

In this blog post, you’re going to encounter the most useful Polish beginner phrases in a number of categories: 

  • Greetings and introductions
  • Courtesy phrases and social expressions
  • Dining and shopping phrases
  • Expressions needed for getting help
  • Polish love phrases

Let’s dive in.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Polish Table of Contents
  1. Greetings and Introductions
  2. Courtesy Phrases and Social Expressions
  3. Dining and Shopping Phrases
  4. Asking for Help
  5. Polish Love Phrases for Beginners
  6. Final Thoughts

1. Greetings and Introductions

Two People Bowing to Say Hello

The most important Polish phrases for beginners include greetings and expressions for introducing yourself, so we’ll start there. 


Here are some suggestions on how to say “hello” in Poland: 

  • Dzień dobry! – Good morning!
  • Dobry wieczór! – Good evening!

Both of the phrases above are used in formal contexts, such as when dealing with strangers or people who are older than you. This next one is more casual, used to say hello (or goodbye) at any time of day

  • Cześć! – Hello! / Goodbye!

Just like in English, you may also want to ask someone how they’re doing: 

  • Jak się masz? / Co słychać? – How are you? 

This is mostly used among friends, and people give more involved answers than “I’m fine, thanks” (Dobrze, dzięki). It’s rarely used in formal contexts.  


Now, here are some useful Polish beginner phrases often used in introductions and first conversations: 

  • Miło mi Cię poznać. / Miło mi Pana poznać. / Miło mi Panią poznać. – Nice to meet you. 

The forms above are informal, formal to a male speaker, and formal to a female speaker, respectively.

  • Nazywam się… – My name is…
  • Jestem [name]/[nationality]. – I’m [name]/[nationality].
    • Ex. Jestem John. Jestem Anglikiem. – I’m John. I’m English.

  • Pochodzę z Poland. – I come from Poland. 
    • Ex. Pochodzę z Anglii. – I come from England.

  • Mieszkam w… – I live in… 
  • Mam [number] lat. – I’m [number] years old. 
    • Ex. Mam 20 lat. – I’m 20 years old.

Note: The word “years” in Polish can take different forms. Consult this resource to learn how and when to use which form. It’s pretty straightforward once you get the hang of it.

  • Jestem mężatką/żonaty. – I’m married. 

Traditionally, the first form is used by female speakers; it literally means “I’m husbanded.” The second form is used by male speakers, and it means “I’m wifed.”

  • Mam [X] dzieci. – I have [X] children. 
    • Ex. Mam dwoje dzieci. – I have two children.
  • Jestem niezamężna. / Jestem kawalerem. – I’m unmarried. 

Traditionally, the first form is used by female speakers; it literally means “I’m unhusbanded.” The second form is used by male speakers, and it means “I’m a bachelor.”

  • Nie mam dzieci. – I don’t have kids. 
  • Mam rodzeństwo. – I have siblings.
  • Nie mam rodzeństwa. – I have no siblings. 
  • Mam brata. – I have a brother.
  • Mam siostrę. – I have a sister.

To learn more must-know terms for family members, visit our lesson on the topic. 

2. Courtesy Phrases and Social Expressions

A Man Acknowledging Someone by Taking His Hat Off]

Politeness is an important skill for dealing with other people, no matter where you live. There may be some cultural differences, but people generally agree when it comes to what’s polite and what isn’t. Here are some important Polish phrases for beginners that will help you come across as a well-mannered person: 

  • Dziękuję. – Thank you. 
  • Dzięki. – Thanks. 
  • Nie ma za co. – You’re welcome. – Literally: “There’s not for what.”
  • Przepraszam. – I’m sorry. / Excuse me. 
  • Nie ma problemu. – No problem! – Literally: “There’s no problem!”
  • Przykro mi. – I’m sorry. 

You might use that last expression if something bad happened to someone. If you’re the wrongdoer, you would more likely say przepraszam.

  • Nie przejmuj się. – Don’t worry. [informal]
  • Proszę się tym nie przejmować. – Please, don’t worry. [formal]
  • Do zobaczenia! – See you! 
  • Powodzenia! – Good luck! 
  • Dobranoc! – Goodnight! 
  • Trzymaj się! – Take care! – Literally: “Hold on!”  

Speaking of politeness, do you know how to refuse politely in Polish? Check out our lesson to learn more about it.

3. Dining and Shopping Phrases

A Shopping Cart

Another important group of Polish beginner phrases consists of those used for dining and shopping. 

Let’s start with shopping expressions:

  • Przepraszam, czy mogę poprosić o… – Excuse me, can I get/ask for…
  • Przepraszam, czy sprzedajecie Państwo…? – Excuse me, do you sell…? 
  • Przepraszam, ile to kosztuje? – Excuse me, how much is this?
  • Przepraszam, czy może Pan/Pani powtórzyć? – Could you repeat, please?
  • Czy można płacić kartą? – Is a credit card okay?
  • Czy można płacić gotówką? – Is cash okay?
  • Poproszę [amount] ziemniaków. – I’ll have [amount] of potatoes, please.
    • Ex. Poproszę pięć kilo ziemniaków. – I’ll have five k.g. of potatoes, please.

If you like shopping, you may want to visit these lessons: 

Shopping for an Outfit in Poland
Shopping Online in Poland
Shopping for a Computer in Poland

A list of basic Polish phrases for beginners couldn’t be complete without expressions for ordering a meal in a restaurant. Here goes: 

  • Co Pan/Pani poleca? – What do you recommend? 
    • Said to a male and female waiter, respectively
  • Mam alergię na pomidory. – I’m allergic to tomatoes. 
  • Poproszę piwo w butelce. – A bottle of beer, please. 
  • Poproszę czerwone/białe wino. – Red/white wine, please. 
  • Nie, dziękuję. – No, thank you.
  • Tak, poproszę. – Yes, please. 
  • Poproszę rachunek. – Could I have the bill, please?

If you feel like you need more vocabulary for ordering lunch at a restaurant in Poland, make sure to visit our lesson. Knowing how to order is one thing…but knowing what to order is another. Here are 10 of the best Polish foods for you to try during your next visit to Poland.  

4. Asking for Help

A Public Servant Helping Someone

Life is unpredictable, and you may sometimes find yourself in trouble. These basic Polish phrases for beginners could come in handy if you ever need to ask for help.  

  • Przepraszam, gdzie jest [place]? – Excuse me, where is [place]? 
    • Ex. Przepraszam, gdzie jest toaleta? – Excuse me, where is the bathroom?

  • Przepraszam, jak dojść do [place]? – Excuse me, how do I get to [place]? 
    • Ex. Przepraszam, jak dojść do muzeum? – Excuse me, how do I get to the museum?
  • Przepraszam, czy mówi Pani/Pan po angielsku? – Excuse me, do you speak English? 
    • Used in a formal context when speaking to a male and female, respectively

  • Jak powiedzieć [word] po polsku? – How do you say [word] in Polish? 
    • Ex. Jak powiedzieć “cow” po polsku? – How do you say “cow” in Polish?

  • Przepraszam, ale nie rozumiem. – I’m sorry, but I don’t understand. 
  • Czy może Pan/Pani mówić wolniej? – Could you speak slower, please? 
    • Used in a formal context when speaking to a male and female, respectively

  • Co znaczy słowo [word]? – What does the word [word] mean? 
    • Ex. Co znaczy słowo “dom”? – What does the word “dom” mean?

If there’s no one around to help you understand a word, you can always use an online Polish-English dictionary. Having the website bookmarked on your phone or computer will allow you easy access whenever you need it.

  • Potrzebuję pomocy. – I need help. 
  • Potrzebuję lekarza. – I need a doctor. 
  • Pomocy! – Help!

These Polish beginner phrases are useful for getting help in many different situations. In case of an emergency, you may need to know the phone numbers of certain services (police, fire brigade, ambulance). You can find them here.

For less serious circumstances, such as simply needing help with language learning, we have a special lesson for getting help from the teacher in Poland.

5. Polish Love Phrases for Beginners

Book Pages in the Form of a Heart

Many people start learning Polish because they’ve fallen in love with a Polish person. Here are some Polish love phrases for beginners that you may want to whisper into someone’s ear: 

  • Kocham Cię! – I love you!
  • Tak bardzo Cię kocham! – I love you so much!
  • Poza Tobą świata nie widzę! – You mean the world to me! – Literally: “I don’t see the world apart from you.”

6. Final Thoughts

Learning Polish beginner phrases is a great way to start studying Polish. Being able to greet people, introduce yourself, show politeness, go out shopping or to dinner, and ask for help when required will cover the communication basics as you’re starting out. Memorizing these phrases will also help you gain some confidence in your ability to use the language.

If your plan is to speak Polish at an advanced or native level, this won’t be enough. You’ll need to learn much more vocabulary at different proficiency levels, including intermediate and advanced phrases. You should also practice your listening comprehension in order to more clearly understand what others are saying.

One way to hear a lot of Polish is to listen to the countless recordings we offer on We provide lessons and study materials for learners at every level, which means you’ll have a comprehensive learning process from start to finish. In addition, our personalized pathways will allow you to get resources designed for your current level of Polish. 

Are you curious how it works? Don’t hesitate. Create your free lifetime account today!

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Advanced Polish Words for Experienced Learners


On your way to Polish language mastery, you’ll need to memorize and learn how to use advanced Polish words. This stage usually occurs a few years into your Polish-language studies, once you’re able to understand fairly complex conversations and talk about a variety of topics.

