PolishPod101.com Blog
Learn Polish with Free Daily
Audio and Video Lessons!
Start Your Free Trial 6 FREE Features

Archive for the 'Polish Grammar' Category

The Ultimate Guide to the 100 Most Common Polish Adverbs


An adverb is a word or a phrase used as a modifier of adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. We’re going to introduce you today to the rules of use and formation of adverbs in Polish, as well as the 100 most common Polish adverbs. Are you ready to learn about adverbs in Polish? 
Language blog posts and other resources such as Must-Know Adverbs and Phrases for Connecting Thoughts are waiting for you on PolishPod101.com.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Polish Table of Contents
  1. Polish Adverbs: Placement and Formation
  2. Gradation of Adverbs in Polish
  3. Uncomparable Adverbs
  4. The Diminutive Form of Polish Adverbs
  5. Polish Adverbs of Time
  6. Polish Adverbs of Frequency
  7. Polish Adverbs of Place
  8. Polish Adverbs of Manner
  9. Final Thoughts

1. Polish Adverbs: Placement and Formation

Top verbs

You already know from the introduction what a Polish adverb (przysłówek) can be used for and what it modifies. Now, it’s time to have a look at the placement and formation of basic Polish adverbs, and phrases that behave like adverbs. Just a note before we start: some adverbs in Polish look like adjectives to native English speakers, so don’t be surprised by their translations. 

1- Placement of Adverbs

In most cases, adverbs in Polish are placed in front of verbs, like in this example: 

  • On wolno biega

“He runs slowly.”

a man visibly out of breath after a run

However, it’s acceptable to place Polish adverbs after the verb for emphasis. When an adverb in Polish modifies an adjective, it’s also placed before it:

  • Ona jest źle wychowana

“She’s badly behaved.”

2- Formation of Adverbs

Adverbs in Polish are formed from adjectives. To create an adverb, you need the stem of an adjective, which is usually obtained by removing the last letter from the masculine form of an adjective. If you don’t feel confident with adjectives in Polish yet, familiarize yourself with our resources: Using Adjectives and High Frequency Adjectives.

Have a look at what’s happening with the adjective szybki (“quick”) in order to form an adverb: 

szybki (“quick”) -> szybk 

Once you have a stem like szybk, you need to add an appropriate ending to form an adverb. In this case, it’s -o:

szybki (adjective) -> szybko (adverb) [“quickly”]

This is the most common pattern in Polish adverb formation. Here are some other examples: 

mocny (adj.) [“strong”] -> mocno (adv.) [“strongly”]

jasny (adj.) [“light”] -> jasno (adv.) [“lightly”]

suchy (adj.) [“dry”] -> sucho (adv.) [“dryly”]

Another pattern governs adjectives with a stem ending in a consonant other than -k and -l, and followed by -n. These adverbs take the ending -ie:

spokojny (adj.) [“calm”] -> spokojnie (adv.) [“calmly”]

wygodny (adj.) [“comfortable”] -> wygodnie (adv.) [“comfortably”]

ładny (adj.) [“pretty”] -> ładnie (adv.) [“prettily”]

pogodny (adj.) [“bright”] -> pogodnie (adv.) [“brightly”]

The final rule applies to adjectives with the masculine form ending in -ry. These adverbs take the ending -rze:

mądry (adj.) [“wise”] -> mądrze (adv.) [“wisely”]

dobry (adj.) [“good”] -> dobrze (adv.) [“well”]

As you know about languages, where there are rules, there are exceptions: 

zły (adj.) [“bad”] -> źle (adv.) (“badly”)

stary (adj.) [“old”] -> staro (adv.) (“old”)

2. Gradation of Adverbs in Polish

An adverb in Polish, unlike an adjective, is unchangeable. This means that it looks the same regardless of the word it modifies. However, an adverb can be susceptible to gradation, and when it is, it has comparative and superlative forms. 

As someone who wants to learn about adverbs in Polish, vocabulary formation rules regarding gradation will come in very handy for you. 

1- Comparatives

Very often, a comparative adverb can be obtained by adding the suffix -ej or -iej to the stem of an adverb:

łatwo (“easily”) -> łatwiej (“more easily”)

trudno (“difficult”) -> trudniej (“more difficult”)

przyjemnie (“pleasantly”) -> przyjemniej (“more pleasantly”) 

Exceptions mostly include changes to sounds, and become predictable as you practice Polish: 

gorąco (“hot”) -> goręcej (“hotter”)

wesoło (“cheerfully”) -> weselej (“more cheerfully”)

zielono (“green”) -> zieleniej (“greener”)

green asparagus

The comparative can also be formed by adding the word bardziej (“more”) in front of the adverb. It’s always an acceptable alternative. Here’s an example of both gradation techniques:

ciemno (“dark”) -> ciemniej (“darker”)

    -> bardziej ciemno (“darker”)

How do you know whether the comparative or superlative form is correct? You can use this Polish online dictionary to double-check.

2- Superlatives

The superlative is based on the comparative. You need to add the prefix -naj

łatwiej (“more easily”) -> najłatwiej (“the most easily”)

goręcej (“hotter”) -> najgoręcej (“the hottest”)

weselej (“more cheerfully”) -> najweselej (“the most cheerfully”)

Just like in the case of comparatives, it’s possible to create superlatives by adding a word in front of an adverb in Polish. This time it’s najbardziej (“the most”): 

ciemniej (“darker”) -> najciemniej (“the darkest”)

bardziej ciemno (“darker”) -> najbardziej ciemno (“the darkest”)

3. Uncomparable Adverbs

When trying to learn about adverbs in Polish, grammar basics are necessary. Unfortunately, not all adverbs undergo gradation. It very often has to do with the meaning of a particular adverb, as its gradation wouldn’t make sense. 

A good example is the Polish equivalent of the word “absolutely” (absolutnie). It’d sound strange in English too, to say “more absolutely” or “the most absolutely.” Here are some more uncomparable adverbs: 

  • bezgotówkowo (“cashless”)

W tym sklepie płaci się bezgotówkowo.

“This store is cashless.” (Literally: “In this store, one can only pay cashless.”) 

  • aktualnie (“at the moment” / “currently”)

Aktualnie nie ma takiej potrzeby

“Currently, there’s no such need.” 

  • bezczynnie (“without any activity” / “doing nothing”)

Siedzi bezczynnie

“He’s sitting there doing nothing.”

  • bezsennie (“sleepless”)

Leżę w łóżku bezsennie

“I lay in my bed sleeplessly.” 

  • bezpłatnie (“for free”)

Można zbadać się bezpłatnie

“One can do a check-up for free.” 

  • boso (“barefoot”)

Moja córka kocha chodzić boso

“My daughter loves walking barefoot.”

a picture of bare feet of three people
  • całkowicie (“entirely”)

Ufacie mu całkowicie

“You trust him entirely.”

  • głównie (“mainly”)

Jest to problem głównie wśród młodzieży

“It’s a problem mainly among teenagers.”

  • ledwo (“barely”)

Ledwo nam się udało

“We barely managed.”

  • magicznie (“magically”)

Było magicznie! 

“It was magical!”

  • niechętnie (“unwillingly”)

Niechętnie przyznał jej rację

“Unwillingly, he admitted that she was right.”

  • chętnie (“willingly” / “gladly”)

Chętnie pójdę na spacer

“I’ll willingly go for a walk.”

  • naprawdę (“really”)

Twój dom jest naprawdę piękny

“Your house is really beautiful.”

4. The Diminutive Form of Polish Adverbs

More essential verbs

Polish adverbs can also be modified to create their diminutive forms. There’s a number of endings that can be added to a Polish adverb for this purpose, but only one is applicable in most cases. Look at what happens with the adverb cicho (“quietly”):


The changes in sounds are often similar to the ones governing comparatives: 

wesoło (adv.) -> weselej (comp.) -> weselutko (dim.)

czerwono (adv.) -> czerwieniej  (comp.) -> czerwieniutko (dim.)

Now that you know all of the basics, it’s time to begin our Polish adverbs list! 

5. Polish Adverbs of Time

Polish adverbs of time answer the question “When?” (Kiedy?). 

  • przedwczoraj (“the day before yesterday”)

Kupiłam to przedwczoraj. 

“I bought it the day before yesterday.”

  • wczoraj (“yesterday”)

Wczoraj poszłam do kina

“I went to the cinema yesterday.”

  • dziś / dzisiaj (“today”) – these two forms are interchangeable 

Dziś / dzisiaj nie mam czasu

“I don’t have time today.”

  • wcześnie (“soon”)

Jest za wcześnie! 

“It’s too soon!”

  • późno (“late”)

Już późno

“It’s already late.”

  • najpierw (“firstly”)

Najpierw zjedz obiad

“Firstly, eat your lunch.”

  • ostatecznie (“lastly,” “finally”)

Ostatecznie się zgodził

“Lastly/Finally, he agreed.” 

  • przedtem (“before”)

Nawet przedtem to się zdarzało

“It happened even before.”

  • potem (“after”)

Najpierw wypił sok, a potem piwo

“Firstly, he drank his juice and then a beer.” 

  • teraz (“now”)

Teraz jest za późno

“Now, it’s too late.”

a child holding a clock
  • wcześniej (“previously”)

Wcześniej nie wiedzieliśmy jak to zrobić

“Previously, we didn’t know how to do it.”

  • niedawno (“recently”)

Niedawno się wprowadzili

“They moved in recently.”

  • obecnie (“currently”)

Obecnie nie macie pracy

“Currently, you’re unemployed.”

Below, you can find a table of other adverbs in Polish referring to time:

WeekW ostatnim tygodniuW tym tygodniuW przyszłym tygodniu
MonthW ostatnim miesiącuW tym miesiącuW przyszłym miesiącu
YearW ostatnim rokuW tym rokuW przyszłym roku

W ostatnim tygodniu nic nie zarobił

“He didn’t earn any money last week.”

W tym miesiącu kupujemy samochód

“We’re buying a car this month.”

W przyszłym roku kończy studia

“He’s graduating next year.”

That’s not all you should know about the time in Polish. To learn how to ask “What time is it?”, simply click on the link. If you want to learn about more Polish adverbs related to time, check out our blog post about telling the time.

6. Polish Adverbs of Frequency

Adverbs of frequency in Polish are words used to answer the question “How often?” (Jak często?). 

Here’s a list of Polish adverbs of frequency: 

  • nigdy (“never”)

Nigdy bym tak nie powiedziała

“I’d never say that!”

a woman covering her mouth
  • rzadko (“rarely”)

Rzadko się widujemy

“We rarely see one another.” 

  • nieczęsto (“seldom”)

Nieczęsto wychodzi z domu

“He doesn’t leave home often.”

  • często (“often” / “frequently”)

Często nie ma nas w domu

“We’re often not at home.”

  • zazwyczaj (“usually”)

Zazwyczaj o tej porze czytam gazetę

“At this time, I usually read a newspaper.”

  • zawsze (“always”)

Zawsze mam rację

“I’m always right.”

  • cały czas (“all the time”)

Ona cały czas płacze

“She cries all the time.”

  • czasami (“sometimes”)

Czasami nas odwiedzają. 

“Sometimes they visit us.”

There’s also a number of adverbial expressions with co (“what,” but here it should be translated as “every”), which are useful for talking about frequency: 


…godzinę (“every hour”)

 Bierz jedną tabletkę co godzinę

“Take one tablet every hour.”

…dziennie [spelled together] (“every day”)

Codziennie to samo

“It’s the same thing every day.”

…tydzień (“every week”)

Robert co tydzień odwiedza matkę

“Robert visits his mother every week.”

7. Polish Adverbs of Place

Adverbs of place answer the question “Where?” (Gdzie?).

  • tutaj (“here”)

Tutaj wybudujemy dom

“We’ll build a house here.”

  • tam (“there”)

Tam nie ma już słoneczników

“There are no more sunflowers there.” 

  • wszędzie (“everywhere”)

Szukałam wszędzie

“I’ve looked everywhere.”

  • wewnątrz (“inside”)

Wewnątrz nic nie ma. 

“There’s nothing inside.”

  • na zewnątrz (“outside”)

Maja trzyma psy na zewnątrz

“Maja keeps her dogs outside.”

  • na górze (“upstairs”)

Zostawiłam je na górze

“I left them upstairs.” 

  • na dole (“downstairs”)

Na dole mieszkają moi rodzice

“My parents live downstairs.”

  • za granicą (“abroad”)

Magda zawsze chciała mieszkać za granicą

“Magda’s always wanted to live abroad.” 

  • poza (“away”)

Oni uczą się poza domem

“They study away from home.”

  • dookoła (“around”)

Rozejrzałam się dookoła

“I’ve looked around.” 

  • blisko (“near”)

Pracujecie blisko domu

“You work near home.”

  • daleko (“far”)

Wyjeżdżasz daleko? 

“Are you going far (away)?”

Do you already know how to talk about directions and finding places in Poland? If not, click on the link to learn all you need to know about it. 

8. Polish Adverbs of Manner 

Polish adverbs of manner are used to describe the manner in which a given action has been performed:

  • powoli (“slowly”)

Chodzimy powoli

“We walk slowly.”

  • prędko (“quickly”)

Prędko to nie nastąpi

“It won’t happen quickly.”

  • ostrożnie (“carefully”)

Prowadźcie ostrożnie

“Drive carefully.”

  • lekkomyślnie (“carelessly”)

Beata zachowuje się lekkomyślnie

“Beata behaves carelessly.”

  • głośno (“loudly”)

Jest tu za głośno

“It’s too loud here.”

  • szczęśliwie (“happily”)

Żyli długo i szczęśliwie

“They lived happily ever after.”

  • nieszczęśliwie (“unhappily”)

Adam jest nieszczęśliwie zakochany. 

“Adam is unhappily in love.”

  • pięknie (“beautifully”)

Wyglądała pięknie

“She looked beautifully.”

  • brzydko (“ugly”)

Brzydko tu jest

“It’s ugly here.”

  • dosłownie (“literally”)

Ania bierze wszystko dosłownie

“Ania takes everything literally.”

  • zwyczajnie (“simply” / “ordinarily”)

Zwyczajnie nie masz racji! 

“You’re simply wrong!” 

  • płytko (“shallowly”)

Jest tu za płytko

“It’s too shallow here.” 

  • głęboko (“deeply”)

On jest głęboko wierzący

“He’s deeply religious.”

  • niezręcznie (“awkwardly”)

Zachowała się niezręcznie

“She behaved awkwardly.”

  • miło (“nice”)

Miło mi Cię poznać

“It’s nice to meet you.”

  • nerwowo (“nervously”)

Nerwowo poprawiła włosy

“She nervously rearranged her hair.”

  • nudno (“boring”)

Na lekcji było nudno

“The lesson was boring.”

a yawning man
  • ciekawie (“in an interesting way”)

Ciekawie opowiadał o historii

“He spoke about history in an interesting manner.”

  • koniecznie (“necessarily”)

Koniecznie mi o tym opowiedz

“You must tell me about it.”

  • długo (“long”)

Długo już czekamy

“We’ve been waiting long.” 

  • krótko (“shortly”)

Nie będzie mnie krótko

“I will be gone shortly.” (The meaning here is: “for a short time.”)

  • wysoko (“high”)

Czy trzeba się wysoko wspinać? 

“Do you need to climb high?”

  • nisko (“low”)

Samolot leci nisko

“The plane is flying low.”

  • drogo (“expensive”)

W tym sklepie jest drogo

“This shop is expensive.” (Literally: “It’s expensive in this shop.”)

  • tanio (“cheaply”)

Gdzie tanio kupić mleko sojowe? 

“Where can you buy soy milk cheaply?”

9. Final Thoughts

We hope you find this article helpful on your journey in learning about adverbs in Polish. Language blog posts like this one are here on PolishPod101.com to clearly explain complex grammar concepts to you. Speaking of, have you read our article on Polish conjugations and Polish pronouns yet?