What you’re missing at this point are more advanced words and phrases that allow you to speak freely about topics such as studies, university matters, politics, or medicine. In this blog post, you’ll find an advanced Polish word list along with certain phrases and examples of use.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Polish Table of Contents
  1. Advanced Academic Words
  2. Advanced College Vocabulary
  3. Advanced Business Words
  4. Advanced Medical Words
  5. Advanced Legal Words
  6. Advanced Political Vocabulary
  7. Final Thoughts

1. Advanced Academic Words

An Academic

The first set of advanced Polish words we’ll look at consists of terms related to academia. Learning these words will help you engage in more complicated conversations, discuss a greater variety of topics, and excel while studying at a Polish university. Here are the most important words and expressions in this category: 

Word or expressionPart of speechExample Translation
wysławiać się 
to articulate / to express oneself 
verbOn pięknie się wysławia. He has a way with words.
assumption / objective
nounZałożeniem tego eseju jest omówienie tej problematyki.The objective of this essay is to discuss this problem.
adjectiveStały wzrost gospodarczy dobrze wróży.Constant economic growth is a good sign.
to debate 
verbNie mam ochoty o tym dyskutować. I don’t feel like debating it.
to collect / to gather
verbZbieramy dane na temat tego miasta. We’re collecting data about the city.
to lead to 
verbTo prowadzi do deficytu. It leads to a deficit.
suitable / adequate
adjectiveSzukamy odpowiedniego kandydata.We’re looking for a suitable candidate.
adjectiveJego raport jest szczegółowy.His report is detailed.
adjectiveOna jest bardzo rozsądna. She’s very reasonable.
adjectiveMożna zauważyć subtelną tendencje spadkową. One can notice a subtle downward trend.
adjectiveTen scenariusz jest prawdopodobny.Such a development is likely.
adjectiveTe wyniki są zupełnie nieprawdopodobne. These results are completely improbable.
adverbNie bierz tego dosłownie. You shouldn’t take it literally.
mimo że 
even though 
conjunctionMimo że się z nim nie zgadzam, nie powiem mu tego.Even though I disagree with him, I won’t tell him that.
w tym przypadku 
in this case 
conjunctionW tym przypadku to dobre rozwiązanie. In this case, it’s a good solution.
chyba że 
conjunctionPowiedz jej, chyba że się boisz. Tell her, unless you’re scared.
niemniej jednak 
conjunctionNiemniej jednak, to ważny argument.Nonetheless, it’s an important point.
co więcej 
what’s more
conjunctionOn jest wykształcony. Co więcej, ma doświadczenie.He’s educated. What’s more, he’s experienced.
conjunctionPracuję jako zastępca nauczyciela angielskiego.He works as a replacement for the English teacher.
mimo / pomimo 
conjunctionWypił herbatę mimo bólu gardła. He drank his tea despite his sore throat.
jeśli chodzi o 
as for 
conjunctionJeśli chodzi o moje referencje, to może Pan zadzwonić do mojego szefa.As for my references, you can contact my boss.
podczas gdy 
conjunctionPodczas gdy ty odpoczywasz, ja pracuję. While you’re resting, I’m working.
spierać się
to argue 
verbNie będę się z Tobą spierać. I won’t argue with you.
to conclude 
verbZ twojej odpowiedzi wnioskuję, że nie masz czasu. I conclude from your answer that you have no time.
nounNie ma dowodu na to, że Twoja teoria jest poprawna. There’s no evidence that your theory is true.

These advanced Polish vocabulary words will also help you when giving a speech or watching the news. Speaking of news, do you know how to react when getting some good news in Poland?  

2. Advanced College Vocabulary

A University Lecture

As an advanced student of Polish, you may want to study in Poland. If that’s so, you should check our lesson on looking for an apartment in Poland; finding accommodation is so much easier when you know the right words. College- and university-related vocabulary is also very useful when talking about your education. 

Here are the most important advanced Polish words and phrases related to this topic: 

Word or expressionPart of speechExample Translation
nounIdę na wykład.  I’m going to attend a lecture.
wykładowca (m.) / wykładowczyni (f.)

nounMój wykładowca / Moja wykładowczyni od literatury angielskiej jest super. My English literature lecturer is really cool.
sala wykładowa 
nounW sali wykładowej nie było już miejsc. There were no seats left in the auditorium.
praca licencjacka / praca magisterska 
BA thesis / MA thesis 
Niedługo skończę pisać moją pracę magisterską. I’ll finish writing my MA thesis soon.

Note: Polish universities usually have a mixture of classes in small groups and lectures.
nounChyba spóźnię się na zajęcia. 
I think I’ll be late for class.
lista obecności
attendance list 
nounWykładowca nie sprawdził listy obecności.  The lecturer didn’t check the attendance list.
nounMam dobre oceny.I have good grades. 
nounMoja średnia jest niska.My GPA is low.
Potrzebne mi stypendium, aby przeżyć. I need the scholarship to make ends meet.
studia dzienne 
full-time studies 
nounDostałam się na studia dzienne! I’ve gotten in as a full-time student!
studia wieczorowe / studia zaoczne 
part-time studies 
nounStudia wieczorowe łatwiej pogodzić z pracą. It’s easier to work and study during part-time studies.
skończyć studia 
to graduate 
verb + nounNiedługo skończę studia. I will graduate soon.
nounAbsolwentom nie łatwo znaleźć pracę. It’s not easy for graduates to find work.
nounMusisz znaleźć staż. You have to find an internship.
wymiana studencka 
student exchange / exchange program 
nounErasmus to świetna wymiana studencka. Erasmus is a great exchange program.
to study

Note: This verb is only used in reference to studying at a university/in college. 
verbOn studiuje na Uniwersytecie Warszawskim.He’s a student at the University of Warsaw.
przygotowywać się do 
to study for an exam 
verbOn przygotowuje się do egzaminu. He’s preparing for an exam.
to pass 
verbZdaliśmy egzamin!We’ve passed the exam.
to fail 
verbNiestety oblałem ten egzamin.Unfortunately, I’ve failed this exam.
oblać kogoś 
to fail someone on an exam 
verbProszę mnie nie oblewać! Please don’t fail me! 
podejść do egzaminu 
to take an exam 
verbPodeszliśmy do egzaminu dwa razy. We’ve taken this exam twice.
nounPoprawka odbędzie się we wrześniu.The retake will take place in September.
zjazd absolwentów 
graduate reunion 
nounNie mam zamiaru iść na zjazd absolwentów. I have no intention of participating in the graduate reunion. 

This advanced Polish word list for college and university will allow you to have interesting conversations with people. It can also come in handy when talking about your university experience during a Polish job interview

3. Advanced Business Words

People Shaking Hands

Now that you’re an advanced Polish student, you may also be thinking about finding a job in Poland. Performing your job there or dealing with Polish clients will be much easier if you know some advanced-level Polish words for the workplace.

Word or expressionPart of speechExample Translation
nounPracuję w dziale personalnym.  I work in the HR department.
nounSiedziba tej firmy jest w Warszawie. This company is headquartered in Warsaw.
nounJeśli nie zacznie pracować, czeka go zwolnienie. If he doesn’t start working, he can expect a dismissal.
to fire / to dismiss 
verbOni go nigdy nie zwolnią. They’ll never fire him.
zwolnić się / złożyć wypowiedzenie 
to resign 
verbZwolnię się / Złożę wypowiedzenie, jeśli nic się nie zmieni. I’ll resign if nothing changes.
turnover / revenue 
nounDochody mojej firmy są wysokie. My company has a high revenue.
fee / salary 
nounMoim zdaniem to wygórowane wynagrodzenie. In my opinion, the fee is too high.
ubezpieczenie (zdrowotne) 
health insurance 
nounWynagrodzenie jest dobre, ale firma nie oferuje ubezpieczenia.The salary is good, but the company doesn’t offer health insurance.
nounLiczę na jakieś benefity w tej firmie. I’m hoping for some perks in this company.
oferta pracy 
job offer 
nounTo atrakcyjna oferta pracy. It’s an attractive job offer.
pracy job market 
nounRynek pracy jest słaby.The job market is weak.
złożyć podanie (o pracę) 
to apply (for a job) 
verbZłożył do nas podanie o pracę. He’s applied for a job with us.
to hire 
verbZatrudnimy tylko odpowiedniego kandydata. We’ll only hire the right candidate. 
umowa o pracę 
work contract 
nounJutro kończy mi się umowa o pracę.My work contract finishes tomorrow.
umowa o dzieło 
work contract for contractors 
nounNie jestem freelancerem, ale mam umowę o dzieło. I’m not a freelancer, but I have a work contract for contractors.
praca na cały etat 
full-time job 
nounMamy pracę na cały etat. We have a full-time job. 
praca na pół etatu 
part-time job 
nounPracuję na pół etatu i studiuję. I have a part-time job, and I study.
podróż służbowa 
business trip 
nounOna jest ciągle w podróży służbowej.She’s always traveling for work.
urlop macierzyński / urlop tacierzyński
maternity leave / paternity leave 
nounW Polsce urlop macierzyński trwa rok, a tacierzyński dwa tygodnie.In Poland, maternity leave is a year long and paternity leave is two weeks long.
urlop (wypoczynkowy) 
nounIdę na urlop.I’m going on leave.
sick leave
nounJestem na chorobowym. I’m on sick leave.
zwolnienie lekarskie 
doctor’s note 
nounPrzy dwóch dniach nieobecności potrzebne ci zwolnienie lekarskie. When you’re absent for two days, you need a doctor’s note.
nounUwielbiam tę markę!I love this brand! 
znak towarowy
nounZnak towarowy jest zastrzeżony. It’s a registered trademark.

In addition to these more advanced Polish words and phrases, make sure that you have the basic vocabulary for jobs / work covered too!

4. Advanced Medical Words

People in a Pharmacy

Being able to talk about diseases and medical conditions is an important skill for advanced students to possess. Such topics come up in everyday conversations and when reading the news. Here’s a list of advanced Polish vocabulary words related to medicine: 

Word or expressionPart of speechExample Translation
stany lękowe 
anxiety disorder 
nounCierpię na stany lękowe.I have an anxiety disorder.
nounOn ma depresje. He suffers from depression.
zaburzenia dwubiegunowe 
bipolar disorder 
nounZaburzenia dwubiegunowe to choroba, która dotyka wiele osób.Bipolar disorder is a mental illness many people suffer from.
nounOn bierze antydepresanty.He’s on antidepressants.
pomoc psychologiczna
psychological help 
nounW Polsce coraz łatwiej o pomoc psychologiczną.It’s easier and easier to get psychological help in Poland.
lekarz pierwszego kontaktu 
nounSkontaktowałam się z moim lekarzem pierwszego kontaktu.I’ve contacted my GP.
nounMój syn chce zostać dermatologiem.My son wants to be a dermatologist.
nounOkulista bada wzrok.An optometrist checks your eyesight.
nounKardiolog leczy choroby serca. A cardiologist treats heart conditions.
nounLaryngolog pomoże z problemami z uszami, nosem i gardłem.An ENT can help you with ear, nose, and throat issues.
nounDietetyk może zaplanować twoją dietę.A dietician can plan your diet.
a doctor’s appointment 
nounUmówiłam Cię na wizytę u dentysty na jutro.I’ve booked you a dentist appointment for tomorrow.
to examine 
verbDoktor bada pacjentów. A doctor examines patients.
znieczulić / dać znieczulenie 
to give an anesthetic
verbNie dam Panu znieczulenia!
I won’t give you an anesthetic!
to diagnose 
verbZdiagnozowano u niego raka.He has been diagnosed with cancer.
to treat 
verbOn wie, jak leczyć dzieci. He knows how to treat children. 
to operate 
verbOn nigdy nic nie mówi, gdy operuje.He never says anything when he’s operating.
nounChemioterapia to leczenie inwazyjne.Chemotherapy is an invasive treatment.
stół operacyjny 
operating table 
nounStół operacyjny musi być czysty.The operating table needs to be clean.
nounSkalpel musi być sterylny.The scalpel needs to be sterile.
nounSiostro, proszę podać pacjentowi tlen. Nurse, please give the patient oxygen.
nounJej ojciec jest w śpiączce od 10 lat.  Her father has been in a coma for ten years.
zemdleć / stracić przytomność 
to faint 
verbNie stracił przytomności.He didn’t faint.
odzyskać przytomność
to regain consciousness 
verbPacjent wciąż nie odzyskał przytomności.The patient still has not regained consciousness.

Do you need to see a Polish doctor? Being able to call the Polish doctor’s office is one of the most important skills you should acquire as you approach an advanced level in Polish.

5. Advanced Legal Words

A Person Swearing on the Bible

Being able to talk and understand what’s being said about the justice system is a very handy skill. Learn these advanced Polish words and phrases to start off on the right foot: 

Word or expressionPart of speechExample Translation
nounTo sędzia Sądu Najwyższego.He’s a judge of the High Court. 
nounJego adwokat ma rację. His barrister is right.
nounProkurator nie ma dowodów. The prosecutor has no evidence.
zaświadczenie o niekaralności 
police clearance 
nounPotrzebne mi zaświadczenie o niekaralności.I need police clearance.
nounMożemy złożyć apelację. We can lodge an appeal.
adjective Proces sądowy może być skomplikowany.The judicial procedure may be complicated.
to sue 
verbPozwał ich do sądu.He sued them. 
sprawa (sądowa) 
(court) case 
nounTen adwokat nie chce wziąć mojej sprawy.This lawyer doesn’t want to take my case.
nounTo świadek zbrodni.He is a witness to a crime.
to testify 
verbChciałaby zeznawać, ale się boi.She’d like to testify, but she’s scared.
to sentence 
verbSkazano go na trzy lata w więzieniu. He was sentenced to three years in prison.
nounKaucja nie jest wysoka.The bail was not set high.
to acquit 
verbNa szczęście został uniewinniony.Luckily, he was acquitted.
life sentence 
nounDożywocie to najsurowsza kara w Polsce.A life sentence is the harshest punishment in Poland.
kara śmierci 
death penalty 
nounKara śmierci jest wykonywana w niektórych stanach w USA.The death penalty is still a thing in some states in the U.S.
kara grzywny / grzywna
penalty / fine
nounUkarano ich tylko grzywna. They only got a fine.
w zawieszeniu 
suspended sentence 
nounKara jest w zawieszeniu. The sentence is suspended.
nounBez nakazu nie wolno nam go aresztować.We can’t arrest him without a warrant.
nounPotrzebny nam podpis notariusza.We need a notary’s signature.
nounDzieciom należy się spadek.Children should get the inheritance.
nounPorwania to duży problem w tym kraju.Kidnappings are a big problem in this country.
nounDużo morderstw popełnianych jest pod wpływem alkoholu.Many murders are committed under the influence of alcohol.
nounOskarżono go o kradzież. He was accused of theft.
nounSzantaż to przestępstwo.Blackmail is a crime.
nounWłamanie zostało zgłoszone.The burglary was reported.

We hope this advanced Polish word list will be helpful in your understanding of issues related to justice. Don’t forget to check out our lesson on calling for help to learn the vocabulary you might need in a dangerous situation. 

6. Advanced Political Vocabulary

The Democratic Party Logo

As an advanced student, you should be able to talk about politics. Advanced Polish vocabulary words like those below are crucial in everyday conversations, and they can also help you understand newspapers and magazines. Take a look: 

Word or expressionPart of speechExample Translation
the Polish Chamber of Deputies 
nounJutro wybory do Sejmu.Tomorrow, there’s the Chamber of Deputies’ election.
nounSenat to wyższa izba.The Senate is the higher chamber.
MP / deputy 
nounChciałabym zostać posłem.I’d like to become an MP.
nounIle trwa kadencja senatora?How long is a senator’s term?
to vote 
verbTrzeba głosować.One has to vote.
nounIdziemy na wybory!We’re going to vote!
nounPrezydent Polski to Andrzej Duda. Andrzej Duda is the President of Poland.
to rule 
verbPrezydent rządzi krajem. The president rules the country.
podać się do dymisji 
to resign (about a politician) 
verbPrezydent podał się do dymisji.The president resigned from office. 
prime minister 
nounPremier dziś wygłosi przemówienie.The prime minister will speak tonight.
nounKto jest teraz ministrem sprawiedliwości? Who’s the Minister of Justice now?
nounTo ministerstwo jest niedofinansowane.This ministry is underfinanced.
nounNowa ustawa wejdzie w życie jutro.The new law will come into force tomorrow.
to veto 
verbPrezydent zawetował ustawę.The president has vetoed the law.
to pass a law 
verbPrzegłosowano tę ustawę.The law has been passed.
nanieść poprawki 
to amend 
verbDo tej ustawy rząd naniesie jeszcze poprawki.The government will still make some amendments to the law.
nounCzekają nas zmiany w przepisach.We’re awaiting changes to the rules. 
nounMówi się o korupcji w rządzie.The corruption in the government is being discussed.
nounTen urzędnik dostał łapówkę. This public official has been bribed.
przyjąć łapówkę 
to accept a bribe
verbCzy przyjąłbyś łapówkę? Would you accept a bribe?
to protest 
verbOni protestują przeciwko rządowi.They’re protesting against the government.
partia polityczna 
political party 
nounNie głosowałem nigdy na tę partię. I’ve never voted for this party.
left wing 
nounTo jest partia lewicy.It’s a left-wing party.
right wing 
nounPrawica ma większość w rządzie. The right wing constitutes the majority of the government.
nounOpozycja nie zgadza się z twoim zdaniem. The opposition disagrees with your opinion.

7. Final Thoughts 

Mastering a language means learning a lot of vocabulary. In this blog post, we’ve covered the essential advanced Polish words in various categories, including medicine, politics, and law. Learn these words and expressions, and you’ll see how much easier complex conversations will become. 

Did you know any of these words already? Which ones? We look forward to hearing from you! 

It would be impossible to provide all of the important advanced Polish words in one post. To learn much more vocabulary that you’ll need to get around, you should join PolishPod101. We have countless advanced Polish lessons for students like you. Our personalized pathways will give you access to materials that are appropriate for your level. Create your free lifetime account with us today!

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Must-Know Polish Animal Names for Polish Learners


Vocabulary related to animals is among the most important items for beginners to study. Especially if you’re an animal lover, learning about specific animals living in Poland and memorizing the Polish names of animals from your own country can be a fun way to broaden your language skills. 

Polish animals don’t differ much from those you would find in other European countries. Are you curious what they are? Keep reading and learn tons of useful words for talking about animals in the Polish language.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Polish Table of Contents
  1. Pets
  2. Farm Animals
  3. Various Land Animals
  4. Marine / Aquatic Animals
  5. Bugs and Insects
  6. Birds, Reptiles & Amphibians
  7. Animal Body Parts
  8. Animal-Related Expressions
  9. Final Thoughts

1. Pets

Can you guess what the most common pets in Poland are? Yep. Cats and dogs—no surprise there! 

Here are some related terms:

  • “cat” – kot
  • “kitten” – kotek 
  • “dog” – pies  
  • “doggy” – piesek 
  • “puppy” – szczeniak
a Puppy

While cats and dogs are the most popular pets in the country, Poles also keep a variety of other furry critters: 

  • “mouse” – mysz
  • “hamster” – chomik
  • “rabbit” – królik

These animals are particularly popular among people who don’t want a big responsibility. They’re also pets that parents of young children decide to have. This is because a small child may not be ready for a big commitment or the duties related to owning a dog or cat. 

Some Polish people enjoy more exotic pets. Some of these animals can easily be found in a pet store, while others require more effort to buy. These more exotic animals can sometimes be dangerous, so it’s important that the owner is careful about how and where they keep them. Examples of exotic animals you might find in Polish homes include: 

  • “parrot” – papuga
  • “lizard” – jaszczurka
  • “snake” – wąż
  • “chameleon” – kameleon
  • “spider” – pająk
  • “tarantula” – tarantula
  • “fish” – rybki

Let’s not forget about other important terms and expressions related to keeping pets: 

  • “dog food” – karma dla psa
  • “cat food” – karma dla kota
  • “bird food” – karma dla ptaków
  • “cage” – klatka 
  • “terrarium” – terrarium 
  • “aquarium” – akwarium 
  • “bowl” – miska 
  • “lead” / “leash” – smycz 
  • “muzzle” – kaganiec 
  • “cat litter” – kuweta

If you plan on owning a pet in Poland, knowing the right vocabulary is essential. Do you already have animals and are thinking about transporting them to Poland? It’s understandable that you don’t want to leave your pet behind, but remember that there are several rules you’ll need to follow along the way! Whether you’re moving to Poland for work, love, or some other reason, make sure to plan your relocation in advance; some processes may take longer than expected. 