PolishPod101 is much more than just another language blog, though! We have countless lessons and resources for you to learn Polish with ease. Our audio and video recordings with native speakers will keep you interested and entertained. Are you ready to polish your Polish? Start your free account with us today.

Don’t go yet! In the comments section, tell us what the comparative and superlative forms of the adverb zwyczajnie are, based on what you’ve learned today. Good luck!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Polish

Polish Verb Conjugation Rules for Beginners


Learning vocabulary is very important, but to improve your language skills, you need to know certain grammar rules too. For example, to be able to speak Polish properly, you have to learn the rules of Polish verb conjugation. 

You may be wondering what a verb conjugation is. Don’t worry! We’ve prepared this article so that even an absolute beginner can learn the basic Polish verb conjugation rules.

Let’s get started.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Polish Table of Contents
  1. Verb Conjugation: Introduction
  2. Conjugation Verb Groups
  3. The Conjugation of “To Be” in Polish
  4. Polish Verb Conjugation in the Past Tense
  5. Let’s Talk About the Future
  6. Polish Conjugation Practice
  7. Final Thoughts

1. Verb Conjugation: Introduction

A Girl in Glasses Holding a Tablet

When a verb is conjugated, it means that it has different forms, depending on certain factors. In Polish, these factors are: tense, aspect, mood, person, number, and grammatical gender. In the following sections, we’ll be going over each of these Polish language conjugation factors.

1- Tense

In modern Polish, there are three tenses:

  • The past tense (czas przeszły) — “I bought bread.” (Kupiłam chleb.)
  • The present tense (czas teraźniejszy) — “I’m eating breakfast.” (Jem śniadanie.) 

The present tense can also be used for talking about your daily routine in Polish

  • The future tense (czas przyszły) — “I’ll go away in a week.” (Wyjadę za tydzień.)

This is very different than English, which has an astonishing number of sixteen tenses. 

2- Aspect

Grammatical aspect is more prevalent in some languages than others. In Polish, there’s:

  • An imperfective (niedokonany) aspect, used for uncompleted actions and actions that are habitual. The imperfective aspect exists in the past, present, and future tenses.
  • A perfective (dokonany) aspect, used for completed actions. This one doesn’t exist in the present tense.

3- Mood

There are three moods in Polish:

  • The indicative mood, used for statements
  • The imperative mood, used for orders
  • The conditional mood, which refers to possibilities

Today, we’ll focus on the indicative mood.

4- Person and Number

Grammatical person and number go together in Polish verb conjugation. There are six grammatical persons and two numbers in Polish. Have a look at the chcieć (“to want”) Polish conjugation in the present tense:

ja chcę (“I want”)my chcemy (“we want”)
ty chcesz (“you want”)wy chcecie (“you want”)
on, ona, ono chce (“he, she, it wants”)oni, one chcą (“they want”)

It’s important to remember that the personal pronoun is often dropped in Polish. That’s because the form of the verb is enough to tell who the subject is. A pronoun is used only when it’s needed to avoid ambiguities. 

Compare these examples:

  • Chcę coś powiedzieć. (“I want to say something.”)

It’s clear that “I” is the subject because of the verb form.

  • Chce coś powiedzieć. (“[He/she/it] wants to say something.”)

In this case, we would add the appropriate pronoun to indicate who the subject is, unless it’s easy to guess from the context. For instance, you could be standing next to a man, in which case the subject would remain understandable and the pronoun could be omitted. 

5- Gender 

In the singular, Polish has three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. In the plural, there are two: masculine personal and non-masculine personal. For simplicity, we’ll be referring to the masculine personal gender as masculine, and the non-masculine gender as feminine. 

Gender can influence the form of the verb in some cases. The table above shows the conjugation of a verb in the present tense, where gender has no bearing. Nevertheless, there’s a number of cases where gender matters. For example, in the conditional mood and in the past tense.

Before we move on, keep in mind that this article focuses on Polish conjugation rules; if you’re looking for more verbs to learn, check out the resource 100 Most Common Polish Verbs for Beginners.  

2. Conjugation Verb Groups

A Notebook with Exercises

Polish conjugation patterns are grouped according to what the first and second person singular look like. There are four main conjugation groups, but certain sources mention as many as eleven. 

1- Conjugation I

The first Polish conjugation pattern uses the ending in the first person singular and -esz in the second person singular. Here’s the Polish conjugation table for the verb kopać, meaning “to kick” or “to dig”:

ja kopię (“I kick”)my kopiemy (“we kick”)
ty kopiesz (“you kick”)wy kopiecie (“you kick”)
on, ona, ono kopie (“he, she, it kicks”)oni, one kopią (“they kick”)

Example: Kopiemy czy nie? (“Are we digging or not?”)

Other verbs that conjugate according to this pattern include: 

  • pisać (“to write”)
    Piszę list. (“I’m writing a letter.”)
  • dawać (“to give”)
    Daję radę. (“I’m managing.”)
  • nieść (“to carry”)
    Niosę walizki. (“I’m carrying suitcases.”)
  • płakać (“to cry”)
    Nie płaczę. (“I’m not crying.”)

The examples above show you why you need to know the form of the first person singular to be able to predict the conjugation pattern. As you can see, the first person differs from the infinitive form in a way that’s difficult to predict. 

2- Conjugation II

Second conjugation verbs in the first person singular also end in . Fortunately, the second person singular with -isz and -ysz endings come in handy here in differentiating the two. Here’s a Polish verb conjugation table for the second group, using the verb robić, meaning “to do” or “to make”:

ja robię (“I do”)my robimy (“we do”)
ty robisz (“you do”)wy robicie (“you do”)
on, ona, ono robi (“he, she, it does”)oni, one robią (“they do”)

Example: Robię pranie. (“I’m doing the laundry.”)

Some other verbs that conjugate according to the second conjugation pattern are: 

  • płacić (“to pay”)
    Płacisz mi. (“You pay me.”)
  • ganić (“to scold”)
    Ganisz swoje dzieci? (“Do you scold your children?”)
  • wrócić (“to come back”)
    Wrócisz jutro? (“Will you come back tomorrow?”)
  • suszyć (“to dry”)
    Suszysz pranie w mieszkaniu? (“Are you drying your clothes at your flat?”)

3- Conjugation III

The third Polish conjugation pattern uses the ending -(a)m in the first person singular, and the ending -a(sz) in the second person singular. Have a look at this Polish conjugation table of the verb grać (“to play”):

ja gram (“I play”)my gramy (“we play”)
ty grasz (“you play”)wy gracie (“you play”)
on, ona, ono gra (“he, she, it plays”)oni, one gra (“they play”)

Example: Gram w tenisa. (“I play tennis.”)

Here are some additional verbs that follow the third conjugation pattern: 

  • czytać (“to read”)
    Czytam książkę. (“I’m reading a book.”)
  • mieć (“to have”)
    Nie mam dzieci. (“I don’t have children.”)
  • padać (“to fall”)
    Pada śnieg. (“It’s snowing.”) [literally: “Snow is falling.”]
  • wołać (“to call”) [when you want someone to come to you]
    Wołam Cię! (“I’m calling you!”)

4- Conjugation IV

The last Polish conjugation pattern uses -(e)m in the first person, and -(e)sz in the second person singular. Here’s a Polish verb conjugation table for the verb wiedzieć (“to know”):

ja wiem (“I know”)my wiemy (“we know”)
ty wiesz (“you know”)wy wiecie (“you know”)
on, ona, ono wie (“he, she, it knows”)oni, one wiedzą (“they know”)

Example: Wiesz kto to? (“Do you know who this is?”)

A Question Mark

The fourth conjugation group is the rarest one. Here are two more verbs conjugated according to this pattern: 

  • jeść (“to eat”)
    Jem obiad. (“I’m eating lunch.”)
  • umieć (“to know [how to do something]”)
    Umiem czytać. (“I can [know how to] read.”)

Remember that to know how to conjugate Polish verbs, you need the first (and preferably the second) form of the singular. 

3. The Conjugation of “To Be” in Polish

Top Verbs

The form of the first person singular in Polish often differs from the infinitive, but no form is as different as that of the irregular verb “to be.” Here’s a Polish conjugation table for być (“to be”) in the present tense:

ja jestem (“I am”)my jesteśmy (“we are”)
ty jesteś (“you are”)wy jesteście (“you are”)
on, ona, ono jest (“he, she, it is”)oni, one (“they are”)

Example: Jesteśmy szczęśliwi. (“We’re happy.”)

Perhaps not surprisingly, this verb in the past tense also has an unpredictable form. In the table below, you can find the right way to conjugate the Polish verb być in the feminine gender:

ja byłam (“I was”)my byłyśmy (“we were”)
ty byłaś (“you were”)wy byłyście (“you were”)
ona była (“she was”)one były (“they were”)

Example: Byłam na Ciebie zła. (“I was angry with you.”)

You can find the forms for the masculine gender below:

ja byłem (“I was”)my byliśmy (“we were”)
ty byłeś (“you were”)wy byliście (“you were”)
on był (“he, she, it was”)oni byli (“they were”)

The form for the third person singular ono (“it”) is było

Example: Byliśmy w domu. (“We were at home.”)

As you can see, the form for the Polish past tense conjugation is completely different. Now, let’s have a look at this verb in the future tense:

ja będę (“I will be”)my będziemy (“we will be”)
ty będziesz (“you will be”)wy będziecie (“you will be”)
on, ona, ono będzie (“he, she, it will be”)oni, one będą (“they will be”)

Example: Będziesz grzeczny? (“Will you be nice?”)

Remember to learn these forms by heart; it’s important to know how to conjugate the top ten Polish verbs, including this one. In fact, why don’t you learn with us the top 25 Polish verbs straight away? 

4. Polish Verb Conjugation in the Past Tense


The Polish past tense is useful for talking about past events and Polish history. What are the Polish verb conjugation rules for the past tense? We’ll have a look at some Polish verb conjugation tables, using the examples we’ve already discussed for the Polish present tense conjugations. The first conjugation table is applicable to feminine subjects:

ja kopałam (“I kicked”)my kopałyśmy (“we kicked”)
ty kopałaś (“you kicked”)wy kopałyście (“you kicked”)
ona kopała (“she kicked”)one kopały (“they kicked”)

Example: Kopałam piłkę. (“I was kicking the ball.”)

Masculine subjects require the following changes to their endings:

ja kopałem (“I kicked”)my kopaliśmy (“we kicked”)
ty kopałeś (“you kicked”)wy kopaliście (“you kicked”)
on kop (“he kicked”)oni kopali (“they kicked”)

Example: Kopaliście doły. (“You were digging holes.”)

The form for neuter in the third person singular would be kopało.

Example: Dziecko kopało psa. (“The child was kicking a dog.”)

Now, look at the forms of the verb “to do” (robić) for feminine subjects:

ja robiłam (“I did”)my robiłyśmy (“we did”)
ty robiłaś (“you did”)wy robiłyście (“you did”)
ona robiła (“she did”)one robiły (“they did”)

For masculine subjects, we’ll have the same changes as in the previous masculine examples:

ja robiłem (“I did”)my robiliśmy (“we did”)
ty robiłeś (“you did”)wy robiliście (“you did”)
on rob (“he did”)oni robili (“they did”)

The forms of the first person singular for grać (“to play”) are grałam and grałem for feminine and masculine subjects, respectively. For wiedzieć (“to know”), the forms are wiedziałam and wiedziałem. Can you predict the rest of the forms in the past tense? Let us know your answers in the comments’ section!

1- Perfective and Imperfective Aspects

We mentioned aspects in the introduction, but it’s important to understand how they work in practice. The English verb “to buy,” for instance, has two equivalents in Polish: kupić and kupować. Kupić is a perfective verb, while kupować is imperfective. Compare: 

  • Kupiłam chleb w tym sklepie. (“I bought bread in this shop.”) [female speaker]

It’s a completed, once-off action and an example of the perfective aspect.

  • Kupowałam chleb w tym sklepie. (“I used to buy/had been buying bread in this shop.”) [female speaker]

The action here is not defined as completed, but repetitive. Maybe I used to buy bread in this shop, or I had been buying it, until something happened. The point is that, in the past, I repeatedly bought bread in this shop.

Have a look at another possible use of the imperfective form: 

  • Kupowałam chleb w tym sklepie, gdy ktoś krzyknął. (“I was buying bread in this shop, when someone shouted.”) [female speaker]
Loaves of Bread in a Basket

As you can see, aspects are crucial in Polish. More often than not, there are (at least) two Polish verbs for one English one. How do you know which one is which? You have to learn it by heart. Fortunately, there are certain regularities, so you should be able to get the hang of it with practice. 

5. Let’s Talk About the Future

More Essential Verbs

Are you wondering how to conjugate Polish verbs in the future tense? There are three ways to form the future tense in Polish: one for the perfective verbs, and two for imperfective verbs. Now, let’s look at some examples of the conjugation of Polish verbs for future tense.

1- Perfective Verbs in the Future Tense

I have some good news for you! In the case of perfective endings, the forms are very easy to predict when you know the rules of the Polish present tense conjugation. 

We’ve already discussed the conjugation of the verb robić (“to do” and “to make”) in the present. It’s an imperfective verb, as it has a present form. Another verb for “to do” is zrobić in the perfective aspect. You can find the forms in the Polish conjugation table below:

ja zrobię (“I will do”)my zrobimy (“we will do”)
ty zrobisz (“you will do”)wy zrobicie (“you will do”)
on, ona, ono zrobi (“he, she, it will do”)oni, one zrobią (“they will do”)

You can see that the perfective verbs follow the same Polish conjugation patterns as verbs in the present tense. 

Example: Zrobimy dla Ciebie pierogi. (“We’ll make pierogi for you.”)

Can you eat Polish food? If you don’t know what pierogi are or whether you can eat them, you should certainly check out our lesson about the top 5 Polish dishes

2- Imperfective Verbs in the Future Tense

There are two Polish future tense conjugation patterns for perfective verbs. We’re going to have a look at the forms for robić again for ease of comparison. 

First of all, you should remember that the future forms for imperfective verbs need a “helping” verb. This is one of the forms of the Polish “to be” conjugation in the future, which we discussed earlier. Here are two conjugations of Polish verbs in the future tense for imperfective verbs:

ja będę robić (“I will do”)my będziemy robić (“we will do”)
ty będziesz robić (“you will do”)wy będziecie robić (“you will do”)
on, ona, ono będzie robić (“he, she, it will do”)oni, one będą robić (“they will do”)

The first version requires the infinitive form of the second verb, which makes it very easy to use. There’s no difference in how often this version is used compared to the second version, so the former is a better choice for beginners.

A Road Sign with

The second pattern requires changes to the second verb, and these changes depend on the subject’s gender. For feminine subjects, this conjugation looks like this:

ja będę robiła (“I will do”)my będziemy robiły (“we will do”)
ty będziesz robiła (“you will do”)wy będziecie robiły (“you will do”)
ona będzie robiła (“she will do”)one będą robiły (“they will do”)

For the masculine gender, the conjugation pattern changes to:

ja będę robił (“I will do”)my będziemy robili (“we will do”)
ty będziesz robił (“you will do”)wy będziecie robili (“you will do”)
on będzie robił (“he, she, it will do”)oni będą robili (“they will do”)

For neuter, the third person singular would be ono będzie robiło

6. Polish Conjugation Practice

Today you’ve learned how to conjugate in Polish. Now it’s time for a bit of language practice with our quick quiz: 

1. Ja (kupować) ____________ dziś mleko.   

“I bought milk today.” (male speaker)

    a) kupiłam
    b) kupię
    c) kupiłem
    d) kupić

2. On (grać) _____________ w piłkę nożną.

“I play football.” 

    a) wygram
    b) grałam
    c) gra
    d) grasz

3. My (być) _______________ Polakami. 

“We are Polish.”

    a) jestem
    b) jesteście
    c) jesteś
    d) jesteśmy

4. Ty (zrobić) ______________ sałatkę. 

“You’ll make a salad.”

    a) zrobię
    b) zrobimy
    c) zrobisz
    d) robicie

5. Oni (chcieć) _____________ spać. 

“They want to sleep.”

    a) chcą
    b) chcemy
    c) zrobimy
    d) chcę

Now think about the answers…

Keep scrolling…


1. Ja (kupować) __kupiłem___ dziś mleko.   

“I bought milk today.” (male speaker)

Ja is the first person singular, so we need that form for the past tense in the masculine gender.

    a) kupiłam – first person singular, past tense, feminine gender
    b) kupię – first person singular, future tense
    c) kupiłem – first person singular, past tense, masculine gender
    d) kupić – infinitive, imperfective aspect

2. On (grać) ____gra_________ w piłkę nożną.

“He plays football.” 