Would you like to know what you can find inside a Polish home, apart from animals? Click on the link to find out. Don’t forget to also have a look at our lesson How Many Pets Do You Have in Poland? to remember the vocabulary better and to learn about the accusative case in Polish. 

2. Farm Animals

Apart from animals living at home, there are also domesticated animals that live on farms. Parts of Poland are very urbanized, but there are still many spaces set aside for agriculture. 

The most popular type of farm animals in Poland are cattle (bydło):

  • “cow” – krowa 
  • “bull” – byk 
  • “pig” – świnia
  • “sheep” – owca
  • “goat” – koza
  • “horse” – koń

A Horse

Another group of animals living on the farm is poultry (drób). Many Poles associate being in the countryside with the sound of a rooster calling out bright and early in the morning. 

  • “chicken” – kurczak 
  • “hen” – kura 
  • “rooster” – kogut 
  • “duck” – kaczka 
  • “goose” – gęś

Speaking of poultry, would you like to learn some Polish cooking vocabulary?

3. Various Land Animals

Many people think that there are no wild animals in Poland, but Polish mountains and forests are home to many of them. Some of these animals can even be dangerous! For instance, experts warn about wild boars, which can cause a threat to humans if not treated with respect. 

Here are the names of some of these wild animals in Polish: 

  • “fox” – lis 
  • “deer” – jeleń 
  • “boar” – dzik 
  • “hare” – zając 
  • “wolf” – wilk 
  • “bear” – niedźwiedź 
  • “owl” – sowa 
  • “viper” – żmija 
  • “lynx” – ryś 

You can learn the names of a couple of other wild animals in Poland by exploring our lesson What Kind of Polish Animal is That? 

There are many animals that you can only encounter in zoos, which you can find in a number of large Polish cities. Here, people can appreciate species that don’t naturally live in the country. These animals include: 

  • “lion” – lew 
  • “tiger” – tygrys 
  • “camel” – wielbłąd 
  • “hyena” – hiena 
  • “elephant” – słoń 
  • “crocodile” – krokodyl
  • “giraffe” – żyrafa
  • “monkey” – małpa
  • “hippopotamus” – hipopotam


Do you often go to the zoo? Next time you go, try to name all the creatures you see by their Polish names. 

4. Marine / Aquatic Animals

Poland does not have access to an ocean, but it does have a sea. Here are the names of common animals you might find in the Baltic Sea and around Polish lakes:

  • “carp” – karp
  • “seal” – foka
  • “swan” – łabędź
  • “crab” – rak
  • “beaver” – bóbr
  • “stork” – bocian

    Do you know where children come from? White storks bring them, of course! That’s the story Polish parents often tell their offspring. Another version is that babies can be found in cabbage. You can learn more about the white stork (including the strange sound it makes) on our website!

  • “seagull” – mewa

A Seagull

While there are relatively few aquatic animals in Poland, you should still learn the names of these animals in the Polish language: 

  • “shark” – rekin
  • “whale” – wieloryb
  • “dolphin” – delfin
  • “octopus” – ośmiornica
  • “stingray” – płaszczka

You can learn even more words for marine animals in our entertaining lesson, which encourages you to learn with pictures! 

5. Bugs and Insects

There are many bugs and insects in Poland. Like people elsewhere in the world, Poles often complain about them, though many bugs are actually an important part of the ecosystem. Here are the Polish names for some of them:

  • “ant” – mrówka
  • “fly” – mucha
  • “ladybug” – biedronka
  • “spider” – pająk
  • “grasshopper” – konik polny
  • “bug” – robak
  • “beetle” – żuk
  • “worm” – dżdżownica
  • “caterpillar” – gąsienica
  • “butterfly” – motyl


If you’re particularly interested in bugs, visit the website Insects of Poland to learn more! 

6. Birds, Reptiles & Amphibians

There’s a number of birds that fly in the Polish skies. Here are the most common ones: 

  • “bird” – ptak
  • “dove” – gołąb
  • “woodpecker” – dzięcioł
  • “eagle” – orzeł
  • “crow” – kruk
  • “hawk” – jastrząb

You can learn even more vocabulary for birds in our lesson Birds of a Feather Flock Together.

Our next two groups of animals in the Polish language are reptiles (gady) and amphibians (płazy).

  • “frog” – żaba
  • “toad” – ropucha
  • “turtle” / “tortoise” – żółw
  • “alligator” – aligator


7. Animal Body Parts

Now that you’ve learned a long list of animals in Polish, you might want to learn the names of animal body parts. Knowing these terms will allow you to better describe the animals you encounter! 

  • “wing” – skrzydło
  • “beak” – dziób
  • “tail” – ogon
  • “paw” – łapa
  • “horns” – rogi
  • “feather” – pióro
  • “fur” – sierść
  • “claws” – pazury / szpony

It’s great that you can now speak about animal body parts! However, do you know what to call all the body parts that we humans have? 

8. Animal-Related Expressions

Polish has many expressions related to animals. This is a common trait of many languages, but the exact attributes given to animals often differ from country to country. Have a look at some of the most common idioms and sayings: 

  • zły jak osa – “as angry as a wasp”
  • uparty jak osioł – “as stubborn as a donkey”
  • mądry jak sowa – “as smart as an owl”
  • zdrowy jak ryba – Literally: “as healthy as a fish” / Meaning: “fit as a fiddle”
  • żyć jak pies z kotem – Literally: “to live together like cats and dogs” / Meaning: “to not get along”
  • mieć węża w kieszeni – Literally: “to have a snake in your pocket” / Meaning: “to be stingy”
  • jak ryba w wodzie – Literally: “like fish in water” / Meaning: “to be comfortable somewhere”

Fish and Other Marine Animals in the Water

If you’d like to learn more idioms related to animals, remember to click on the link and visit our lesson on the topic. 

9. Final Thoughts

Learning how to talk about pets and other animals is an important aspect of studying Polish. Today you’ve learned which animals live in Poland, what animals people keep at home, as well as the Polish animal names for creatures that live elsewhere. What’s your favorite animal, and what is it called in Polish? Let us know in the comments! 

Learning vocabulary is an important element of mastering the language. Unfortunately, you’ll need more than that to understand and communicate with Polish people. 

If you really want to be able to claim that you speak the language, you should use a tool that gives you more than just vocabulary. PolishPod101 is a great platform that offers you more structure than most other Polish learning programs. You’ll get access to countless recordings from native speakers as well as a personalized learning path.

There’s no better time to start improving your Polish than today. Create your free lifetime account and start learning with us!

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Hello? – Learn Polish Phone Call Phrases.


Knowing Polish means being able to use it in many different situations. This includes talking on the phone with someone, whether for business or social purposes. But speaking on the phone in your own language can be frightening enough, let alone doing so in a foreign language!

In this blog post, you’ll learn the most useful Polish phone call phrases for both formal and informal contexts. Knowing these phrases and expressions by heart will allow you to navigate just about any phone conversation with ease.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Polish Table of Contents
  1. Picking up the Phone
  2. Introducing Yourself on the Phone
  3. Stating the Reason for Your Call
  4. Asking to Speak to Someone
  5. Asking Someone to Wait
  6. Asking for Clarification
  7. Leaving a Message
  8. Time to Say Goodbye
  9. Sample Phone Conversations
  10. Final Thoughts

1. Picking up the Phone

A Person Speaking on the Phone

The first set of Polish telephone phrases you should learn are those used when picking up the phone. Keep in mind that Polish differentiates between formal and informal language, and this extends to phone conversations.

Let’s start by looking at some things you can say when you’re the one making the call and someone picks up: 

  • “Hello?” – Słucham? 
  • “Good day!” – Dzień dobry! 
  • “Good evening.” – Dobry wieczór. 

When starting an informal conversation, you can simply say:

  • “Hi!” – Cześć! / Siema!

When you’re on the receiving end, you can say:

  • “Hello?” – Tak, słucham? / Halo? 
  • “[Name] speaking.” – [Name], słucham.

Another way to answer the phone in Polish is with the very informal “Yes?” – Tak?

What are some other ways of greeting people in Polish when not on the phone? See our lesson “Saying Hello No Matter the Time of Day” to find out! 

2. Introducing Yourself on the Phone

After someone picks up the phone, you’re expected to introduce yourself. Being able to give a self-introduction is crucial in many contexts, not just on the phone. Here’s a lesson where you can learn more about self-introductions and another on introducing yourself in a business meeting

Here are two common Polish telephone phrases for introductions: 

  • “[Name] speaking.” – Z tej strony [name]… 
  • “Is this [name]?” – Czy rozmawiam z [name – instrumental case]? 

Informally, we can be more relaxed and say: 

  • “It’s me, [given name].” – To ja [given name].
  • “[Given name] speaking.” –  Mówi [given name]. 

When you’re the receiver of the call, you can use one of these formal phrases: 

  • “How can I help you?” – W czym mogę pomóc? / W czym mogę służyć?

Informally, you can stick to: 

  • “(Sorry,) who am I speaking to?” – (Przepraszam,) z kim rozmawiam?

As you can see, people speak with a higher degree of politeness when the context is formal. In Polish, this is expressed through verb forms as well as word choice.  

3. Stating the Reason for Your Call

A Person on the Phone while Riding on Public Transportation

Now, it’s time to tell the receiver why you’re calling them in the first place. This is an important element of phone etiquette. Here are a few common Polish phone call phrases you can use here:

  • “I’m calling about…” – Dzwonię w sprawie…  
  • “I’d like to speak to…” – Chciałbym / Chciałabym rozmawiać z…

    For a male and female speaker, respectively.

  • “I have a question about…” – Mam pytanie w sprawie… 

In more casual contexts, you can allow yourself to be a bit more straightforward and use the second person singular: 

  • “Do you remember…?” – Pamiętasz…? 
  • “Do you know by any chance…?” – Wiesz może…? / Znasz może…?
  • “Can you recommend…?” –  Możesz mi polecić…? 

While this article isn’t about Polish verbs, we highly recommend you check out this article on Wikipedia to learn more about different verb forms in Polish. Additionally, you can upgrade your vocabulary with our article on the top 100 Polish verbs.

4. Asking to Speak to Someone

Sometimes, the person who picks up the phone is not who you were hoping to speak to. Luckily, there are a few expressions you can rely on when this happens: 

  • “Could I speak to [name]?” – Czy mogę rozmawiać z [name – instrumental case]?
  • “Could you call [name]?” – Czy można prosić do telefonu [name – instrumental case]?

In casual contexts, try the following phrases: 

  • “Can you pass [name]?” – Dasz [name – instrumental case]?
  • “Is [name] there?” –  Jest [name]?

If you want to impress people with your Polish skills by making a joke, you can also quote the Polish cult movie and political satire Seksmisja (Sexmission): Dzień dobry, czy zastałem Jolkę? (“Hello, is Jolka there?”) 

5. Asking Someone to Wait

A Person on the Phone with a Remote in Their Hand

If the person on the other end has asked for information about something or wants to be transferred, you may need to ask them to wait a moment. Here are a few formal Polish phone phrases you can use to do this: 

  • “Please wait a second.” – Proszę chwileczkę poczekać/zaczekać. 
  • “I’ll check in a second.” – Zaraz sprawdzę. 
  • “I’m asking him now.” –  Już go/ją proszę.
  •  “Unfortunately, he’s/she’s not here.” – Niestety go/jej nie ma.

As always, informal circumstances allow you to get straight to the point: 

  • “Wait a second.” – Zaczekaj chwilę… 
  • “I’m not sure whether he/she is here. I’ll check.” – Nie wiem czy jest. Sprawdzę. 

6. Asking for Clarification

During a Polish phone conversation, you may have difficulty hearing or understanding the other person. Below, you’ll find some expressions you can use to ask for clarification or repetition. Keep in mind that for each phrase, the first version we give is for when the other person is male. 

  • “Sorry, could you say that again?” – Przepraszam, czy może Pan/Pani powtórzyć?
  • “I’m sorry, but I’m having a hard time hearing you.” – Przepraszam, ale słabo Pana/Panią słyszę. 
  • “Could you spell your name/surname for me, please?” – Czy może Pan/Pani przeliterować swoje imię/nazwisko?  

And here are some phrases you might use during an informal conversation:

  • “Repeat, please.” – Powtórz, proszę.
  • “I almost can’t hear you.” – Prawie Cię nie słyszę. 
  • “Can you repeat your name, please?” – Możesz powtórzyć jak masz na imię?

Do you need more help in this regard? Then make sure to visit our lesson “Can You Say it Again in Polish?” 

7. Leaving a Message

A Man Writing Down a Message for Someone

What if the person you’re trying to reach is unavailable? You should have the opportunity to leave a message for them, so here are a few Polish phone call phrases you can use in this situation:

  • “Could I leave a message?” – Czy mógłbym zostawić wiadomość?
  • “Could you pass a message?” – Czy mogłaby Pani (f) / mógłby Pan (m) coś przekazać?
  • “Could you ask them to call me back?” – Czy może Pani (f) / Pan (m) poprosić, żeby do mnie oddzwonili?

And here are some options for informal contexts: 

  • “Could you pass a message?” – Możesz mu coś przekazać? 
  • “Can you ask him/her to call me back?” – Możesz go/ją poprosić, żeby do mnie oddzwonił/oddzwoniła?

Are you the one who’s been given the task of passing on a Polish message? Click on the link to find out how to do this. 

8. Time to Say Goodbye

When it’s time to finish a Polish phone conversation, these phrases may come in handy: 

  • “Thank you for your help! Goodbye!” – Dziękuję za pomoc, do widzenia!
  • “Have a nice day!” – Miłego dnia! 
  • “I’ll speak to you soon!” – Do usłyszenia!

As the receiver of the call, you may want to say: 

  • “Is there anything else I can help with?” – Czy mogę jeszcze jakoś pomóc? 
  • “I’m wishing you a good day!” – Życzę miłego dnia!

Are you ending a conversation with a friend? Try these expressions:

  • “Thanks for your help.” – Dzięki za pomoc. 
  • “Bye!” – Na razie! / Pa!

Do you know any other ways to say goodbye in Polish? Visit our lesson to add three more phrases to your vocabulary! 

9. Sample Phone Conversations

Someone Picking Up a Phone

Now that you’ve learned several Polish telephone phrases, it’s time to see how they might be used in real life. Below, you’ll find two dialogue examples: one informal and one formal. 


    Halo? – “Hello?”

    Cześć Ania! Mówi Ola! – “Hello Ania. It’s Ola.”

    Cześć Ola! – “Hi Ola!”

    Masz jakieś plany na jutro? Może wyskoczyłybyśmy na lunch? – “Do you have any plans for tomorrow? Maybe we could grab lunch together?”

    Świetny pomysł! O której? – “Great idea! What time?”

    Pasuje Ci 12:30? – “Will 12:30 work for you?”

    Trochę za wcześnie. Może być 13? – “It’s a bit too early. Can we do one o’clock?”

    Mi pasuje. Tam gdzie zwykle? – “Works for me. Shall we meet in our usual spot?”

    Nie, spróbujmy coś nowego? Może Cafe Nero? – “No, let’s try something new. How about Cafe Nero?”

    Brzmi super! Zrobię rezerwację! – “Sounds great! I’ll make a booking.”

    Dzięki, do zobaczenia! – “Thanks, see you!”

    Do zobaczenia! – “See you!”

It’s important not to be late to your Polish meeting. Setting up an appointment with a friend and being on time isn’t enough, though. You still need to make a booking for a restaurant, and that needs to be done using more formal language. To give you an idea, here’s what a formal phone call in Polish might sound like: 


    Cafe Nero, słucham? – “Cafe Nero, hello?”

    Witam, chciałabym zarezerwować stolik dla dwóch osób. – “Hello! I’d like to book a table for two people.”

    Na kiedy? – “For when?”

    Na jutro, na lunch. – “For lunch tomorrow.”

    Na którą godzinę? – “For what time?”

    Na 13. – “For one o’clock.”

    Oczywiście, żaden problem. Na kogo jest rezerwacja? – “Certainly, no problem. Under what name?”

    Na Olę. – “Ola.”

    Świetnie. W takim razie do zobaczenia jutro! – “Great. I’ll see you tomorrow then!”

    Do widzenia. – “Goodbye!”

If you’re wondering how Ania and Ola will order lunch once they’re in the restaurant, click on the link. You can also visit our lessons At the Table” and “Check, please!” to learn even more handy phrases. 

10. Final Thoughts

Being able to have a telephone conversation in Polish is an important skill for you to learn. To do so successfully, you need to know both formal and informal Polish phone phrases and how to use them. We hope that our article has helped you feel more confident in this respect. Let us know in the comments what your first telephone conversation in Polish will be!

Of course, you’ll need to know much more than the phrases outlined in this article to communicate in different day-to-day situations. In order to reach a more advanced level, you’ll need a comprehensive Polish learning course. And this is exactly what PolishPod101 gives you!

With countless recordings by native speakers and engaging lessons on a variety of topics, we’ll ensure you never have a dull moment. You’ll start to notice your comprehension and speaking skills improve before you know it.

Don’t hesitate. Create your free lifetime account today! 

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Learn to Say “I Love You,” in Polish Like a Pole


Many people start learning Polish because their partner or spouse is Polish, and this is a great motivation for language learning

Whether you have a Polish partner or you just plan to visit Poland in the near future, knowing how and when to use Polish love phrases is an important skill. You never know when you’ll want to say “I love you,” in Polish for the first time. In addition, love is a popular theme in Polish television shows, movies, and books, so knowing relevant vocabulary will help your comprehension tremendously. 

Before we get ahead of ourselves, let’s start with the Polish word for “love”: 

In this blog post, you’ll learn much more than that! We’ll teach you how to flirt, how to say “I love you so much,” in Polish, how to take your relationship a step further, and even how to propose marriage. 

Let’s get started!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Polish Table of Contents
  1. Polish Flirting Phrases
  2. Speaking About Feelings in Polish
  3. Things are Getting Serious
  4. Terms of Endearment: Saying “My Love” in Polish
  5. Love Quotes and Idioms
  6. Final Thoughts

1. Polish Flirting Phrases 

People Flirting

During your travels or long-term stay in Poland, there’s a chance you’ll meet a potential love interest. If you plan on living in this beautiful European country, you may want to learn a few love phrases in Polish that you can use to confess your feelings to someone. In the following sections, you’ll learn how to grab their attention and start flirting. 

A- Saying Hi

In order to get the attention of a Polish man or woman, you first need to say hello. This is quite easy to do during a social event such as a party (impreza) or barbecue (grill). Here are some things that you can say: 

  • Cześć! Skąd znasz [name]? – “Hi! Where do you know [name] from?”
  • Cześć! Chyba się nie znamy! – “Hi! I don’t think we know one another!” 
  • Cześć! Jesteś tu pierwszy raz? – “Hi! Are you here for the first time?” 

What if you see someone you really like on the street? You’ll have to get more creative in order to get their attention. Don’t worry, though. Meeting people is easy in Poland

B- Asking for Someone’s Number

Let’s say that after a successful introduction and a short conversation, you know that you’d like to see this person again. In this case, you should suggest meeting up and ask them for their number. There are a few ways you can do this: 

  • Czy dasz mi do siebie numer? – “Could I get your number, please?” 
  • Powinniśmy się ustawić na kawę! – “We should meet up for a coffee!” (slang)
  • Masz ochotę pójść ze mną na kolację? – “Would you like to grab dinner with me?”