On is the third person singular, so we need the form of the present tense. 

    a) wygram – first person singular, future tense, the verb is wrong (wygrać)
    b) grałam – first person singular, past tense, feminine gender
    c) gra – third person singular, present tense
    d) grasz – second person singular, present tense

3. My (być) ___jesteśmy________ Polakami. 

“We are Polish.”

    a) jestem – first person singular, present tense
    b) jesteście – second person plural, present tense
    c) jesteś – second person singular, present tense
    d) jesteśmy – first person plural, present tense

4. Ty (zrobić) __zrobisz_____ sałatkę. 

“You’ll make a salad.”

Ty is the second person singular, so we need its form in the future tense. 

    a) zrobię – first person singular, future tense
    b) zrobimy – first person plural, future tense
    c) zrobisz – second person singular, future tense
    d) robicie – second person plural, present tense, wrong verb (robić)

5. Oni (chcieć) ____chcą_____  spać. 

“They want to sleep.”

Oni is the third person plural, so we need the form of the present tense. 

    a) chcąthird person plural, present tense
    b) chcemy – first person plural, present tense
    c) zrobimy – first person plural, future tense, wrong verb (zrobić)
    d) chcę – first person singular, present tense

7. Final Thoughts

Today, you’ve learned all about how to conjugate Polish verbs in the present, past, and future, taking into account numerous variables. 

Now that you know the grammar rules of the chcieć Polish conjugation and others, you may want to learn some additional verbs to expand your vocabulary. We recommend you check out this list of the Top 20 Polish Verbs

If you’re ever in doubt when it comes to the right form of the verb, don’t guess. Use an online conjugation tool such as cooljugator instead. 

We hope you found this resource helpful. If you want to get access to many more Polish learning tools and materials, start a free trial with PolishPod101. Learn the language with audio and video lessons featuring real teachers, use our word of the day service, and more!

Before you go, please remember to let us know how well you managed to do on the test in the comments section! 🙂

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Polish

The 100 Most Common Polish Verbs for Beginners


A verb is a crucial part of any sentence. Today, we’re going to introduce you to the most commonly used Polish verbs, the basic rules governing their placement in a sentence, and their conjugation. By the time you finish this article, you’ll be able to see massive progress in your Polish-speaking abilities! 
Other similarly useful articles you should have a look at are: 100 Adjectives (link) and 100 Nouns (link).

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Polish Table of Contents
  1. Using Polish Verbs in a Sentence
  2. Polish Verb Conjugation Rules
  3. Polish Verbs of Motion and Action
  4. Verbs for Talking About Feelings, Thoughts, and Preferences
  5. Polish Modal Verbs
  6. Final Thoughts

1. Using Polish Verbs in a Sentence 

A Person Writing on a Chalkboard

We’re not going to go into much detail, but it’s important that you understand certain concepts about Polish language verbs so that you can use them correctly.

A. Various Forms of Polish Verbs

Before we start introducing you to new Polish verbs, we’d like you to understand that they can have different forms. Polish verbs are modified depending on the:

  • Tense

There are three modern Polish verb tenses: the past tense (czas przeszły), the present tense (czas teraźniejszy), and the future tense (czas przyszły). For the purpose of this article, we’ll focus on one of the Polish verb tenses: the present tense. 

  • Aspect

There are two aspects in Polish: imperfective (niedokonany) referring to incomplete actions, and perfective (dokonany) referring to complete actions. 

  • Mood  

There are three moods of Polish verbs: indicative, imperative, and conditional. 

  • Person and Number

Each person, depending on the number, has a form of the verb attributed to it. This is why personal pronouns are often dropped in Polish. If you’d like to know more about Polish pronouns, we’ve written a whole article about them (link). 

Some verb forms differ depending on the gender of the person to whom the verb is referring. This is relevant, for example, when creating forms in the past tense. 

B. Verb Placement in a Sentence

Where do you place a verb in an affirmative sentence in Polish? It’s quite easy, as Polish uses a similar sentence structure as English:

Subject + Verb + Object (SVO)

  • “I’ve eaten a banana.”

Ja zjadłam banana

As we’ve mentioned before, pronouns in Polish are often dropped. This is why it would be more natural to get rid of the pronoun “I” (ja), and say:

  • Zjadłam banana.
a Bunch of Bananas

If you’re not a fan of bananas, find the name of your favorite fruit or vegetable on our food vocabulary list. Now, to form a question, we just have to add the word czy before this sentence:

  • “Have I eaten a banana?”

Czy zjadłam banana? 

While in English, you use different words depending on the context, such as “does,” “do,” and “did,” in Polish you always use czy. Czy is also often dropped, especially in speech:

  • Zjadłam banana? 

To learn more about questions in Polish, check out our list of “Top 25 Polish Questions You Need to Know.” 

2. Polish Verb Conjugation Rules 

Top Verbs

Verbs in Polish are conjugated and there are four conjugation groups. So how does Polish conjugation work?

Well, Polish verb conjugation rules are a bit different than those in many other languages. Namely, the verbs aren’t grouped according to the verbs’ endings. To know a conjugation pattern, you need at least the first-person singular. 

It may come in handy to have a Polish verbs PDF with conjugation patterns. You can create one by choosing “Print” and “Save as PDF” from your browser settings on this page. Here are three other ways to convert a webpage to PDF

A. Conjugation I

Have a look at the first conjugation. It’s defined by the form of the first-person singular ending in ę and the second-person singular ending in esz. We’ll use the verb pisać (“to write”) as an example in the Polish verb conjugation chart below:

ja piszę (“I write”)my piszemy (“we write”)
ty piszesz (“you write”)wy piszecie (“you write”)
On / ona / ono pisze (“he / she / it writes”)oni, one piszą (“they write”)
  • Ona pisze list

“She’s writing a letter.” 

Some other verbs that follow this conjugation pattern are: 

1- Nieść (“to carry”)

Niosę walizki

“I’m carrying the suitcases.” 

2- Kopać (“to kick”) or (“to dig”)

Kopię dół

“I’m digging a hole.”

3- Dawać (“to give”)

Dajemy prezent Annie

“We’re giving a present to Anna.”

4- Płakać (“to cry”)

Płaczę przez Ciebie

“I’m crying because of you.”

B. Conjugation II

The second conjugation is associated with different Polish verb endings: the first-person singular ending is ę and the second-person singular ending is isz or ysz. We’ll examine this by looking at the Polish verb conjugation table for płacić (“to pay”):

ja płacę (“I pay”)my płacimy (“we pay”)
ty płacisz (“you pay”)wy płacicie (“you pay”)
on / ona / ono płaci (“he / she / it pays”)oni, one płacą (“they pay”)
  • Ja płacę! 

“I’m paying!”

Two People Sitting at the Table in a Restaurant, One Person Asks for the Bill

Other verbs following the same conjugation pattern are: 

1- Ganić (“to scold”)

Dlaczego mnie ganisz? 

“Why are you scolding me?”

2- Suszyć (“to dry”)

Czy suszysz włosy? 

“Are you drying your hair?” 

3- Robić (“to do”)

No i co mi zrobisz? 

“And what will/can you do to me?”

4- Wrócić (“to come back”)

Nigdy nie wrócę! 

“I’ll never come back!”

C. Conjugation III

It’s time to learn more about the third conjugation pattern, where the first-person singular ends in -(a)m and the second-person singular in -(a)sz. Below, you’ll find the Polish verb conjugation table for czytać (“to read”): 

ja czytam (“I read”)my czytamy (“we read”)
ty czytasz (“you read”)wy czytacie (“you read”)
on / ona / ono czyta (“he / she / it reads”)oni, one czytają (“they read”)
  • Czytasz gazety? 

“Do you read newspapers?”

Other verbs following the same conjugation pattern include the following: 

1- Padać (“to fall”)

Pada deszcz

“It’s raining.” (Literally: “Rain is falling.”)

2- Grać (“to play”)

Gramy w bingo

“We’re playing bingo.” 

3- Mieć (“to have”)

Czy macie dzieci? 

“Do you have children?”

4- Wołać (“to call [someone to come])

Wołam i wołam! 

“I’m calling and calling!”

D. Conjugation IV

This is the fourth and final regular Polish verb conjugation you may encounter. The form of the first-person singular is -(e)m and the form of the second-person singular is -(e)sz. Have a look at its forms for the verb jeść (“to eat”):

ja jem (“I eat”)my jemy (“we eat”)
ty jesz (“you eat”)wy jecie (“you eat”)
on / ona / ono je (“he / she / it eats”)oni, one jedzą (“they eat”)
  • Jem gruszkę

“I’m eating a pear.”

Here are some other Polish verbs that fall under this pattern:

1- Umieć (“to know how to”)

Umiem liczyć

“I can count.” 

2- Wiedzieć (“to know”)

Wiem o Tobie sporo

“I know a lot about you.”

E. The Irregular Polish Verb “To Be”

The most important verb in any language, “to be,” is an example of an irregular Polish verb conjugation. To be (być) or not to be (czy nie być)? 

A Question Mark on a Birthday Cake

Find out in the table below:

ja jestem (“I am”)my jesteśmy (“we are”)
ty jesteś (“you are”)wy jesteście (“you are”)
on / ona / ono jest (“he / she / it is”)oni, one (“they are”)
  • Ona jest zła. 

“She’s angry.” 

The extremely important verb być is linked to a number of expressions. Click on the link to learn more about them. 

Are there any other Polish irregular verbs apart from the Polish verb “to be?” Yes and no. Most verbs that don’t follow a pattern from any Polish verb conjugation table we’ve included are only partial exceptions. A form, or forms, may be different, but the verb still mostly follows one of the conjugation patterns.

Polish verb conjugation rules require a lot of practice, but you can do it! If in doubt, you can always use one of the online conjugation resources, such as Cooljugator or Ba.bla, that give you a nice breakdown of forms according to Polish verb tenses and other variables.

3. Polish Verbs of Motion and Action

More Essential Verbs

To kick off our Polish verbs list, this is a category of Polish verbs that’s very important. Verbs of motion and action (as well as those indicating the lack thereof) are the most common verbs in any language. Here’s a list of the most important ones with examples:

Iść (“to go”)Idę do pracy
“I’m going to work.”
Chodzić (“to walk”)

This verb has many derivatives due to changes to the prefix. Click on the link to learn more about them.
Chodzę po domu
“I’m walking around the house.”
Skakać (“to jump”)Skaczesz wysoko
“You jump high.”
Biegać (“to run”)Biegam wolno
“I run slowly.”
Łapać (“to catch”)Łapię piłkę
“I’m catching the ball.”
Uderzać (“to hit”)Uderzasz w stół
“You’re hitting the table.”
Rzucać (“to throw”)Rzucę Ci piłkę
“I’ll throw the ball to you.”
Czekać (“to wait”)Czekasz na kogoś? 
“Are you waiting for someone?”
Rysować (“to draw”)Co rysujesz
“What are you drawing?”
Nalewać (“to pour”)Nalewasz nam soku
“You’re pouring us some juice.”
Ciągnąć (“to drag”) / (“to pull”)Ciągniesz za mocno. 
“You’re pulling too hard.”
Pchać (“to push”)Pcham wózek
“I’m pushing a trolley.”
Podnosić (“to lift”) / (“to raise”)Podnosisz głos niepotrzebnie
“You’re unnecessarily raising your voice.”
Odłożyć (“to put down”)Odłożę to na miejsce
“I’ll put it in its place.”
Zamknąć (“to close”)Czy zamkniesz drzwi? 
“Will you close the door?”
Otworzyć (“to open”)Otworzyłam słoik
“I’ve opened a jar.”
Trzymać (“to hold”)Trzymasz psa? 
“Are you holding the dog?”
Stać (“to stand”)Stoję w kolejce
“I’m standing in a queue.”
Siedzieć (“to sit”)Siedzisz przy stole. 
“You sit at the table.”
Klaskać (“to clap”)Klaszczę do rytmu
“I’m clapping to the beat.”
Tańczyć (“to dance”)Czy tańczysz tango? 
“Do you dance tango?”
Machać (“move [in slang]”) / (“wave [with a hand]”)Leżeć (“to lie down”)Leżę na podłodze
“I’m lying down on the floor.”
Pić (“to drink”)Piję colę
“I’m drinking a Coke.”
Gotować (“to cook”)Gotujesz kolację
“You’re cooking dinner.”
Przygotowywać (“to prepare”)Przygotowujesz konia? 
“Are you preparing the horse?”
Budzić się (“to wake up”)Budzę się rano. 
“I wake up in the morning.”
Malować (“to paint”)Maluję obraz
“I’m painting (a painting).”
Narzekać (“to complain”)Ciągle narzekasz
“You’re complaining all the time.”
Latać (“to fly”)Dokąd lecisz
“Where are you flying to?”
Wspinać się (“to climb”)Wspinam się po górach
“I climb mountains.”
Przyjść (“to come”)Rozciągasz się po jodze. 
“You’re stretching after yoga.”
Przyjść (“to come”)Czy przyjdziesz jutro? 
“Will you come tomorrow?”
Uciekać (“to run away”)Nie uciekam
“I’m not running away.”
Wyjść (“to go out”) / (“to leave”)Zaraz wyjdę z domu
“I’ll leave the house in a minute.”
Zostać (“to stay”)Zostajesz w szkole
“You’re staying at school.”
Oglądać (“to watch”)Oglądam telewizję.
“I watch TV.”
Wąchać (“to smell”)Wącham kwiaty. 
“I’m smelling the flowers.”
Czyścić (“to clean”)Czyszczę podłogę. 
“I’m cleaning the floor.”
Próbować (“to try”) / (“to taste”)Spróbujesz zupy? 
“Will you taste the soup?”
Bawić się (“to play”)Bawię się z dziećmi. 
“I’m playing with the kids.”
Pytać (“to ask”)Pytam go o zdanie. 
“I’m asking him about his opinion.”
Odpowiedzieć (“to answer”)Odpowiesz na moje pytanie? 
“Will you answer my question?”
Mówić (“to speak”)Mówię powoli. 
“I speak slowly.”
Opowiadać (“to tell”)Opowiadam historię. 
“I’m telling a story.”

https://wordlist.languagepod101.com/wordlist/media/17388&v=medium.jpg (a list of verbs)

All of these Polish motion verbs examples are either in the first- or second-person singular so that you know which conjugation they’re likely to follow. If you would like a Polish verbs PDF, you can click “Print” on your browser and “Save as PDF” to have access to the article whenever you need it.

4. Verbs for Talking About Feelings, Thoughts, and Preferences

Negative Verbs

More useful Polish verbs are those used for talking about feelings, thoughts, and preferences. This section will cover the top Polish verbs you should know to talk about these subjects! 