To call and text in Poland, having a local number will come in handy. Here are some tips and vocabulary you’ll need for buying a Polish SIM card

C- Things to Say After a Date or Two

A Romantic Dinner

After you’ve had a couple of great dates with someone, there may be other things you’d like to tell them: 

  • Bardzo mi się podobasz. – “I really like you.” 
  • Czy chciałabyś być moją dziewczyną? – “Would you like to be my girlfriend?” 
  • Czy chciałbyś być moim chłopakiem? – “Would you like to be my boyfriend?” 

Just be careful, because planning a date in Poland can be tricky

2. Speaking About Feelings in Polish

As the relationship progresses and you begin to develop stronger feelings for the person you’re dating, it’s important to be able to say “I love you,” in Polish. Below are several Polish love phrases you can use to express your true feelings. Note that some of these phrases are gender-specific; in these cases, the version a male speaker would say is on the left of the slash ( / ) and the version a female speaker would say is on the right. 

  • Zakochałem/Zakochałam się w Tobie. – “I’m in love with you.” 
  • Tęsknię za Tobą. – “I miss you.”
  • Stęskniłem/Stęskniłam się za Tobą. – “I’ve missed you.”
  • Kocham Cię. – “I love you.”
  • Jestem przy Tobie. – “I’m here for you.”
  • Tak bardzo Cię kocham! – “I love you so much.”
  • Bardzo Cię kocham! – “I love you so much.”

Would you like more information on how to say “I love you,” in Polish? Check out our lesson and learn three ways of saying these words in Polish


3. Things are Getting Serious

You already know how to say “I love you,” in Polish, but when things start getting serious, you’ll need to know more advanced Polish phrases. 

A- Meeting the Parents

  • Chciałbym/Chciałabym, żebyś poznała/poznał moich rodziców. – “I’d like you to meet my parents.”

Meeting the parents is usually the first big step in a relationship. Don’t worry too much about making a good impression, and just try to be yourself. Most parents simply want their child to date someone who truly cares about them. If you’re still a bit nervous, you can brush up on your Polish vocabulary for first meetings in Poland.

B- Moving in Together

Some people think that meeting the parents first is a bit too old-school, and decide to move in together prior to this step. Whatever your timing, you could suggest living together with either of these phrases:

  • Myślę, że czas, żebyśmy razem zamieszkali. – “I think it’s time to move in together.”
  • Chciałbyś/Chciałabyś się do mnie wprowadzić? – “Would you like to move in?” 

C- Proposing Marriage

A Marriage Proposal

Marriage has fallen out of favor for young Europeans, including Poles. Today, many people decide to continue living together without worrying about the ring. Still, some prefer to get married. There’s no perfect wording for this occasion, but this phrase will get you started:

  • Może wzięlibyśmy ślub? – “Shall we get married?”

This expression can be used by both men and women. Some people would say it’s a man’s job, but nowadays women can propose whenever they want. The phrase usually only used by men is:

  • Wyjdziesz za mnie (za mąż)? – “Will you marry me?” (literally: “Will you take me (as your husband)?”)

Starting a Family

Some couples also decide that they would like to have children. How would you approach this conversation in Polish? Try one of the following phrases: 

  • Chyba czas pomyśleć o dzieciach. – “It may be the right time to think about children.”
  • Myślę, że jestem gotowy/gotowa na dziecko. – “I think I’m ready for a child.”

The first version is for men, the second one for women. 

4. Terms of Endearment: Saying “My Love” in Polish

Polish couples tend to use terms of endearment less frequently than those of some other nations. However, that obviously depends on the individual and how affectionate they are. Here are some of the more common love words in Polish: 

  • Kochanie – “Honey” 
  • Słoneczko/Słońce – “Sunshine”
  • Myszko – “Mouse” 
  • Skarbie – “Treasure” 
  • Żabko – “Frog” 
  • Kotku – “Kitten”
  • Misiu – “Bear” 

These expressions use the 7th Polish case, which you’ll rarely ever see. It’s called wołacz (vocative).  

A Couple in the Cinema

Sometimes, Polish people also add possessive pronouns to terms of endearment. This creates pet names like moje kochanie (“my love”) and moje słoneczko (“my sunshine”). 

5. Love Quotes and Idioms

While knowing how to express your love in Polish will certainly impress your partner, you can score even more brownie points by using some of these Polish quotes about love and other relevant idioms:

Kto ma szczęście w kartach, nie ma szczęścia w miłości. – “Lucky at cards, unlucky in love.”

This popular Polish saying has an exact equivalent in English. Do you agree with this statement? 

Śpieszmy się kochać ludzi, tak szybko odchodzą. – “Be in a rush to love people; they leave (this world) so fast.”

This is a line from a Polish poem by a priest named Jan Twardowski. Despite being a popular quote in Poland, not everyone who uses it knows its origin. 

Miłość o rozum nie pyta. – “Love doesn’t ask about reason.”

According to this saying, it doesn’t really matter how smart one’s partner is. This is something parents would say if they didn’t like their child’s partner. 

Miłość jest ślepa. – “Love is blind.”

Love is not dependent upon a person’s looks or their personal characteristics. This phrase is very often used in conversations, sometimes in a mean way.

A Wedding

6. Final Thoughts

After reading this article, you should have a better idea of how to express love in Polish with the most common romantic phrases. In addition, you’re better prepared for the more intimate moments of your relationship with a full arsenal of proposal lines and Polish terms of endearment. 

Which of the words or phrases listed here will be most useful to you in the near future? Comment below before you go!

Being able to introduce yourself and confess your feelings in Polish are great skills, but knowing only a few expressions doesn’t make you a fluent speaker. To learn a language, one should have a well-structured tool such as PolishPod101. Depending on your current Polish level, we have different learning pathways available to meet your needs.

PolishPod101 has hundreds of videos and recordings by native speakers. Thanks to our platform, you’ll improve your pronunciation, comprehension, vocabulary, and more! What are you waiting for? Start your free trial today!

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Learn How to Form Negative Sentences in Polish


Knowing how to form negative sentences in Polish is a crucial skill for learners of the language to acquire early on. There are a few different methods of Polish negation, and today we’ll cover the most important ones. 

Don’t worry too much, though.

It’s much simpler than many other aspects of Polish grammar, so we’re sure you’ll master these negation patterns in no time. The most important thing to keep in mind is that Polish is a different language. Trying to develop a “Polish mindset” will work better for you than striving to translate exactly what you have in mind in English.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Polish Table of Contents
  1. Polish Negation: Case Study
  2. Answering “No” to Questions
  3. Other Words Used for Expressing Negation
  4. Double Negatives
  5. Final Thoughts

1. Polish Negation: Case Study

The simplest pattern of Polish negation uses the word nie (“no”) in front of the part of speech being negated. This is unlike what you see in many other languages, where negation often needs two parts or uses different words depending on the context. You can learn more about affirmation and negation in different languages by clicking on the link. 

A- Polish Verb Negation

A Person Saying No with a Gesture

It’s only natural to speak up about things you don’t like or don’t want to do—it doesn’t make you a negative person! It’s equally important to know how to speak about negative emotions in Polish.

Negation in Polish works very differently from that in English. In English, there are many words that can negate the verb, depending on the tense used; in Polish, it’s always the same word. 

Have a look at the following examples: 

  • Nie lubię chodzić do kina. – “I don’t like going to the cinema.”
  • Nie czytaj gazety! – “Don’t read the newspaper!”
  • Nie mieszkali w Polsce. – “They didn’t live in Poland.”

As you can see in the examples above, the word nie is placed directly in front of the verb it’s meant to negate. This is true for all tenses and moods. Of course, this is only one way to negate a verb.

Once you gain more confidence in your Polish skills, you may want to start using verbs with opposite meanings (antonimy – “antonyms”). For instance, instead of simply saying Nie chcę (“I don’t want”) you can decide to use Odmawiam (“I refuse”). Start improving your vocabulary by studying our top 20 Polish verbs video series. Here you can find parts one, two, three, and four.

B- Negation of Adjectives

In Polish, negating adjectives is just as simple as negating verbs. There’s only a small twist – you need to remember to write nie together with the adjective.

A Girl Sticking Her Tongue Out
  • On jest niegrzeczny. – “He’s rude/badly behaved.” 
  • Ten samochód jest niedrogi. – “This car is inexpensive.”
  • Mój artykuł jest niedokończony. – “My article is unfinished.”

Of course, not all adjectives can be negated that way. Sometimes adding nie in front of an adjective will just make it sound funny or artificial. So what should you do in those situations? Start by learning high frequency adjectives with us. After that, remember to check out our lesson on using Polish adjectives and its follow-up

C- Negation of Adverbs

To make an adverb negative in Polish, you need to put the adverb after nie:

  • Na dworze było nieładnie. – “It was not pretty outside.”
  • Opowiadał nieciekawie o swoim życiu. – “He spoke about his life in a boring way.” 
  • Poczułam się niedobrze. – “I started feeling unwell.”

Unfortunately, the rules for how we write adverbs with nie are a bit more complicated than those for other parts of speech. Some adverbs are combined with the word nie to form a compound, while others are written separately. Instead of learning very specific rules in the beginning, we suggest that you just keep studying adverbs along with their spelling.

Don’t despair if you make mistakes from time to time. It happens even to Polish people! This list of must-know adverbs and phrases for connecting thoughts will definitely come in handy.

Let’s now learn about negation in Polish grammar for answering questions. After all, saying “no” sometimes is just a part of life! 

2. Answering “No” to Questions

To make a more complete negation in Polish when answering a question, you need to use nie twice: 

A: Idziesz jutro do kina? 
A: “Are you going to the cinema tomorrow?”

B: Nie, nie idę jutro do kina. 
B: “No, I’m not going to the cinema tomorrow.”

A: Chcesz coś do picia? 
A: “Would you like something to drink?”

B: Nie, nie chce mi się pić.
B: “No, I’m not thirsty.”

A Person Crossing Her Arms in Refusal

Do you know how to offer such an invitation in Polish? If not, head to our lesson on this topic by clicking on the link.