Tell Me About Your Feelings in Polish

Here’s a number of useful verbs for talking about your feelings, both positive and negative, in Polish: 

Positive feelings:
Lubić (“to like”)Lubię psy
“I like dogs.”
Kochać (“to love”)Kochasz mnie? 
“Do you love me?”
Uwielbiać (“to adore”)Uwielbiam festiwale filmowe! 
“I love film festivals!”
Przepadać (“to really like”)Przepadam za teatrem
“I really like theatre.”
Cieszyć się (“to be happy [for]”)Cieszysz się? 
“Are you happy?”
Uśmiechać się (“to smile”)Uśmiecham się często
“I smile often.”
Śmiać się (“to laugh”)Lubię, gdy się śmiejesz
“I like when you laugh.”
Zakochać się (“to fall in love”)Zakocham się
“I’ll fall in love.”
Podziwiać (“to admire”)Podziwiam Cię! 
“I admire you.”
Dogadywać się (“to get on well”)(Dobrze) dogaduję się z nim
“I get on well with him.” 

“Well” (dobrze) is often added for emphasis.
Czuć (“to feel”)Czujesz to? 
“Do you feel it?”
Woleć (“to prefer”)Wolę zostać w domu. 
“I prefer to stay home.”
Interesować się (“to be interested in”)Interesuję się dinozaurami. 
“I’m interested in dinosaurs.”
Pasjonować się (“to have a passion for”)On pasjonuje się historią. 
“He’s passionate about history.”
Negative feelings:
Nienawidzić (“to hate”)Nienawidzę jej! 
“I hate her!”
Bać się (“to be scared of”)Boisz się? 
“Are you scared?”
Złościć się (“to get angry”)Złoszczę się bez powodu
“I get angry without a reason.”
Kłócić się (“to have arguments”)Kłócisz się z ojcem? 
“Do you have arguments with (your) father?”
Denerwować się (“to be nervous about”)Denerwuję się trochę
“I’m a bit nervous about it.”
Brzydzić się (“to detest”) / (“to be disgusted by”)Brzydzisz się karaluchów? 
“Are you disgusted by cockroaches?”
Wyśmiewać się (“to laugh at”)Wyśmiewasz się ze mnie
“You’re laughing at me.”
Wstydzić się (“to be ashamed”) / (“to be embarrassed”)Wstydzę się
“I’m ashamed of myself.”
Czerwienić się (“to blush”)Czy często się czerwienisz
“Do you blush often?”
Zazdrościć (“to be jealous”) / (“to envy”)Naprawdę mi zazdrościsz
“Do you really envy me?”
Żałować (“to regret”)Nie żałuję tego. 
“I don’t regret it.”
Martwić się (“to worry”)Za dużo się martwisz.  
“You worry too much.”
A Person Saying

We’ve only included negative verbs that are verbs in their own right. To express a negative feeling, you can also simply use the negation nie (“no”):

  • Nie lubię truskawek

“I don’t like strawberries.”

That’s a lot of useful Polish verbs, right? 

What Do You Think About It?

Expressing your thoughts and opinions in Polish is important for effective communication. Here’s a number of essential Polish verbs that will come in handy when doing that: 

Myśleć (“to think”)Myślę, więc jestem
“I think, therefore I am.”
Sądzić (“to reckon”)Sądzisz, że on to zrobił? 
“Do you reckon he was the one who did it?”
Wierzyć (“to believe”)Wierzę, że to nieprawda
“I believe that it’s not true.”
Wątpić (“to doubt”)Wątpisz w moje słowa? 
“Do you doubt my words?”
Zgadzać się (“to agree”)Nie zgadzam się z Tobą. 
“I disagree with you.”
Zgadywać (“to guess”)Zgaduję, nie wiem na pewno. 
“I’m guessing, I don’t know for sure.”

5. Polish Modal Verbs

The last category of Polish verbs we’ll discuss today are modal verbs. They’re most often used in conjunction with another verb in the infinitive form.

Móc (“can”) / (“to be able to”)Mogę Ci pomóc.  
“I can help you.”
Musieć (“have to”) / (“must”)Musisz coś zrobić! 
“You must/have to do something.”
Chcieć (“to want”)Chcę iść do kina
“I want to go to the cinema.”
Powinno się (“should”)Powinnam pójść do lekarza. 
“I should go to the doctor.”

As you can see in the table, you only conjugate the modal verb. 

6. Final Thoughts

When you’ve just started learning a language, memorizing the most important Polish verbs is a great idea. Even if you don’t always know the correct forms, people will often be able to understand what you mean from the context. There are two other lists on PolishPod101 that you can use to learn the main verbs in Polish: 25 Most Commonly Used Verbs for Any Language and 50 Most Common Verbs
With PolishPod101, you can learn much more than just the verbs. Get your free lifetime account today and start exploring countless audio and video lessons with real teachers. We offer you more than 160 hours of learning, and the best part is that you can use this language-learning tool wherever you go.

One more thing before you close your browser: What’s your favorite Polish verb? Did we miss any important ones? Let us know in the comments section!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Polish

Time in Poland: Expressions to Tell the Time in Polish


What time is it in Poland right now? Depending on your time zone, you may have to add or subtract hours to find this out, because this Eastern European country is in the GMT+2 time zone. 

Knowing the time in Poland allows you to be punctual for meetings and events, but to communicate effectively, you also need to know how to tell the time in Polish. Fortunately for you, we’ve prepared this resource to help you learn everything you need to know about it.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Polish Table of Contents
  1. Asking for the Time in Polish
  2. Hours in Polish
  3. Minutes in Polish
  4. Polish Clock Time: “Half” and “Quarter”
  5. General Time References
  6. Adverbs of Time
  7. Idiomatic Expressions, Proverbs, and Sayings
  8. Final Thoughts

1. Asking for the Time in Polish

Man Checking His Watch

When you live in Poland or visit the country for a holiday or vacation, you may be approached by a stranger asking you for the time. You don’t want to be caught off-guard in this situation. Here’s some indispensable vocabulary to help you know when someone is asking you for the time—or when you want to know the current time in Polish yourself! 

  • Która godzina? 

What time is it?

While this is the most common expression to ask about the time, godzina actually means “hour.” The word for “time” in Polish is czas

  • Przepraszam, czy wiesz która jest godzina? 

“Excuse me, do you know what time it is?” [Informal]

In the informal context, we use the second person singular of the verb wiedzieć (“to know”), which is wiesz (“you know”).

  • Przepraszam Panią, czy wie Pani, która jest godzina? 

“Excuse me, do you know what time it is?” [Formal, to a woman]

In the formal context, we use the third person singular of the same verb (wie – “he/she/it knows”) with the right form of the noun Pani (“Ma’am”) when dealing with a woman or Pan (“Sir”) when dealing with a man: 

  • Przepraszam Pana, czy wie Pan, która jest godzina? 

“Excuse me, do you know what time it is?”

There’s also another Polish expression used to ask about time: Czy masz zegarek? It translates literally as “Do you have a watch?” Remember that there’s a difference between the word “watch” (zegarek) and “clock” in Polish (zegar). 

Sometimes you have to ask about the time in a specific context, such as when you want to know what time an event or a meeting will take place. It’s important to be on time in Poland, and especially important not to be late for work as Polish people are pretty strict about it.

  • O której jest? 

“What time is…?”


“…the meeting?”

Twoja randka? 

“…your date?”


“…the party?”

How do you tell someone the current time or the time of an event that’s yet to come? You’ll find out in the next section. If you’d like to know survival phrases related to time, such as “What time does the museum open?“, spend some time exploring PolishPod101. 

2. Hours in Polish 

An Alarm Clock

Although in Polish, both the twelve-hour clock and the twenty-four-hour clock are used, the twenty-four-hour clock is preferred in formal communication. Let’s first focus on the twelve-hour clock, which is used in many English-speaking countries. 

1- Twelve-hour Clock 

Does six o’clock mean six o’clock in the morning in Polish, or in the evening? As you can see, using the twelve-hour clock may cause confusion. This is why, when the context isn’t clear, you should clarify what time of day you mean by adding certain expressions, similar to A.M. and P.M. in English: 

  • Dwunasta 

“12 o’clock”

  • Dwunasta w nocy / Północ 

“Twelve at night” / “Midnight”

  • Dwunasta w południe / Południe 

“12 P.M.” / “Midday” / “Noon”

Both “midnight” and “midday” are an exception to the rule, but otherwise, the way to say A.M. and P.M. in Polish is predictable. 

  • Pierwsza 

“1 o’clock”

  • Pierwsza rano 

“1 A.M.

  • Pierwsza po południu 

“1 P.M.

The next hours follow the same pattern as “1 o’clock.” So to express “A.M.,” we add rano after the name of the hour; to express “P.M.,” we add po południu.

  • Druga 

“2 o’clock”

  • Trzecia 

“3 o’clock”

  • Czwarta 

“4 o’clock”

  • Piąta 

“5 o’clock”

From six P.M. onwards, you don’t say szósta po południu, but szósta wieczorem meaning “6 in the evening”: 

  • Szósta 

“6 o’clock”

  • Szósta wieczorem 

“6 P.M.”

The pattern of saying “in the evening” in Polish continues for the remaining hours:

  • Siódma 

“7 o’clock”

  • Ósma 

“8 o’clock”

  • Dziewiąta 

“9 o’clock”

  • Dziesiąta 

“10 o’clock”

  • Jedenasta 

“11 o’clock”

How do you use them in a sentence? It’s very simple. Have a look: 

  • Która jest godzina w Polsce? 

“What is the time in Poland?”

  • Jest jedenasta rano. 

It’s 11 A.M.”

  • Jest ósma wieczorem. 

It’s 8 P.M.”

In other words, we simply use the conjugated verb jest and add the hour with or without the indicator for A.M./P.M. Just like in English, in Polish, people often use numbers instead of full written words (e.g. for “7 A.M.” they’d write 7 rano instead of siódma rano). 

2- Twenty-four-hour clock

A Hand Reaching for An Alarm Clock

Talking about the time using the twenty-four-hour clock is much simpler. It’s also less confusing as there are twenty-four hours in a day. When you name one of these hours, there’s no doubt what you mean:

  • Która godzina? 

“What time is it?”

  • Jest… 


północ – 00:00 – “midnight”

pierwsza – 01:00 – “…1 A.M.”

…druga – 02:00 – “…2 A.M.”

trzecia – 03:00 – “…3 A.M.”

czwarta – 04:00 – “…4 A.M.”

piąta – 05:00 – “…5 A.M.”

szósta – 06:00 – “…6 A.M.”

siódma – 07:00 – “…7 A.M.”

ósma – 08:00 – “8 A.M.”

dziewiąta – 09:00 – “9 A.M.”

dziesiąta – 10:00 – “10 A.M.”

…jedenasta – 11:00 – “11 A.M.”

…dwunasta – 12:00 – “12 P.M.”

…trzynasta – 13:00 – “1 P.M.”

…czternasta – 14:00 – “2 P.M.”

…piętnasta – 15:00 – “3 P.M.”

…szesnasta – 16:00 – “4 P.M.”

…siedemnasta – 17:00 – “5 P.M.”

…osiemnasta – 18:00 – “6 P.M.”

dziewiętnasta – 19:00 – “7 P.M.”

dwudziesta – 20:00 – “8 P.M.”

dwudziesta pierwsza – 21:00 – “9 P.M.”

dwudziesta druga – 22:00 – “10 P.M.”

dwudziesta trzecia – 23:00 – “11 P.M.”

dwudziesta czwarta – 24:00 – “12 A.M.” 

The last expression is only acceptable in speech. In writing, you’d use the word at the beginning of the list: północ for “midnight.” 

3- Useful Expressions

Here’s a handful of useful expressions and examples of how to use them, so that you can do a bit more than just saying the time in Polish.

  • Jest już piąta po południu.

“It’s already 5 o’clock!”

  • Nie ma jeszcze czwartej. 

“It’s not 4 o’clock (yet).” 

  • Już prawie dwudziesta pierwsza

“It’s almost 9 P.M.” 

3. Minutes in Polish

A Timer

“A minute” in Polish is minuta. Using the hours and minutes together will allow you to give someone the exact time in Polish.

Let’s look at how to write time in Polish a few different ways:

  • Jest… 






If you don’t know the numbers in Polish well yet, study the numbers from 1-10 and 11-10:

  • Jest jedenasta trzydzieści osiem. 

“It’s eleven thirty-eight.”  

That reminds me of one special way of telling time in Poland. Since 1936, a “speaking clock” (zegarynka) has been telling time in Polish to everyone who calls a special number (19226).  

1- Using “Past” and “To” with Minutes

It’s useful to know how to use “past” (po) and “to” (za) when telling the time in Polish. The following examples show you how to use these words while answering the question: “What’s the current time in Poland?”:

  • Jest dwanaście po trzeciej.

“It’s 12 past 3.”

  • Jest dwadzieścia dwie po drugiej.

“It’s 22 past 2.”

Are you wondering why you see the word trzeciej instead of trzecia, and drugiej instead of druga? This is because nouns in Polish have cases. You can find out more about them by visiting the lesson Painless Polish Grammar.

After “half past,” we start to use “to” (za): 

  • Jest za dwadzieścia dwunasta

“It’s 20 to 12.” 

If we were to translate it literally, it’d be “It’s in 20 (minutes) 12.” It makes no sense in English, but shows you that the structure of how to say time in Polish with za and minutes is:

Za (“to”) + number of minutes “missing” + the upcoming hour 

Here’s another example: 

  • Jest za pięć ósma

“It’s 5 to 8.” (Or in literal translation “It’s in 5 [minutes] 8.”)

Did you notice that there’s no need to say what time of day it is? It’s because with conversations about the exact time, the context is almost certainly understandable for both speakers. 

2- Useful Expressions with “Minute”

“A minute” in Polish, just like in English, is used in a number of idiomatic expressions. You’ll find them below:

  • Potrzebna mi jeszcze minutka

“I need one more minute.”  

  • Czy masz minutę?

“Do you have a minute?”

Another way of saying the same thing is Czy masz chwilę? (“Do you have a spare moment?”)  

  • Zabierze Ci to dwie minuty. 

“It’ll take you two minutes.”

4. Polish Clock Time: “Half” and “Quarter”

A Close-up of Hands with One Touching a Watch

To become a pro in telling time in Polish, you need to acquire skills to talk about “halves” and “quarters.” 

1- Quarter Past and To

The good news is that you already know how to say: 

  • Jest dziewiąta piętnaście.

“It’s 9:15.”

  • Jest piętnaście po trzeciej.

“It’s 15 past 3.”

  • Jest za piętnaście czwarta.

“It’s 15 to 4.”

You can express the same idea by mentioning a “quarter” (kwadrans):

  • Jest kwadrans po drugiej. 

“It’s a quarter past two.” 

  • Jest za kwadrans dwunasta. 

“It’s a quarter to 12.” 

That wasn’t too difficult, was it? I have no idea why the BBC in the article 10 Facts about the Polish Language claims it’s one of the most difficult languages in the world to learn… 

2- Half Past and To

You also already know how to say “half past.” We covered this topic earlier on, but here’s a reminder on how to answer the question “What is the time in Poland?”: 

  • Jest trzynasta trzydzieści. 

“It’s 13:30.”

It’s also possible to say that thirty minutes are “missing” before a certain hour. In English there’s no such thing, but try to think about it as “half to.” To say “It’s 13:30” in this manner, you’d say: 

  • Jest w pół do drugiej. 

Literally: “It’s half to two.”

After jest, you need to add w pół do (“half to”) and the hour that’s about to come. Have a look at another example:

  • Jest w pół do czwartej. 

“It’s half past three.” (Literally: “It’s half to four.”)

I know it’s a new idea, but with some practice you’ll get the hang of it!

5. General Time References


You already know that to say A.M. in Polish, we add rano to the hour. You also know that to say P.M. in Polish, we use po południu until five o’clock, and wieczorem from six o’clock onwards. There are also other time references that are useful when you’re trying to learn time in Polish:

wcześnie rano“early in the morning
wschód Słońca“sunrise”
wczesne popołudnie“early in the afternoon
zachód Słońca“sunset”

Here you can see the above-mentioned expressions used in sentences:

  • Wstaję wcześnie rano. 