Another option is to simply answer nie, but it’s considered quite impolite. You should only use it with people whom you know well and who are unlikely to take offense. 

A: Chcesz coś zjeść?
A: “Would you like to eat something?”

B: Nie.
B: “No.”

A more polite way of refusing would be to answer: Nie, dziękuję. (“No, thank you.”) 

It’s also worth mentioning that some Polish people use nie at the end of declarative sentences. This special Polish negation case is a mannerism. It doesn’t really carry any specific meaning, it’s just something that some people say. Many people don’t like to hear it and consider it bad Polish, so we wouldn’t recommend developing this habit. Here’s an example of what this looks like: 

  • Kupiłem sobie kawę, nie? A potem dodałem cukru, nie? – “I’ve bought myself some coffee, no? And then I’ve added some sugar, no?” 

3. Other Words Used for Expressing Negation

To truly master negation in the Polish language, you need to study other words used for forming negative sentences in Polish. Here are some expressions that can be used for negation without changing form: 

  • nigdy – “never”

    Nigdy nie mów nigdy. – “Never say never.”

  • nigdy więcej – “never again”

    Nigdy więcej nie założę szpilek! – “I will never wear stilettos again.”

  • nigdzie – “nowhere”

    Nigdzie nie mógł znaleźć swoich okularów. – “He couldn’t find his glasses anywhere.”
  • nic – “nothing”

    Nic nie zapłaciłem. – “I’ve paid nothing.”
  • już nie – “not anymore”

    Już nie oglądam tego serialu. – “I don’t watch this series anymore.”
  • ani…ani – “neither…nor”

    Nie mam ochoty ani na lody ani na czekoladę. – “I don’t feel like eating neither ice cream nor chocolate.”

Neither...Nor Image

The one expression that does change is nikt (“no one” or “anyone”). It undergoes declension, just like many other parts of speech. This is why we’d say: 

  • Nie mam nikogo. – “I don’t have anyone.”
  • Nikt na mnie nie czeka. – “No one is waiting for me.” 
  • Nikomu nie jesteś nic winna. – “You don’t owe anything to anyone.”

Remember to pay particular attention to which case is used with this word. In this manner, you’ll avoid making mistakes or causing misunderstandings. 

Have you noticed how negative sentences in Polish seem to work slightly differently than in English? That’s because Polish allows—and often requires—double negation.

4. Double Negatives

Twin Sisters

Let us show you some more examples so that you can better understand how double negation in Polish works:

  • Nikt nigdy tu nie przychodzi. – “No one ever comes here.”
    • Literal translation: “No one never doesn’t come here.” 
  • Nikt mi o tym nie powiedział. – “No one told me about it.”
    • Literal translation: “No one didn’t tell me about it.” 
  • Nic mnie już nie obchodzi. – “I don’t care about anything anymore.”
    • Literal translation: “I don’t care about nothing anymore.”

For many Polish learners, this is a completely new concept and may be a bit difficult to get used to. It’s also a reminder that the rules of negation in English and Polish are different. Don’t worry, though. You’ll get the hang of this particular aspect of Polish negation with time. 

5. Final Thoughts

That’s it for today! As we say in Polish: Co za dużo to niezdrowo! (“Too much of a good thing!”)

We hope we’ve helped you learn about negation in the Polish language. It’s not as hard as it might seem at first, even if it differs from what you’re used to in English.

You can refer back to this blog post whenever you’re in doubt regarding how to say “no” in Polish. Keep in mind the spelling rules, don’t be scared of the double negation, and you’ll be fine. Write some examples of negation in the comments’ section to show us what you’ve learned!

Learning negation is very important, but there’s much more to the Polish language than that! To learn in a structured way, give PolishPod101 a try. Our platform gives you incredible resources to learn real-life Polish. We provide fun and engaging lessons on various topics, featuring recordings by native speakers to help you with your Polish comprehension as well as your vocabulary. Don’t hesitate, create your account today!

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Why learn Polish? Here are 10 great reasons for 2021.


Learning a foreign language is a lot of fun, but it’s also a commitment. When things get tough or you lack the motivation to study, it’s important to remember your reason(s) for learning in the first place! And believe us, there are plenty of benefits to be gained from learning a new language. Which brings us to today’s topic…

Why learn Polish? Especially when there are so many other languages out there with much higher demand?

In this blog post, we’ll give you 10 great reasons for learning Polish. You can come back to this article whenever you need a motivation boost—like the next time you feel that Polish cases are becoming too much to handle, for example.

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  1. Poland is a great travel destination.
  2. Polish food is amazing.
  3. Knowing Polish will give you access to other Slavic languages.
  4. You’ll have 50 million potential new friends.
  5. There are many great Polish books.
  6. You can learn more about the fascinating Polish history.
  7. Polish will be an asset on your resume.
  8. There are many easy things about Polish.
  9. It could allow you to get in touch with your roots.
  10. It’s a challenge…and who doesn’t love one?
  11. Final Thoughts

1. Poland is a great travel destination.

A Polish City

One of the reasons why you should study Polish is that it would make your trip to Poland so much more fun! Being able to communicate with locals will give you access to many things that otherwise wouldn’t be available to you. 

For example, it will help you make friends with people who live here and allow you to get a true feel of what daily life is like in Poland. You could also save some money by avoiding more expensive English-speaking guides when you visit tourist attractions. If you’re not convinced yet, here are some great things you can see in Poland: 

  1. Warsaw (Warszawa)

The capital city of Poland is an amazing destination. It offers tourists great views, a lot of fascinating history, and delicious food and beverages. In fact, it’s so great that we’ve even written a whole blog post about it (link). 

  1. Cracow (Kraków

The former capital of Poland is an equally fascinating city. You definitely won’t regret a trip to the nearby salt mine, Wieliczka! While visiting Krakow, don’t forget to pop in to Wawel and learn all about the dragon…

  1. Białowieża Forest (Puszcza Białowieska)

Białowieża Forest is among the largest remainders of the primeval European forest. You can enjoy long walks there and see many of the 5000 European bison still alive today. 

2. Polish food is amazing.

Polish Sweets

Polish food (polskie jedzenie) is really amazing and should be among your motivating factors to learn Polish. There are so many great dishes to try that it would be difficult to enumerate them all. You can start learning about them with these lessons from PolishPod101:

You might be wondering how learning Polish relates to enjoying the country’s cuisine. Well, just imagine all the cool things you could do if you spoke the language well! You could pronounce the names of Polish dishes like a pro, get exclusive access to recipes in Polish (such as this one for making the perfect pierogi!), and you could order in Polish restaurants in both Poland and other places abroad. These are some great reasons to learn Polish!

3. Knowing Polish will give you access to other Slavic languages.

Slavic Dancers

Another great reason why you should learn Polish is that it’s a Slavic language, and knowing one language from a language group makes it easier for you to learn others. Here are some popular Slavic languages:

  • Russian (rosyjski)
  • Czech (czeski)
  • Ukrainian (ukraiński)
  • Slovak (słowacki)
  • Serbian (serbski)
  • Croatian (chorwacki)

What’s more, some of these languages are easy to understand in writing and/or in speech when you speak Polish fluently. That’s particularly true for Slovak, Ukrainian, Serbian, and Croatian. This means that in Serbia, Croatia, Ukraine, and Slovakia, you could use Polish in a shop or restaurant and be understood. You should also be able to understand what’s said to you, provided that the other person slows down their normal speaking pace. 

You could also largely understand a constructed language that’s gaining popularity: Interslavic

4. You’ll have 50 million potential new friends.

A Group of People Having Fun

Say what? It’s true! There are over 50 million Polish speakers around the world, both in Poland and abroad. There are big Polish communities in many countries, including the U.K., Ireland, the U.S., and Australia.

50 million potential new friends all around the world seems like a great answer to the question, “Why should I learn Polish?” After all, meeting people is easy in Poland!

5. There are many great Polish books.

Old Books

Reading books in their original language is an amazing experience. Literature translators are very gifted people, but there’s no way to translate something without losing some of its nuance and flavor.

Once you know Polish well enough to explore Polish literature, you should start your journey with Nobel Prize winners such as Henryk Sienkiewicz, Wisława Szymborska, and Olga Tokarczuk. There are many things you can learn about Poland and Polish people from their novels and poems.

There are too many other interesting Polish writers to list them all. Dorota Masłowska, Sylwia Chutnik, and Szczepan Twardoch are just a few examples of young Polish writers worth checking out, but there are many more for you to discover.

Last but not least, you could explore the world of The Witcher in Polish. While the popular Netflix series, the games, and the books are available in English, let’s be honest: a lot of interesting nuances are lost in translation. Learning Polish will give you full access to the original version in all its glory! 

6. You can learn more about the fascinating Polish history.

The Solidarity Movement

Poland has a fascinating history, full of both sad and joyful events. There are many books on this topic published in English, but there are many more that are only available in Polish. This is a sound reason as to why you should learn Polish. Did you know that…

  • …Poland was as big as 990,000 km2 (from the Baltic Sea almost up to the Black Sea) at the height of its territorial expansion? 

  • …Poland disappeared from world maps at one point during its history due to partitions when it was divided between foreign countries?

  • …one of the Polish II Corps soldiers during the Second World War was a bear named Wojtek?

If you can read Polish, you’ll have the ability to discover many more secrets about this country! Don’t forget to find out more about the Polish Middle Ages when trying to learn your Polish history.

7. Polish will be an asset on your resume.


Did you know that Poland doesn’t use the euro and has retained its own Polish currency? As a member of the European Union and a Schengen country, Poland has strong economic ties with many countries in Europe and outside of it. This means that knowing Polish is an asset on the European labor market.

Poland is also an attractive market for representatives of many professions. Many Polish people speak good English, but it’s difficult to live in a country without knowing the language. What’s more, if you want to become a permanent resident or a citizen, you have no choice but to learn Polish.

If nothing else, having Polish skills on your resume can be an interesting thing to talk about with your interviewer. The best way to shine among a number of people with similar qualifications is to have a skill that no one else has. 