“I wake up early in the morning.”

  • Oglądam wschód Słońca. 

“I watch the sunrise.” Noqw  Poland. For instance, in the morning, you should greet people by saying Dzień Dobry (“Good morning”) and in the evening you say Dobry wieczór (“Good evening”).

Would you like to learn more about this topic? Check out the lessons Saying Hello No Matter the Time of Day in Polish and Polish Farewells on PolishPod101. 

1- Weeks, Months, and Years

You know how to talk about specific parts of the day and how to answer the question “What time is it in Poland?”, but you should also learn other expressions referring to longer periods of time: 

tydzień — “week”

  • Tydzień to 7 dni. 

A week is 7 days.”

miesiąc — “month”  

  • Miesiąc to 30 lub 31 dni.

A month is 30 or 31 days.”

rok — “year”

  • Rok to 12 miesięcy.

A year is 12 months.”

Knowing how to tell time in Polish and how to ask for it are important skills, but it’s equally important for you to be able to talk about dates. If you don’t know how to do it yet, read our article about reading dates in Polish.

6. Adverbs of Time

Improve Listening

Adverbs of time are used to indicate when something happened or how long it lasted. They include the following: 

  • Mam czas teraz.

“I have time now.”

  • Obecnie jestem w Warszawie.

Currently I’m in Warsaw.”

  • Urodzili się w tym samym czasie.

“They were born at the same time.”

  • Piję kawę po śniadaniu.

“I drink coffee after breakfast.”

  • Jem śniadanie przed pracą.

“I eat breakfast before work.”

  • Niedługo skończę.

“I’ll finish soon.”

  • Wyjeżdżam na długi czas.

“I’m going away for a long time.”

  • Zrób to tak szybko jak to możliwe.

“Do it as soon as possible.”

7. Idiomatic Expressions, Proverbs, and Sayings

Basic Questions

You’ve mastered the skills you need to chat about the Polish clock time. Well done! Now, it’s time to learn a number of idiomatic expressions, proverbs, and sayings to enrich your Polish vocabulary.  

1- Idiomatic Expressions Related to Time

  • Marnujesz czas.

“You’re wasting your time.”

  • To strata czasu.

“It’s a waste of time.”

  • Nie ma czasu do stracenia.

“There’s no time to waste.”

There are also two Polish equivalents for “It’s high time…” (Najwyższy czas… and Najwyższa pora…):

  • Najwyższy czas/Najwyższa pora na naukę polskich przysłów.

“It’s high time to learn Polish proverbs.”

2- Proverbs and Sayings Related to Time

A Person with Multiple Arms, Holding Different Objects including an Alarm Clock

What English proverbs and sayings related to time are also used in Polish? Let’s have a look:

  • Czas to pieniądz.

“Time is money.”

  • Jak ten czas leci! / Ale ten czas leci! 

“Time flies.”

  • Czas leczy wszystkie rany. 

“Time heals all wounds.”

  • Komu w drogę, temu czas.

Roughly translated as “It’s time to go.” 

This proverb means that the faster you start doing something, the faster you’ll finish. 

  • Nie czas żałować róż, gdy płoną lasy. 

This proverb translates as “Don’t cry over roses, when the forest is on fire.” 

This is a reminder of priorities and the need to focus on the biggest problem first. 

8. Final Thoughts

We hope that you’ve enjoyed learning about telling the time in Polish. You’ll have no problems answering the question “What is the time in Poland?”, giving people the exact time in Polish, or asking them about the time if you forget your watch. You’ve also memorized a number of useful expressions related to time. 

If you want to become more confident in your Polish skills, get a free account with PolishPod101. It’s an amazing opportunity to practice the language by listening to real life dialogue with native speakers on a platform available 24/7.  

Don’t forget to let us know what time it is where you are right now, in Polish. In case you have any questions, don’t be shy. We’re here for you!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Polish

Essential Vocabulary for Life Events in Polish


What is the most defining moment you will face this year? From memories that you immortalize in a million photographs, to days you never wish to remember, one thing’s for certain: big life events change you. The great poet, Bukowski, said, “We are here to laugh at the odds and live our lives so well, that death will tremble to take us.” The older I get, the more I agree with him!

Talking about significant events in our lives is part of every person’s journey, regardless of creed or culture. If you’re planning to stay in Poland for more than a quick visit, you’re sure to need at least a few ‘life events’ phrases that you can use. After all, many of these are shared experiences, and it’s generally expected that we will show up with good manners and warm wishes.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Polish
Table of Contents

  1. Life Events
  2. Marriage Proposal Lines
  3. Talking About Age
  4. Conclusion

1. Life Events

Do you know how to say “Happy New Year” in Polish? Well, the New Year is a pretty big deal that the whole world is in on! We celebrate until midnight, make mindful resolutions, and fill the night sky with the same happy words in hundreds of languages. No doubt, then, that you’ll want to know how to say it like a local!

Big life events are not all about fun times, though. Real life happens even when you’re traveling, and certain terminology will be very helpful to know. From talking about your new job to wishing your neighbors “Merry Christmas” in Polish, here at PolishPod101, we’ve put together just the right vocabulary and phrases for you.

1- Birthday – urodziny

If you’re like me, any excuse to bring out a pen and scribble a note is a good one. When there’s a birthday, even better: hello, handwriting!

Your Polish friend will love hearing you wish them a “Happy birthday” in Polish, but how much more will they appreciate a thoughtful written message? Whether you write it on their Facebook wall or buy a cute card, your effort in Polish is sure to get them smiling! Write it like this:

Wszystkiego najlepszego

Older Woman Blowing Out Candles on a Birthday Cake Surrounded by Friends.

Now that you know the words, I challenge you to put them to music and sing your own “Happy birthday” song in Polish! It’s not impossible to figure out even more lyrics, once you start discovering the language from scratch.

2- Buy – kupować

If there’s a special occasion, you might want to buy somebody a gift. As long as you’ve checked out Polish etiquette on gift-giving (do a Google search for this!), it will be a lovely gesture. If you’re not sure what to buy, how about the awesome and universally-appealing gift of language? That’s a gift that won’t stop giving!

Two Women at a Counter in a Bookstore, One Buying a Book

3- Retire – przechodzić na emeryturę

If you’re planning to expand your mind and retire in Poland, you can use this word to tell people why you seem to be on a perpetual vacation!

Retirement is also a great time to learn a new language, don’t you think? And you don’t have to do it alone! These days it’s possible to connect to a vibrant learning community at the click of a button. The added benefit of a Daily Dose of Language is that it keeps your brain cells alive and curious about the world. After all, it’s never too late to realize those long-ignored dreams of traveling the globe…

4- Graduation – ukończenie szkoły

When attending a graduation ceremony in Poland, be prepared for a lot of formal language! It will be a great opportunity to listen carefully and see if you can pick up differences from the everyday Polish you hear.

Lecturer or University Dean Congratulating and Handing Over Graduation Certificate to a Young Man on Graduation Day.

5- Promotion – awans

Next to vacation time, receiving a promotion is the one career highlight almost everyone looks forward to. And why wouldn’t you? Sure, it means more responsibility, but it also means more money and benefits and – the part I love most – a change of scenery! Even something as simple as looking out a new office window would boost my mood.

6- Anniversary – rocznica

Some anniversaries we anticipate with excitement, others with apprehension. They are days marking significant events in our lives that can be shared with just one person, or with a whole nation. Whether it’s a special day for you and a loved one, or for someone else you know, this word is crucial to know if you want to wish them a happy anniversary in Polish.

7- Funeral – pogrzeb

We tend to be uncomfortable talking about funerals in the west, but it’s an important conversation for families to have. Around the world, there are many different customs and rituals for saying goodbye to deceased loved ones – some vastly different to our own. When traveling in Poland, if you happen to find yourself the unwitting observer of a funeral, take a quiet moment to appreciate the cultural ethos; even this can be an enriching experience for you.

8- Travel – podróżować

Travel – my favorite thing to do! Everything about the experience is thrilling and the best cure for boredom, depression, and uncertainty about your future. You will surely be forever changed, fellow traveler! But you already know this, don’t you? Well, now that you’re on the road to total Polish immersion, I hope you’ve downloaded our IOS apps and have your Nook Book handy to keep yourself entertained on those long bus rides.

Young Female Tourist with a Backpack Taking a Photo of the Arc de Triomphe

9- Graduate – skończyć szkołę

If you have yet to graduate from university, will you be job-hunting in Poland afterward? Forward-looking companies sometimes recruit talented students who are still in their final year. Of course, you could also do your final year abroad as an international student – an amazing experience if you’d love to be intellectually challenged and make a rainbow of foreign friends!

10- Wedding – ślub

One of the most-loved traditions that humans have thought up, which you’ll encounter anywhere in the world, is a wedding. With all that romance in the air and months spent on preparations, a wedding is typically a feel-good affair. Two people pledge their eternal love to each other, ladies cry, single men look around for potential partners, and everybody has a happy day of merrymaking.

Ah, but how diverse we are in our expression of love! You will find more wedding traditions around the world than you can possibly imagine. From reciting love quotes to marrying a tree, the options leave no excuse to be boring!

Married Couple During Reception, Sitting at Their Table While a Young Man Gives a Wedding Speech

11- Move – przeprowadzać się

I love Poland, but I’m a nomad and tend to move around a lot, even within one country. What are the biggest emotions you typically feel when moving house? The experts say moving is a highly stressful event, but I think that depends on the circumstances. Transitional periods in our lives are physically and mentally demanding, but changing your environment is also an exciting adventure that promises new tomorrows!

12- Be born – urodzić się

I was not born in 1993, nor was I born in Asia. I was born in the same year as Aishwarya Rai, Akon, and Monica Lewinsky, and on the same continent as Freddy Mercury. When and where were you born? More importantly – can you say it in Polish?

13- Get a job – dostać pracę

The thought of looking for a job in a new country can be daunting, but English speakers are in great demand in Poland – you just have to do some research, make a few friends and get out there! Also, arming yourself with a few Polish introductions that you can both say and write will give you a confidence boost. For example, can you write your name in Polish?

Group of People in Gear that Represent a Number of Occupations.

14- Die – umrzeć

Death is a universal experience and the final curtain on all other life events. How important is it, then, to fully live before we die? If all you have is a passport, a bucket list, and a willingness to learn some lingo, you can manifest those dreams!

15- Home – dom

If home is where the heart is, then my home is on a jungle island completely surrounded by the turquoise ocean. Right now, though, home is an isolation room with a view of half a dry palm tree and a tangle of telephone wires.

If you’re traveling to Poland for an extended stay, you’ll soon be moving into a new home quite unlike anything you’ve experienced before!

Large, Double-Story House with Lit Windows.

16- Job – praca

What job do you do? Does it allow you much time for travel, or for working on this fascinating language that has (so rightfully) grabbed your attention? Whatever your job, you are no doubt contributing to society in a unique way. If you’re doing what you love, you’re already on the road to your dream. If not, just remember that every single task is one more skill to add to your arsenal. With that attitude, your dream job is coming!

17- Birth – narodziny

Random question: do you know the birth rate of Poland?

If you’re lucky enough to be invited to see a friend’s baby just after they are born, you’ll have all my respect and all my envy. There is nothing cuter! Depending on which part of the country you’re in, you may find yourself bearing witness to some pretty unexpected birth customs. Enjoy this privilege!

Crying Newborn Baby Held By a Doctor or Nurse in a Hospital Theatre

18- Engaged – zaręczać się

EE Cummings said, “Lovers alone wear sunlight,” and I think that’s most true at the moment she says “yes.” Getting engaged is something young girls dream of with stars in their eyes, and it truly is a magical experience – from the proposal, to wearing an engagement ring, to the big reveal!

In the world of Instagram, there’s no end to the antics as imaginative couples try more and more outrageous ways to share their engagement with the world. I love an airport flashmob, myself, but I’d rather be proposed to on a secluded beach – salt, sand, and all!

Engagement customs around the world vary greatly, and Poland is no exception when it comes to interesting traditions. Learning their unique romantic ways will inspire you for when your turn comes.

Speaking of romance, do you know how to say “Happy Valentine’s Day” in Polish?

19- Marry – pobierać się

The one you marry will be the gem on a shore full of pebbles. They will be the one who truly mirrors your affection, shares your visions for the future, and wants all of you – the good, the bad and the inexplicable.

From thinking up a one-of-a-kind wedding, to having children, to growing old together, finding a twin flame to share life with is quite an accomplishment! Speaking of which…

2. Marriage Proposal Lines

Marriage Proposal Lines

Ah, that heart-stopping moment when your true love gets down on one knee to ask for your hand in marriage, breathlessly hoping that you’ll say “Yes!” If you haven’t experienced that – well, it feels pretty darn good, is all I can say! If you’re the one doing the asking, though, you’ve probably had weeks of insomnia agonizing over the perfect time, location and words to use.

Man on His Knee Proposing to a Woman on a Bridge.

How much more care should be taken if your love is from a different culture to yours? Well, by now you know her so well, that most of it should be easy to figure out. As long as you’ve considered her personal commitment to tradition, all you really need is a few words from the heart. Are you brave enough to say them in Polish?

3. Talking About Age

Talking about Age

Part of the wonder of learning a new language is having the ability to strike up simple conversations with strangers. Asking about age in this context feels natural, as your intention is to practice friendly phrases – just be mindful of their point of view!

When I was 22, I loved being asked my age. Nowadays, if someone asks, I say, “Well, I’ve just started my fifth cat life.” Let them ponder that for a while.

In Poland, it’s generally not desirable to ask an older woman her age for no good reason, but chatting about age with your peers is perfectly normal. Besides, you have to mention your birthday if you want to be thrown a birthday party!

4. Conclusion

Well, there you have it! With so many great new Polish phrases to wish people with, can you think of someone who has a big event coming up? If you want to get even more creative, PolishPod101 has much to inspire you with – come and check it out! Here’s just some of what we have on offer at PolishPod101:

  • Free Resources: Sharing is caring, and for this reason, we share many free resources with our students. For instance, start learning Polish with our basic online course by creating a lifetime account – for free! Also get free daily and iTunes lessons, free eBooks, free mobile apps, and free access to our blog and online community. Or how about free Vocabulary Lists? The Polish dictionary is for exclusive use by our students, also for free. There’s so much to love about PolishPod101…!
  • Innovative Learning Tools and Apps: We make it our priority to offer you the best learning tools! These include apps for iPhone, iPad, Android and Mac OSX; eBooks for Kindle, Nook, and iPad; audiobooks; Roku TV and so many more. This means that we took diverse lifestyles into account when we developed our courses, so you can learn anywhere, anytime on a device of your choice. How innovative!
  • Live Hosts and One-on-One Learning: Knowledgeable, energetic hosts present recorded video lessons, and are available for live teaching experiences if you upgrade. This means that in the videos, you get to watch them pronounce those tongue-twisters, as if you’re learning live! Add octane to your learning by upgrading to Premium Plus, and learn two times faster. You can have your very own Polish teacher always with you, ensuring that you learn what you need, when you need to – what a wonderful opportunity to master a new language in record time!
  • Start Where You Are: You don’t know a single Polish word? Not to worry, we’ve absolutely got this. Simply enroll in our Absolute Beginner Pathway and start speaking from Lesson 1! As your learning progresses, you can enroll in other pathways to match your Polish level, at your own pace, in your own time, in your own place!

Learning a new language can only enrich your life, and could even open doors towards great opportunities! So don’t wonder if you’ll regret enrolling in PolishPod101. It’s the most fun, easy way to learn Polish.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Polish

Talk About the Weather in Polish Like a Native


Did you know that every minute of the day, one billion tons of rain falls on the earth? Hard to believe, considering the climate crisis! Of course, all that rain is not equally shared across the planet.

So, would you mention this fascinating fact to your new Polish acquaintance? Well, small talk about local weather is actually a great conversation-starter. Everyone cares about the weather and you’re sure to hear a few interesting opinions! Seasons can be quite unpredictable these days and nobody knows the peculiarities of a region better than the locals.

PolishPod101 will equip you with all the weather vocabulary you need to plan your next adventure. The weather can even be an important discussion that influences your adventure plans. After all, you wouldn’t want to get caught on an inflatable boat with a two-horsepower motor in Hurricane Horrendous!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Polish

Table of Contents

  1. Talking about the weather in Poland
  2. Words for the first day of spring
  3. Do You Know the Essential Summer Vocabulary?
  4. Must-Know Autumn vocabulary
  5. Winter
  6. PolishPod101 can prepare you for any season.

1. Talking about the weather in Poland

Talking About Weather

If you’re like me, your day’s activity plan is likely to begin with a strong local coffee and a chat about what the sky is doing. After all, being prepared could be the difference between an amazing day and a miserable one! Luckily, it’s not difficult to comment on Polish weather – just start with these simple words and phrases.

1- The rain is falling on the street – Deszcz pada na ulicę.

Watercolor artists, take out your paints! You might not be able to venture out on foot today, but just embrace the rain as part of your Polish experience. When the rain stops, the air will be clean and colours vibrant.

2- The snow has covered everything – Śnieg pokrył wszystko.

A fresh blanket of snow is irresistibly beautiful. Pull on your boots and beanie, and leave your tracks in this foreign landscape. Don’t resist the urge to build a snowman – you need this!

3- Fluffy cloud – puchata chmura

When you’re waiting for a warm beach day, fluffy white clouds in a blue sky are a good sign. Don’t forget your sunscreen, as clouds will intensify the UV rays hitting your skin.

Fluffy White Cloud in Clear Blue Sky

4- The water froze on the glass – Woda zamarzła na szkle.

Night temperatures can get chilly and might freeze the condensation on your windows. A good way to clear them up is with warm salt water.

5- The heavy rain could cause flash flooding – Ta ulewa może spowodować nagłą powódź.

If you’re visiting Poland in the wet season, it’s important to stay informed when heavy rain sets in, so keep an eye on the weather radar. Avoid river activities and rather spend this time making a home-cooked meal and brushing up on your Polish weather words.

Heavy Rain in a Park

6- Flood – powódź

If you do get caught in a flood, your destination should no longer be ‘home’, but the nearest high ground.

7- The typhoon has hit – Uderzył tajfun.

Not all countries experience typhoons, but you need to know when to prepare for one! It will be very scary if you’ve never experienced one before. Your local neighbours are the best people to advise you on where to take shelter, as they’ve been doing it for generations. Be sure to get the low-down at the first sign of rough weather!

8- Check the weather report before going sailing – Sprawdź prognozę pogody zanim wybierzesz się żeglować.

When planning an outdoor activity, especially on a body of water, always be prepared for a change in the weather. Ask your hotel receptionist or neighbour where you can get a reliable daily weather report, and don’t forget your sweater!

Two Men on Sailboat

9- Today’s weather is sunny with occasional clouds – Dziś jest słonecznie z niewielkim zachmurzeniem.

Sunny weather is the dream when traveling in Poland! Wake up early, pack the hats and sunblock and go and experience the terrain, sights and beautiful spots. You’ll be rewarded with happy vibes all around.

10- A rainy day – deszczowy dzień

Remember when you said you’d save the Polish podcasts for a rainy day? Now’s that day!

11- Scenic rainbow – piękna tęcza

The best part about the rain is that you can look forward to your first rainbow in Poland. There’s magic in that!

12- Flashes of lightning can be beautiful, but are very dangerous – Pioruny mogą być piękne, ale są bardzo niebezpieczne.

Lightning is one of the most fascinating weather phenomena you can witness without really being in danger – at least if you’re sensible and stay indoors! Did you know that lightning strikes the earth 40-50 times per second? Fortunately, not all countries experience heavy electric storms!

Electric Storm

13- 25 degrees Celsius – dwadzieścia pięć stopni Celsjusza

Asking a local what the outside temperature will be is another useful question for planning your day. It’s easy if you know the Polish term for ‘degrees Celsius’.

14- His body temperature was far above the usual 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit – Jego temperatura znacznie przekraczała normalne 98,6 stopni Fahrenheita.

Although the Fahrenheit system has been replaced by Celsius in almost all countries, it’s still used in the US and a few other places. Learn this phrase in Polish in case one of your companions develops a raging fever.

15- Clear sky – czyste niebo

Clear skies mean you’ll probably want to get the camera out and capture some nature shots – not to mention the great sunsets you’ll have later on. Twilight can lend an especially magical quality to a landscape on a clear sky day, when the light is not filtered through clouds.

Hikers on Mountain with Clear Sky

16- Light drizzle – lekka mżawka

Days when it’s drizzling are perfect for taking in the cultural offerings of Poland. You could go to the mall and watch a Polish film, visit museums and art galleries, explore indoor markets or even find the nearest climbing wall. Bring an umbrella!

17- Temperature on a thermometer – temperatura na termometrze

Because of the coronavirus, many airports are conducting temperature screening on passengers. Don’t worry though – it’s just a precaution. Your temperature might be taken with a no-touch thermometer, which measures infrared energy coming off the body.

18- Humid – wilgotno

I love humid days, but then I’m also a water baby and I think the two go
together like summer and rain. Find a pool or a stream to cool off in – preferably in the shade!

Humidity in Tropical Forest

19- With low humidity the air feels dry – Przy niskiej wilgotności powietrze wydaje się suche.

These are the best days to go walking the hills and vales. Just take at least one Polish friend with you so you don’t get lost!

20- The wind is really strong – Wiatr jest bardzo silny.

A strong wind blows away the air pollution and is very healthy in that respect. Just avoid the mountain trails today, unless you fancy being blown across the continent like a hot air balloon.

21- It’s windy outside – Na dworze jest wietrznie.

Wind! My least favourite weather condition. Of course, if you’re a kitesurfer, a windy day is what you’ve been waiting for!

Leaves and Umbrella in the Wind

22- Wet roads can ice over when the temperature falls below freezing – Mokre drogi zamarzają, gdy temperatura spada poniżej zera.

The roads will be dangerous in these conditions, so please don’t take chances. The ice will thaw as soon as the sun comes out, so be patient!

23- Today is very muggy – Dzisiaj jest bardzo duszno.

Muggy days make your skin feel sticky and sap your energy. They’re particular to high humidity. Cold shower, anyone? Ice vest? Whatever it takes to feel relief from the humidity!

24- Fog – mgła

Not a great time to be driving, especially in unknown territory, but keep your fog lights on and drive slowly.

Fog on a Pond with Ducks

25- Hurricane – huragan

Your new Polish friends will know the signs, so grab some food and candles and prepare for a night of staying warm and chatting about wild weather in Poland.

Palm Trees in a Hurricane

26- Big tornado – duże tornado

If you hear these words, it will probably be obvious already that everyone is preparing for the worst! Definitely do whatever your accommodation hosts tell you to do when a tornado is expected.

27- It’s cloudy today – Dzisiaj jest pochmurno.

While there won’t be any stargazing tonight, the magnificent clouds over Poland will make impressive photographs. Caption them in Polish to impress your friends back home!

Cloudy Weather on Beach with Beach Huts

28- Below freezing temperatures – temperatury poniżej zera

When the temperature is below freezing, why not take an Uber and go shopping for some gorgeous Polish winter gear?

Woman with Winter Gear in Freezing Weather

29- Wind chill is how cold it really feels outside – Temperatura odczuwalna, to taka, jaką faktycznie się odczuwa na dworze.

Wind doesn’t change the ambient temperature of the air, it just changes your body temperature, so the air will feel colder to you than it actually is. Not all your Polish friends will know that, though, so learn this Polish phrase to sound really smart!

30- Water will freeze when the temperature falls below zero degrees celsius – Woda zamarza, gdy temperatura spada poniżej zera stopni Celsjusza.

If you’re near a lake, frozen water is good news! Forgot your ice skates? Don’t despair – find out where you can hire some. Be cautious, though: the ice needs to be at least four inches thick for safe skating. Personally, I just slide around on frozen lakes in my boots!

Thermometer Below Freezing Point

31- Waiting to clear up – czekać, aż się rozpogodzi

Waiting for the weather to clear up so you can go exploring is frustrating, let’s be honest. That’s why you should always travel with two things: a scintillating novel and your Polish Nook Book.

32- Avoid the extreme heat – unikać upałów

Is the heat trying to kill you? Unless you’re a hardened heatwave hero, definitely avoid activity, stay hydrated and drink electrolytes. Loose cotton or linen garb is the way to go!

Hand Holding a Melting Ice Cream

33- Frost – szron

Frost is water vapour that has turned to ice crystals and it happens when the earth cools so much in the night, that it gets colder than the air above it. Winter is coming!

34- Rain shower – lekki deszcz

Rain showers are typically brief downpours that drench the earth with a good drink of water.

35- In the evening it will become cloudy and cold – Wieczorem zachmurzy się i będzie zimno.

When I hear this on the Polish weather channel, I buy a bottle of wine (red, of course) and wood for the fireplace. A cold and cloudy evening needs its comforts!

Snow in the Park at Night

36- Thunderstorm – burza z piorunami

Keep an eye on the Polish weather maps if it looks like a big storm is coming, so you’ll be well-informed.

37- Ice has formed on the window – mróz na szybie

You could try this phrase out on the hotel’s helpful cleaning staff, or fix the problem yourself. Just add a scoop or two of salt to a spray bottle of water – that should work!

38- Large hailstones – wielkie kule gradu

As a kid, I found hail crazy exciting. Not so much now – especially if I’m on the road and large hailstones start pummeling my windscreen!

Large Hailstones on a Wooden Floor

39- Rolling thunder – dudniący grzmot

The rumble of rolling thunder is that low-volume, ominous background sound that goes on for some time. It’s strangely exciting if you’re safely in your hotel room; it could either suddenly clear up, or escalate to a storm.

40- Sleet – deszcz ze śniegiem

Sleet is tiny hard pieces of ice made from a mixture of rain and melted snow that froze. It can be messy, but doesn’t cause major damage the way hail does. Pretty cool to know this word in Polish!

2. Words for the first day of spring

You know the feeling: your heart skips a beat when you wake up and spring has sprung! Spring will reward you with new blossoms everywhere, birdsong in the air, kittens being born in the neighborhood and lovely views when you hit the trails. Pack a picnic and ask a new Polish friend to show you the more natural sights. Don’t forget a light sweater and a big smile. This is the perfect time to practice some Polish spring words!

Spring Vocabulary

3. Do You Know the Essential Summer Vocabulary?

Summer! Who doesn’t love that word? It conjures up images of blue skies, tan skin, vacations at the beach and cruising down the coast in an Alfa Romeo, sunglasses on and the breeze in your hair. Of course, in Poland there are many ways to enjoy the summer – it all depends on what you love to do. One thing’s for sure: you will have opportunities to make friends, go on picnics, sample delicious local ice-cream and maybe even learn to sing some Polish songs. It’s up to you! Sail into Polish summer with this summer vocab list, and you’ll blend in with ease.

Four Adults Playing on the Beach in the Sand

4. Must-Know Autumn vocabulary

Victoria Ericksen said, “If a year was tucked inside of a clock, then autumn would be the magic hour,” and I agree. Who can resist the beauty of fall foliage coloring the Polish landscape? Birds prepare to migrate; travelers prepare to arrive for the best weather in Poland.

The autumnal equinox marks the moment the Sun crosses the celestial equator, making day and night almost equal in length. The cool thing about this event is that the moon gets really bright – the ‘harvest moon’, as it’s traditionally known.

So, as much as the change of season brings more windy and rainy days, it also brings celebration. Whether you honor Thanksgiving, Halloween or the Moon Festival, take some time to color your vocabulary with these Polish autumn words.

Autumn Phrases

5. Winter

Winter is the time the natural world slows down to rest and regroup. I’m a summer girl, but there are fabulous things about winter that I really look forward to. For one, it’s the only season I get to accessorize with my gorgeous winter gloves and snug down coat!

Then, of course, there’s ice skating, holiday decorations and bonfires. As John Steinbeck said, “What good is the warmth of summer, without the cold of winter to give it sweetness?” Get ready for the cold season with our list of essential Winter words!

Skier Sitting in the Snow

6. PolishPod101 can prepare you for any season.

Now that you know how to inquire and comment on the weather in Poland, you
can confidently plan your weather-ready travel itinerary. How about this for an idea: the next
time you’re sitting in a Polish street café, try asking someone local this question:

“Do you think the weather will stay like this for a few days?” If you loved learning these cool Polish weather phrases with us, why not take it a step further and add to your repertoire? PolishPod101 is here to help!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Polish

The Polish Calendar: Talking About Dates in Polish


Did you know there are many different types of calendars?

As you probably know – a calendar is a system of organizing days in weeks and months for specific purposes, according to Wikipedia.

Worldwide, most countries use the Gregorian calendar. Some just work on the same framework, meaning that time is divided into units based on the earth’s movement around the sun – the “solar calendar”. Other calendars keep time by observing the moon’s movements, a combination of the moon and the sun’s movements, and seasons.

Through PolishPod101, you can learn all about this and so much more! Our themed, culturally relevant lessons are skillfully designed so you can do your planning perfectly for a holiday or a date.

Having a good plan for a visit or a trip is like studying well for an exam. You’re just so much better prepared! For that, you could well need specific phrases to plan around appointments and such, especially on business trips. Make sure to use the charts we provide here with the days of the week in Polish, as well as the months in Polish to navigate your way as you plan. Great resources!

Also – always remember to have fun!

Table of Contents

  1. Why Will It Help To Know How To Talk About Dates in Polish?
  2. Talking About your Plans
  3. Can PolishPod101 Help You In Other Ways Too?

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Polish

1. Why Will It Help To Know How To Talk About Dates in Polish?

Days of the Week

Well, that’s not a difficult question to answer. No matter why you’re travelling, it would be best to at least know the names of days and months in Polish. You don’t want to miss your flight or an appointment because you confused “piątek” (Friday) with “sobota” (Saturday)! Or maybe you planned a holiday for “lipiec” (July), but you booked a flight for “czerwiec” (June) by accident!

Avoid this confusion by learning the Polish calendar before you leave.

Now, as promised, the 15 phrases to help you make and discuss plans.

2. Talking About your Plans

Months of the Year

Perhaps you’re working in Poland, or maybe you’re enjoying a prolonged holiday. Fabulous! Memorize these phrases so you can be sure to successfully negotiate meetings, appointments, dates, events, the list goes on!

1. Co robisz w ten weekend?

“What are you doing this weekend?”

This question is usually a preamble to inviting someone somewhere. Given that it’s over the weekend, it probably means a casual get-together or another social event. (But not necessarily! A manager or boss could also ask this for entirely different reasons.)

It’s a handy phrase to know when you’ve made Polish or expat friends in the country. Or, be the one doing the inviting. Then train your ear to learn the following phrases so you can understand the response.

2. W tym tygodniu podróżuję.

“I am traveling this weekend.”

This could be a reply if you’re not available because you’re doing other fun stuff.

No matter why you are visiting Poland, do take the time to explore the country! It’s beautiful and it has so many wonderful, interesting spots ready to be visited.

Couple at booking in Desk

3. Planuję zostać w domu.

“I am planning to stay at home.”

Maybe you feel unwell, but don’t want to give too much information? Or maybe you have work to do? Perhaps you just need some quiet gardening time…it doesn’t matter. This response is polite and honest without oversharing.

It could also be a slightly open-ended response, depending on how you deliver it. Because hey, being home could still mean your plans are flexible, right?

That said – depending on your relationship with the inviter, nuances like these will probably not be so apparent in a foreign culture. So, best to use this excuse for declining an invitation only if you are truly set on staying in.