8. There are many easy things about Polish.

A Happy Student

Polish has a bad reputation of being a very difficult language to learn. It does have some difficult aspects to it, just like any other language. What’s more important, though, is that it has some surprisingly easy elements to it as well. 

Firstly, Polish is a phonetic language. This means that Polish words are written just as they’re pronounced (and vice-versa). This characteristic sets it apart from English, which has very unpredictable spelling. (By the way, here are some tips for cracking the Polish writing system.)

Polish is also pretty straightforward when it comes to tenses. There are just three of them: the past, the present, and the future.

The stress in Polish is rather predictable too. It usually falls on the penultimate syllable, with few exceptions. 

9. It could allow you to get in touch with your roots.

A Grandfather Holding His Grandchild

Why is it important to learn the Polish language? For those of Polish origin, it can be a way to get in touch with their roots! Many people living abroad are first, second, or third generation immigrants but have never managed to explore this part of their identity.

Learning Polish would allow you to speak to your family in Poland at a family reunion, or even to visit the country to find out more about where you come from.

If your spouse is Polish, learning the language would be a great gift for him or her. If you’re planning to have children, it’ll be much easier for you to teach the child Polish if there are two of you working on it. 

10. It’s a challenge…and who doesn’t love one?

A Winner

One final reason as to why you should learn Polish is that mastering the language is quite a challenge. Many people speak Polish well, but achieving near-fluency requires a lot of commitment! Just try out these tongue-twisters and you’ll see what we mean. 

Taking on such a challenge will make you feel extremely proud of yourself when you arrive at your destination. This is a truly amazing feeling with no comparison.

Don’t worry about the learning process being too challenging, though. Thanks to the development of technology, language learning is easier today than it’s ever been—which is exactly why you should learn Polish now.

11. Final Thoughts

Today, you’ve learned 10 great reasons concerning why to study Polish. Can you think of any more? Let us know in the comments.

You can always come back to this article when you need some inspiration or motivation. Or better yet, you could write down the reasons that resonate most with you on index cards and place them around the house! 

Don’t forget that there has never been a better time to learn a language. There are so many resources available on the internet!

On PolishPod101, for instance, you can follow a personalized learning pathway, explore countless lessons, and utilize a variety of study tools to maximize your learning efforts. Create your free lifetime account today and explore our lesson library!

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From Zero to Hero: How Long Will it Take to Learn Polish?


Like many people who are about to embark on a new language learning journey, you may be asking yourself:
How long will it take to learn Polish?

The answer is: “It depends on the level you want to achieve!”

In this article, you’ll find out how long it takes to reach the different proficiency levels of Polish. You’ll also get exclusive tips on how to accelerate your progress and use PolishPod101 to your advantage every step of the way.

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  1. Beginner Level
  2. Intermediate Level
  3. Advanced Level
  4. Final Thoughts

Beginner Level

A Woman with a Notebook

How long will it take to learn Polish if you hope to surpass the beginner level? And what skills are expected of you as a beginner (początkujący)? 

Here are some answers to your questions, and more! 

Pre-Intermediate Level: What Does it Mean?

To become a pre-intermediate student, you need to complete levels A1 and A2 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). 

At level A1, you’ll be able to have very simple conversations such as introducing yourself or talking about your likes and dislikes. By level A2, you’ve deepened your basic vocabulary knowledge. Upon completion of this level, you can go to shops and museums, ask for directions, tell the time, and talk about your family.

How Long Will it Take?

A Man Looking at His Watch

You need around 200 hours of study to get to level A2. How fast you get there depends on how much time you spend studying. Here are some tips on how to learn the Polish language faster: 

  1. Set up your social media in Polish. If you’re feeling brave, do it to your phone too!

  2. Listen to a lot of Polish music on YouTube and watch Polish-language movies on Netflix. This will allow you to hear a lot of the language and get used to how it sounds. Can you understand some of the words? That’s great!

  3. Last but not least, prepare your own flashcards with new vocabulary you’re learning.

How to Use PolishPod101 as a Beginner

Are you wondering how to learn basic Polish as you begin your studies? 

PolishPod101 can help you improve your Polish at any level. When you first start learning Polish, you’ll be studying simpler things such as saying hello and giving a self-introduction. 

Our lesson Saying Hello No Matter the Time of Day in Polish is a great example of what we have to offer our students. It will teach you the very important skill of greeting people at any time of day and with the required formality level. 

Apart from the dialogue, you also get a vocabulary list, lesson notes with additional tips, commentary on the cultural context (kontekst kulturowy), and even some additional vocabulary. You can read the lesson, listen to it, or do both at the same time using the transcript. 

Here are some similar lessons you may like: 

What’s more, PolishPod101 also has a specific pathway (ścieżka) for absolute beginners. Thanks to this functionality, you won’t get lost among the countless lessons the platform offers. 

Intermediate Level

Moving from the beginner level to the intermediate level is an accomplishment to be proud of! 

The intermediate level (poziom średniozaawansowany) is an exciting new adventure that comes with its own challenges. Keep in mind that your progress will slow down at this point. But this isn’t something to be worried about, as it’s a natural part of the process.

Intermediate Level: What Does it Mean?

A Graduate

You have reached the intermediate stage of your Polish learning once you attain level B1 or B2 of CEFR.

Level B1 allows you to have conversations on most everyday topics (codzienne tematy). You still lack vocabulary and struggle to express yourself concerning more complex issues. 

Such issues disappear at level B2, when you’re capable of having longer conversations on more difficult topics. You’re able to express your political views at this level, speak about the environment, and agree or disagree with others. 

How Long Will it Take Me?

Level B1 means an additional 200 hours on top of the time you already put in to reach A1 and A2. This means your overall language learning time by this point will be 400 hours

Level B2 will require another 150 hours of studying, for a total of 550 hours.

Would you like to know how to learn Polish faster? Here are some language learning hacks to accelerate your progress:

  1. Watch movies and listen to songs like you did as a beginner. At this level, you should be paying attention to vocabulary and grammar. Make notes as you listen and watch. Not sure where to find more Polish movies? Start here
  1. Find a friend to help you practice your language skills. A language partner can’t replace a study program, but it can definitely help with your progress. Not sure where to look for a partner? Try the Tandem app!
  1. Look for free grammar exercises online to internalize the structures you’re struggling to remember or understand. 

How to Use PolishPod101 as an Intermediate Student

A PolishPod101 Graphic

PolishPod101 has many resources for intermediate students. The lessons may cover some of the same topics that you’ve seen as a beginner, but the vocabulary is more advanced. Check out this lesson on choosing your meal at a Polish restaurant to see what we mean. 

In this lesson, you’ll pick up some basic vocabulary related to food so you can communicate in more complicated situations. In addition to the lesson recording, you have direct access to the dialogue, vocabulary, and a lesson transcript. 

Here are two other intermediate lessons:

If something isn’t clear, you can always comment with a question. A friendly Polish teacher will provide you with a useful answer so you can overcome learning hurdles more easily. 

Are you interested in a specific topic? Use our search option to find related lessons!

Advanced Level

The advanced level (poziom zaawansowany) is the Holy Grail of language learning. Did you know that some students never get there and remain at the intermediate level indefinitely? Don’t worry! There are steps you can take to avoid that fate.

Advanced Level: What Does it Mean?

Reaching an advanced level in Polish means that you can speak about pretty much any topic with confidence. This is level C1 of CEFR. At this level, you could study or work in Polish. 

There’s also level C2, which represents a higher proficiency than even the average native speaker has. At this level, you could give speeches and write essays in Polish. 

How Long Does it Take to Learn Polish Fluently?

The Winner of a Race

To get to the C1 level, you’ll need about 900 hours (900 godzin) of work. 

C2 is trickier to evaluate, as this level requires academic skills on top of general language fluency. It also means that you rarely make mistakes.  

To make the jump from the intermediate level to the advanced level, you need to focus on two things: fluency and accuracy. With that in mind, look over these tips on how to make further progress in learning Polish.

  1. Work with songs and movies by transcribing them. Pay attention to how native speakers talk. What expressions do they use? How do they use grammar? Make notes and learn!

  2. Read books in your target language. You can read for pleasure too, but to see improvement you need to work on really expanding your vocabulary and learning more expressions. Tip: Choose modern books rather than the classics to learn the language as it’s truly spoken today.  
  1. Participate in an internet forum about a topic you’re interested in. Get involved in a discussion and learn from native speakers how to use the language. 

How to Use PolishPod101 as an Advanced Student

While you work to achieve a higher level, you should complement your language learning with knowledge about the country. That’s why PolishPod101 offers many lessons for advanced students focused on improving your understanding of Poland. 

Have a look at this lesson about the famous Polish composer, Frederic Chopin. Lessons like this one are similar to what a native Polish speaker would listen to, should (s)he want to learn more about the composer (kompozytor). Along with the lesson, you get access to the dialogue, vocabulary, lesson notes, lesson transcript, and comments. 

Interested in advanced Polish lessons? Remember to check out other lessons from the advanced audio blog, such as: 

A Map of Poland

Are you on your way to approaching an advanced level and need a way to prove your proficiency? Remember that there are Polish exams you can take to do so. You can read all about them in our dedicated blog post

Final Thoughts

In this article, we answered the question: How long does it take to learn Polish fluently?

We’ve also provided you with details on how long it will take you to reach each level of proficiency, and how to learn Polish faster. You should have a better idea of how to best utilize PolishPod101 and other resources to meet your language learning goals! 

How many hours have you studied Polish already? Let us know in the comments section. 

PolishPod101 is a platform designed to help Polish learners at every level reach their goals. In addition to countless lessons on various topics, we provide additional vocabulary resources with pronunciation examples (such as our vocabulary lists and dictionary). If you feel like you need a teacher, we’ve got you covered with our Premium PLUS MyTeacher service!

Don’t just take our word for it. Start your free trial today to start learning the Polish language as soon as possible. Remember that you need roughly 900 hours to become fluent. The sooner you start, the better.

Powodzenia! (“Good luck!”)

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