Woman Doing Gardening

4. W tym tygodniu jestem zajęty.

“This week I am busy.”

Another polite phrase that gives a reason for declining an invitation but without oversharing details.

Don’t decline too many invitations, though! You don’t want people to think that you’re too busy to hang out with them. They will stop inviting you out, and you know how the saying goes – all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy…! Being social is good for the soul.

5. Jutro jestem wolny.

“I am free tomorrow.”

Yay! Perhaps you were approached by that person and they asked about your availability for a date. This would be a fine reply. Not too eager, but still indicating that you’re interested.

Or maybe you’re just replying to a colleague or manager’s request for a meeting. Polite, honest and clear.

Alternatively, you’re just busy right now, and plans are not going the way they were…well, planned. Compromise is a lovely thing! And this phrase sounds just like that.

Use it to indicate that you want to accommodate an invitation or the inviter’s plans, despite your current unavailability. Only if you are really free, of course.

6. Czy możemy to przełożyć?

“Can we reschedule this?”

So, life happened and you are unable to meet obligations or attend a planned meeting. This is a suitable question to ask if you wish to indicate your willingness to still engage with whatever is on the table.

Obviously you should (ideally) not ask to reschedule a party or big meeting! (Unless you’re the boss or it’s your own party, of course.) But if there’s reasonable wiggle room regarding arrangements, then this one’s your question.

Business Man Sitting with Schedule

7. Będę miał dość czasu pod koniec miesiąca.

“I will have enough time at the end of the month.”

A go-to phrase when events or activities are likely to take up a lot of your time, such as going away for a weekend, spending the day at a local market, or writing your manager’s quarterly report (with 20 flow-charts in Powerpoint) – anything that won’t only take an hour or two.

8. Jaki termin najbardziej Ci odpowiada?

“When is the best time that suits you?”

Remember phrase #5? That was a possible reply to this question. Asked by your crush, very possibly! Or, it could be asked by any other person for any other reason, doesn’t matter.

If this is addressed to you, it usually means that the person respects your time and schedule, which is a good thing. It probably also means that their own schedule is flexible, another good thing.

This is also a polite question to ask when a manager or senior colleague wants to meet with you. Let them decide on the time, and be as accommodating as possible. This attitude shows respect for seniority – good for career building. (Within reason, of course. You don’t need to postpone your wedding or your paid-up holiday to Australia because your manager wants to see you.)

Screen Tablet Hotel

9. Czy ta data Ci odpowiada?

“Is this date OK with you?”

But – if the other party insists that you choose a time for a meeting, appointment, or date etc., then do so! Respond with this nice, somewhat casual question that leaves space for negotiation, but only needs a simple reply.

Suitable for friends, and casual acquaintances and colleagues.

10. Czy jesteś dostępny tego dnia?

“Are you available on that day?”

This is the a-bit-more-formal version of the previous question. Again, it has room for negotiation, but only needs a simple response – nice and neat!

Maybe this is the go-to question when you’re addressing your seniors at work, or a person much older than you.

11. Czy możemy to zrobić tak szybko, jak to możliwe?

“Can we do it as soon as possible?”

This question has an urgency to it that should preferably be responded to with the same. A simple reply will be good – yes or no. Less negotiable, this is still polite because it’s a question that gives you a choice.

But stand ready with one of the phrases in this article to help tie down a time and date!

Couple Getting Engaged on a Bridge

12. Jestem dostępny każdego wieczoru.

“I’m available every evening”

If you’re going to reply with this phrase, context is everything.

– If it’s your manager asking you to put in a bit of overtime, and you are available to – great reply! When deadlines are tight and everybody is stressing, your willingness to go the extra mile can only improve your relationship with your boss.

(Still, no need to be a doormat! If you get asked to work overtime too often, or if everyone else is goofing around while you have to graft, then re-evaluate the situation. And if you feel you’re being exploited a bit, don’t stress! Equip yourself with the diplomatic, yet assertive responses right in this article.)

– If it’s an old friend or longtime significant other asking to hang out – good reply. You know one another and appearances don’t matter any longer.

– If it’s a new crush who just asked when you’d be available for a date – stop. Not such a great reply. Tone down a bit! “Interested but not overly eager” is what you’re going for here.

Refer back to response #5, or use a counter-question, such as #1. Whatever suits you.

But if they – or anyone else – invite you to scale the Himalayas with them, then the next phrase will probably be the only sane response!

Mountaineer in Snow

13. Muszę to zaplanować z dużym wyprzedzeniem.

“I need to plan this well in advance.”

So, as said under #9, perhaps you’re invited to join someone conquer the Himalayas.

Or your company manager wants you to plan the Party that Tops All Year-End Parties Forever.

Simply – if you get asked to do something that you know will need a lot of thorough planning, this is a good phrase to respond with.

It’s an assertive phrase that demonstrates two things regarding your attitude:

a) That you know your own abilities, and respect your own schedule.
b) That your respect other people’s time and schedule too.

Then just be sure to actually do that planning well in advance!

14. Musimy znaleźć inny termin.

“We need to find another date.”

So, you’re in negotiations regarding a date.

This is an assertive statement that should probably not be used with a “My way or the highway” attitude.

That stuff only works in the movies – think sharp-tongued Samuel L. Jackson. Or fierce Kristen Stewart. Yea, they can be scary, so tone down that tone.

Also, be mindful that fickle people who change plans all the time don’t keep friends! Taking others’ needs into consideration, while simultaneously having your way is a delicate art that takes proper cultivation. Use this phrase sparingly – we have better ones here to negotiate with.

Rock Concert Hands in the Air

Of course, if your planned trip to the dentist falls on the same day as the only Billie Eilish concert close by…well, priorities are priorities. Feel free to call the dentist with this phrase. Or even better, use the next one.

15. Nie mogę tego zrobić w tym dniu.

“I cannot do it on that day.”

This is the low-key-but-still-firm cousin of the previous phrase. You’re stating a personal fact, and depending on your tone, this can be as non-negotiable as you prefer.

Again, only use this when you really mean it, if you’re visiting Poland or any other foreign country.

So, that’s it, folks! Which phrase did you find the most helpful? Let us know in the comments!

3. Can PolishPod101 Help You In Other Ways Too?


Well yes, of course!

We think you will find these phrases easy to use when talking about dates and months in Polish. But knowing how to employ them properly could help you avoid sticky situations!

PolishPod101 is uniquely geared to help you with this and so much more.

This InnovativeLanguage.com initiative is one of many online language-learning courses. With us, you’ll find it easy and fun to learn a new language, and here are a few reasons why:

  • Immediately upon enrollment, you’ll receive hundreds of well-designed lessons to get you going.
  • Watch superb recordings of native Polish speakers in cool slide-shows – the easy way to practice till you sound just like a native speaker yourself!
  • Also immediately upon enrollment, you’ll get access to a huge library of free resources! These include extensive, theme-based Vocabulary Lists and a Word of the Day List (For free, hot bargains!) These alone are sure to give your vocab-learning boxing gloves.
  • You’ll also immediately be able to use an excellent and free Polish online dictionary. Necessary for quick, handy translations, no matter where you find yourself.
  • For the serious learner, there are numerous enrollment upgrades available, one of which offers you a personal, online Polish host. Allow us to hold your hand and support you in your learning!

If you’re serious about mastering Polish easily yet correctly, PolishPod101 is definitely one of, if not the best, online language learning platforms available. Talking about your plans or dates in Polish need not ever spoil your stay.

So, hurry up—enroll today!

Learn How to Talk About Your Family in Polish


Did you know that only some reptiles and birds don’t parent their offspring? Except for crocodiles, all reptiles (and one family of bird species called megapodes) hatch from eggs and grow up alone, without any family.

The rest of us need family if we are to survive and thrive – humans and animals alike!

At PolishPod101, we know how important family is. Therefore, we take care to teach you all the important vocabulary and phrases pertaining to family.

Table of Contents

  1. Why Is It Important to Know Polish Vocabulary about Family?
  2. Learn a New Culture? Learn its Family Vocab first
  3. How PolishPod101 Can Help You Learn Polish Family Terms

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Family Phrases in Polish

1. Why Is It Important to Know Polish Vocabulary about Family?

Lioness with Cub

Well, if you’re serious about studying any new language, then learning about the most important social unit in Polish culture would be a crucial part of your education.

What is family, though? Strictly speaking, it’s a group of people who live together and are supposed to take care of one another. Some of them are genetically linked.

Family isn’t just about who we’re related to by blood, of course. It’s also one of the main influences in shaping every child’s life.

Family is Important for Children’s Healthy Development

Phrases Parents Say

Family is the single most important influence in a child’s life. Children depend on parents and family to protect them and provide for their needs from the day they were born.

Primary caregivers, which usually comprise parents and family, form a child’s first relationships. They are a child’s first teachers and are role models that show kids how to act and experience the world around them.

By nurturing and teaching children during their early years, families play an important role in making sure children are ready to learn when they enter school.

Families Can Take All Shapes and Sizes

However, the way families are put together is by no means standard.

Mom and Daughter

Single-parent and same-gender households have become a new norm the past few decades, and there’s no shame in this. When there is love, connection and proper care, a child can thrive anywhere.

Everyone also knows that sometimes friends can become like family and remain with us for life, because it’s all about human connection.

After all, we share many commonalities simply because we’re human, and we are programmed to connect with one another and belong to a group. This is very important for our well-being and survival.

It’s All About Feeling Connected

As John Northman, a psychologist from Buffalo, NY, told WebMD – feeling connected to others contributes to mental as well as physical health.

He pointed out that when people feel connected, they feel better physically, and they’re also less likely to feel depressed.

Couples Chatting

Or, if they do feel depressed, they’d be in a better position to get out of it when they feel they are connecting with others. This is because they would be psychologically supported too, Northman said.

There has even been some links drawn between addiction and feeling disconnected from others. According to an article in Psychology Today, research indicates that addiction is not solely a substance disorder, but also affected by people feeling insecurely attached to others.

It showed that securely attached individuals tend to feel comfortable in and enjoy life, while insecurely attached people typically struggle to fit in and connect.

2. Learn a New Culture? Learn its Family Vocab first

So, it’s clear that for most of us, family is our entry point into connection and belonging. This is true of every culture, so in every country, family takes prominence.

For this reason, PolishPod101 offers culturally-relevant lessons that will equip you well to understand families in Poland.

Here are some of the most important Polish vocabulary and quotes about family and parenting!

A) Polish Family Vocabulary

Let’s start with the basic vocabulary. Without this collection of words, you’ll have a hard time describing any member of your family at all.

Family Terms
Great grandfather
Younger sister
młodsza siostra
Younger brother
młodszy brat
Older brother
starszy brat
Great grandmother

Family of Three

B) Quotes About Family

Polish Family Quotes

One of the ways to improve your Polish language skills is by memorizing quotes from books, or poems.

Either source some from Polish literature, or make use of ours!

Nie wybiera się swojej rodziny. Oni są darem od Boga dla ciebie, jak i ty jesteś darem dla nich.

“You don’t choose your family. They are God’s gift to you, as you are to them.” – Desmond Tutu

Rodzina nie jest czymś ważnym. Jest wszystkim.

“Family is not an important thing. It’s everything.” – Michael J. Fox

Rodzina oznacza, że nikt nie będzie pozostawiony z tyłu lub zapomniany.

“Family means no one gets left behind or forgotten.” – David Ogden Stiers

Moja rodzina jest moją mocą i moją słabością.

“My family is my strength and my weakness.” – Aishwarya Rai

Rodzina jest jednym z arcydzieł natury.

“The family is one of nature’s masterpieces.” – George Santayana

Gdy masz kłopoty, to twoja rodzina jest tym, co cię wspiera.

“When trouble comes, it’s your family that supports you.” – Guy Lafleur

Rodzina jest pierwszą zasadniczą komórką życia społecznego.

“The family is the first essential cell of human society.” – Pope John XXIII

Nie ma czegoś takiego jak zabawa dla całej rodziny.

“There is no such thing as fun for the whole family.” – Jerry Seinfeld

Musisz bronić swojego honoru i swojej rodziny.

“You have to defend your honor. And your family.” – Suzanne Vega

Wszystkie szczęśliwe rodziny są do siebie podobne. Każda nieszczęśliwa rodzina jest nieszczęśliwa na swój sposób.

“All happy families are alike; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.” – Leo Tolstoy

C) Test Your Knowledge!

Do you feel you have learned a lot in this blog? Let’s quickly test that!

In the table below, match the Polish vocabulary on the left with the definition of the relative in the right column.

Relative Name Definition
1. rodzina a. My male child
2. matka b. My older male sibling
3. ojciec c. My female sibling
4. żona d. My child’s child
5. mąż e. My child’s female child
6. rodzic f. My female parent
7. dziecko g. My grandparent’s mother
8. córka h. Mother to one of my parents
9. syn i. Relatives
10. siostra j. My female child
11. brat k. My younger male sibling
12. młodsza siostra l. Male spouse
13. młodszy brat m. The father of one of my parents
14. starszy brat n. My child’s male child
15. prababcia o. My children’s father or mother
16. pradziadek p. The sister of one of my parents
17. babcia q. The brother of one of my parents
18. dziadek r. My male parent
19. wnuk s. My sibling’s female child
20. wnuczka t. My sibling’s male child
21. wnuk u. My male sibling
22. ciocia v. My parents’ sibling’s child
23. wujek w. Female spouse
24. siostrzenica x. The grandfather of one of my parents
25. bratanek y. The person I am a parent to
26. kuzynka z. My younger female sibling

How did it go? Don’t worry if you had trouble with it – you’ll get there! With a bit of practice, and our help at PolishPod101, you’ll soon have these family terms under the belt.

Family Shopping

3. How PolishPod101 Can Help You Learn Polish Family Terms

We hope that we helped you expand your family in Polish vocabulary!

PolishPod101, with its innovative online learning system, stands out among online learning platforms to help you master Polish easily.

Our lessons are tailored not only to increase your language skills, but to also inform you of Polish culture, including the Polish family structure.

When you sign up, you will get instant access to tools like:

1 – An extensive vocabulary list, regularly updated
2 – A new Polish word to learn every day
3 – Quick access to the Polish Key Phrase List
4 – A free Polish online dictionary
5 – The excellent 100 Core Polish Word List
6 – An almost limitless Lesson Library for learners of all levels

Further speed up your learning with the help of a personal tutor, who will first assess your current Polish language abilities to personalize your training and tailor it to your needs.

Hard work always pays off, and to help you in this, PolishPod101 will be there every step of the way toward your Polish mastery!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Family Phrases in Polish

Answers: 1.i. 2.f. 3.r. 4.w. 5.l. 6.o. 7.y. 8.j. 9.a. 10.c. 11.u. 12.z. 13.k. 14.b. 15.g 16.x. 17.h. 18.m. 19.d. 20.e. 21.n. 22.p. 23.q. 24.s. 25.t. 26.v.

Best Polish Phrases for Travel 2022


Learning a language is an odyssey, but if you want to travel to Poland it’s important to learn useful vocabulary for your trip as quickly as possible. How to do that? By learning the most useful Polish phrases for travel that we have compiled for you in this blog post!

You can memorize the basic Polish phrases for travelers or write them down to always have access to them if you forget anything. The more you’re going to practice during your trip, the better you’re going to remember them.

Log Table of Contents
  1. Basic Expressions
  2. Transport
  3. Shopping
  4. Restaurants
  5. Asking for and Giving Directions
  6. Emergencies
  7. Flattery Phrases
  8. Useful Phrases to Go through Language Problems
  9. Bonus: Basic Hotel Phrases
  10. Final Thoughts

1. Basic Expressions  

People Greeting One Another

Polish travel phrases by default need to include some basic expressions useful in every situation. Here are some handy greetings:

  • Dzień dobry! – Good Day!
    Used in formal and semi-formal situations during the day.
  • Dobry wieczór! – Good evening!
    Said in formal and semi-formal situations in the evening.
  • Cześć! – Hi!
    Used with friends and in informal situations.

Used with friends and in informal situations.

Would you like to learn even more ways of saying hello in Polish? Read our blog post “How to Say Hello in Polish and Other Polish Greetings”.

It’s equally important to learn other polite expressions before traveling such as:

  • Dziękuję! / Dzięki! – Thank you! / Thanks!
    Dziękuję is universal, while dzięki is reserved for informal contexts.

  • Przepraszam. – Excuse me, I’m sorry
    You can say przepraszam when asking for something:

    Ex. Przepraszam, czy może się Pan / Pani przesunąć? – Excuse me, could you move, please? 

    You can equally use it when apologizing:

    Ex. A: Jestem na Ciebie bardzo zły! – I’m very angry with you!
    B: Przepraszam. – I’m sorry.

  • Przykro mi. – I’m sorry.
    Przykro mi is used to express sadness about something that happened.

    Ex. A: Arleta na mnie nakrzyczała. – Arleta has shouted at me.
    B: Przykro mi. / Przykro mi to słyszeć. – I’m sorry. / I’m sorry to hear that. 

Some other basic Polish phrases for travelers are:

  • Tak – yes

  • Nie – no

  • Lubię [object] – I like [object]

    Ex. Lubię koty. – I like cats.

    Lubię takes the accusative case, in other words, the basic form of words found in dictionaries. 

  • Nie lubię [object] – I don’t like [object]

    Ex. Nie lubię kotów. – I don’t like cats. 

    Nie lubię is followed by the genitive case. You can learn more about Polish cases in our lesson on painless Polish grammar
  • Nie mówię (dobrze) po polsku. – I don’t speak Polish (well).

  • Super! / Ekstra! – Cool!

  • Czy mógłby Pan / Pani zrobić mi / nam zdjęcie? – Could you take a picture of me / us, Sir / Madam?

As part of your Polish education you may also want to learn about the basic Polish sentence structure.

2. Transport

A Woman on the Bus

Traveling around the country you are in is a part of most adventures abroad. Let’s start with useful taxi phrases:

  • Chciałbym / Chciałabym dojechać do [destination]. – I’d like to get to [destination].

    The forms are for male and female speakers respectively.

    Ex. Chciałbym / Chciałabym dojechać do dworca kolejowego. – I’d like to get to the train station.

  • Ile ten kurs będzie kosztować? – How much will this trip cost me?

  • Czy mógłby się Pan / Czy mogłaby się Pani zatrzymać? – Could you stop the car, Sir / Madam?

Is getting a taxi in Poland easy? You’ll learn everything you need from a guide on taxis in Poland. If you’re on a budget traveling by bus may be a better alternative for you:

  • Gdzie powinienem / powinnam wysiąść? – Where should I get off?

    The first verbal form would be used by a male speaker, the second by a female speaker.

  • Którym autobusem mogę dojechać do [destination]? – Which bus should I take to get to [destination]?

    Ex. Którym autobusem mogę dojechać do centrum? – Which bus should I take to get to the city center?

  • Może mi Pan / Pani powiedzieć, kiedy dojedziemy? – Could you tell me when we arrive, Sir / Madam? 

Another option, particularly for long distance traveling, are trains. Here are some handy phrases:

  • Ile kosztuje bilet do [destination]? – How much is a ticket to [destination]?

    Ex. Ile kosztuje bilet do Krakowa? – How much is a ticket to Cracow?

  • Poproszę bilet do [destination]. – A ticket to [destination], please.

    Ex. Poproszę bilet do Krynicy Morskiej. – A ticket to Krynica Morska, please.

  • Gdzie jest peron numer [number]? – Where is the platform [number]?

    Ex. Gdzie jest peron numer 3? – Where is platform number 3?

Before traveling on a train you may also want to familiarize yourself with two lessons on train rides in Poland: reading the train schedule and reading your train ticket.

3. Shopping

A Shopping List

Whether you love shopping or you like to keep it to the bare minimum, you’ll definitely have to buy some things during your trip. Below you’ll find useful expressions for when it happens:

  • Ile to kosztuje? – How much does it cost?

  • Ile kosztuje kilogram [object]? – How much is a kg of [object]?

    Ex. Ile kosztuje kilogram ziemniaków? – How much is a kg of potatoes?

  • Czy jest na coś promocja? – Is there a promotion on anything?

  • Co by Pan / Pani polecił / poleciła? – What would you recommend Sir / Madam?

  • Czy mogę zapłacić kartą? – Can I pay by card?

  • Reszty nie trzeba. – You can keep the change.  

Of course, the salesperson is likely to give you some numbers when answering your questions. To understand what they’re saying, learn how to use Polish numbers for daily usage with us. 

4. Restaurants

People in a Restaurant

Traveling means also trying food of a given culture. Thus common Polish phrases for travelers have to include phrases useful when visiting restaurants:

  • Na ile osób stolik? – A table for how many people do you need?

  • Czy mogę prosić o menu / jadłospis / kartę dań? – Can I have the menu, please?

  • Jestem wegetarianinem / wegetarianką. – I’m a vegetarian.

    Jestem weganinem / weganką. – I’m a vegan.

    In both expressions the first forms are for female speakers and the second forms for male speakers. 

  • Mam alergię na [product]. – I’m allergic to [product].

    Mam alergię na orzechy. – I’m allergic to nuts.

  • Wszystko było pyszne. – Everything was delicious.

  • (Ja) poproszę spaghetti bolognese. – I’ll have spaghetti bolognese, please.

  • Czy można prosić rachunek? – Can I have the bill, please? 

To learn what dishes to expect in Poland, check out our lesson on 10 Polish foods

5. Asking for and Giving Directions


Asking for directions and being asked about them is a common tourist experience when visiting any country abroad. For these reasons it simply had to make it to our list of Polish language travel phrases: 

  • Gdzie jest [location]? – Where is [location]?

    Ex. Gdzie jest Muzeum Narodowe? – Where is the National Museum?

  • Jak dojechać / dojść do [location]? – How to get to [location]?

    Ex. Jak dojechać do dzielnicy Kazimierz? – How to get to the Kazimierz district?

    If you use the verb dojechać, you ask about getting somewhere by private or public transport. You can’t use it if you could walk to a given place. 

    Jak dojść do stacji metra? – How to get to a subway station?

    The verb dojść refers to getting somewhere on foot. 

  • Proszę skręcić w lewo / w prawo. – Please turn left / right.

  • Proszę iść prosto. – Please go straight.

  • [Location] będzie po prawej / lewej. – [Location] will be on your right / left.

    Ex. Apteka będzie po prawej / lewej. – The pharmacy will be on your right / left.

If you think you’ll be on foot a lot, our blog post on Polish directions (please link to my December article, not published yet) is a must before your trip. 

6. Emergencies

A Firefighter

Ideally, you wouldn’t have to use any Polish travel phrases for emergencies during your trip. Unfortunately, it’s difficult to predict what may happen when traveling, which is why it’s also good to remember these Polish phrases:

  • Pomocy! / Ratunku!Help!

  • Proszę zadzwonić na 112! – Please call 911!

  • Proszę zadzwonić po karetkę / pogotowie! – Please call an ambulance!

  • Czy jest tutaj lekarz? – Is there a doctor here?

  • Zgubiłem / Zgubiłam paszport / portfel. – I’ve lost my passport / wallet.

    The first form is for male speakers, the second for female speakers. 

To be sure that you’re prepared for every situation, visit also our lesson on an emergency situation in Poland and the Polish police’s resource on personal safety that includes all relevant emergency numbers.   

7. Flattery Phrases

Two People Laughing

Flattery can win the hearts of other people, particularly when it’s sincere. That’s why common Polish phrases for travelers should also include some for expressing flattery: 

  • Lubię Polaków / Polki. – I like Polish people / Polish women.

  • Lubię polskie jedzenie. – I like Polish food.

  • Lubię Polskę. – I like Poland.

  • Chciałbym / Chciałabym, żebyśmy się zaprzyjaźnili. – I’d like us to be friends.

    The forms of the verb chcieć are for male and female speakers respectively. 

    Chciałabym, żebyśmy się zaprzyjaźnili / zaprzyjaźniły. – I’d like us to be friends.

    Female speakers have two options. If they’re talking to a man they’d say zaprzyjaźnili. If they’re talking to a woman they’d say zaprzyjaźniły. As the rule in Polish is that even one man in a group makes it masculine in gender, the only form for male speakers is zaprzyjaźnili

  • Masz konto na Facebooku / Instagramie? – Are you on Facebook / Instagram?

  • Dasz mi swój numer? – Could I have your number? 

These phrases go hand in hand with the top 10 compliments you always want to hear

8. Useful Phrases to Go through Language Problems

Even if you learn all Polish language travel phrases you may encounter some language problems. To go through them you’ll need some expressions:

  • Mówisz po angielsku? – Do you speak English?

    The above is an informal version of this question.

    Mówi Pan / Pani po angielsku? – Do you speak English, Sir / Madam?

    The second version is used in formal situations.

  • Nie rozumiem, możesz powtórzyć? – I don’t understand, can you repeat, please? (informal)

    Nie rozumiem, może Pan / Pani powtórzyć. – I don’t understand, can you repeat, please, Sir / Madam? (formal)

  • Jak powiedzieć [słowo] po polsku? – How do you say [word] in Polish?

    Ex. Jak powiedzieć “cat” po polsku? – How do you say cat in Polish?

  • Możesz to napisać? – Can you write it down, please? (informal)

    Może to Pan / Pani napisać? – Can you write it down, please, Sir / Madam? (formal)

  • Jak to przeczytać? – How do you read this?

9. Bonus: Basic Hotel Phrases

A Hotel

Polish hotels and guesthouses in Polish cities are likely to have staff who’ll speak English well. In smaller towns or independent accommodation arrangements it may be more of an issue. These Polish phrases for travel will assist you if you’re stuck:

  • Czy mają Państwo wolne pokoje? – Do you have any free rooms?

  • Chciałbym / Chciałabym zarezerwować pokój dwuosobowy. – I’d like to book a double room.

    The first form is masculine and the second for female speakers. 

  • Czy w pokoju są ręczniki? – Are there towels in the room?

  • Czy pokój ma widok na morze? – Is it a room with a sea view?

  • Ile kosztuje pokój dla jednej osoby? – How much is a single room?

Have you used any of these Polish language travel phrases yet? Let us know in the comments’ section. 

10. Final Thoughts 

Thanks to this blog post you’ve learnt basic Polish phrases for travelers. They’ll be useful in many everyday situations you could encounter during your travels. Don’t be shy and use Polish as much as you can when in Poland as this is the best language learning opportunity you could imagine. 

Polish travel phrases aren’t everything. Common Polish phrases for travelers are useful but they won’t allow you to have advanced conversations on any topic. To achieve that level you need a platform to structure your learning for you. PolishPod101 is just the right place for you. Try it today! 


How To Post In Perfect Polish on Social Media


You’re learning to speak Polish, and it’s going well. Your confidence is growing! So much so that you feel ready to share your experiences on social media—in Polish.

At Learn Polish, we make this easy for you to get it right the first time. Post like a boss with these phrases and guidelines, and get to practice your Polish in the process.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Polish

1. Talking about Your Restaurant Visit in Polish

Eating out is fun, and often an experience you’d like to share. Take a pic, and start a conversation on social media in Polish. Your friend will be amazed by your language skills…and perhaps your taste in restaurants!

Maciek eats at a restaurant with his friends, posts an image of his food, and leaves this comment:


Let’s break down Maciek’s post.

Obiadek na mieście. Nie ma to jak dobry schabowy!
“Eating out. There is nothing like a good pork cutlet.”

1- Obiadek na mieście.

First is an expression meaning “Eating out.”
In this phrase “dinner” is a diminutive. The latter part literally means “on the town” and is used whenever you go out to eat, do some shopping or run some errands.

2- Nie ma to jak dobry schabowy!

Then comes the phrase – “There is nothing like a good pork cutlet.”
You can use the phrase “there is nothing like a” when saying that something is good and usually traditional. This phrase is very nostalgic. “Pork cutlets” are arguably one of the most traditional Polish dishes, and the first dish a Polish person will miss when traveling abroad.


In response, Maciek’s friends leave some comments.

1- Baw się dobrze!

His neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “Have a good time!”
This is a warmhearted wish for a good time.

2- Mniam, aż mi ślinka leci!

His college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “Yummy, my mouth is watering!”
Tomek expresses a personal opinion about an observation – always a conversation starter!.

3- Wygląda apetycznie.

His supervisor, Bartek, uses an expression meaning – “This looks delicious.”
Another positive comment, Maciek’s supervisor wishes to be part of the conversation.

4- Ślinotok…

His girlfriend’s high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “Mouth watering.”
Ania shares everyone’s sentiments in a short and sweet comment.


Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • miasto (city): “city”
  • bawić się (“enjoy, have fun, play” ): “enjoy, have fun, play”
  • ślina: “saliva”
  • apetycznie: “invitingly (about food)”
  • ślinotok: “salivation”
  • wyglądać (to look): “to look like”
  • mniam: “yummy”
  • So, let’s practice a bit. If a friend posted something about having dinner with friends, which phrase would you use?

    Now go visit a Polish restaurant, and wow the staff with your language skills!

    2. Post about Your Mall Visit in Polish

    Another super topic for social media is shopping—everybody does it, most everybody loves it, and your friends on social media are probably curious about your shopping sprees! Share these Polish phrases in posts when you visit a mall.

    Kasia shop with her sister at the mall, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Kasia’s post.

    Na doła najlepsze są zakupy.
    “When you are down, shopping is the best medicine.”

    1- Na doła

    First is an expression meaning “when you are down.”
    Literally, this expression means “in a pit,” but it’s similar to the English phrase “to be down,” suggesting that the downward direction is generally associated with “bad moods” across different cultures and languages.

    2- najlepsze są zakupy

    Then comes the phrase – “shopping is the best.”
    Here we have the plural form of the verb ‘to be,’ because the noun ‘shopping’ doesn’t have a singular form in Polish.


    In response, Kasia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Tylko wszystkiego nie wydaj.

    Her boyfriend, Maciek, uses an expression meaning – “Just don’t spend all your money.”
    Maciek enters the conversation with a realistic bit of advice.

    2- Dobrze, że nie wzięłaś mojej Magdy ze sobą.

    Her boyfriend’s college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “It’s good you didn’t take my Magda with you.”
    This is a comment with personal details known possibly only to Kasia and Maciek’s friend Tomek. We assume he’s referring here to his girlfriend or wife. This type of comment could well elicit a response from the poster, encouraging conversation.

    3- Jak szaleć to na całego.

    Her high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “When you go crazy, you shouldn’t hold yourself back.”
    Different from Maciek, Ania feels Kasia should not be limited in her spending. This type of commenting can evoke participation – a nice way to keep a thread alive!

    4- Świetna ta spódnica!

    Her boyfriend’s high school friend, Ula, uses an expression meaning – “This is a great skirt!”
    Ula expresses appreciation for something he observes in the photo.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • na doła: “when feeling down”
  • tylko (just, only): “just, only”
  • wziąć: “to take “
  • szaleć (“get crazy, get mad, rock” ): “get crazy, get mad, rock”
  • świetny (great): “great”
  • spódnica (“skirt” ): “skirt”
  • zakupy: “shopping”
  • So, if a friend posted something about going shopping, which phrase would you use?

    3. Talking about a Sport Day in Polish

    Sports events, whether you’re the spectator or the sports person, offer fantastic opportunity for great social media posts. Learn some handy phrases and vocabulary to start a sport-on-the-beach conversation in Polish.

    Maciek goes to the gym, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Maciek’s post.

    Nie ma jak siłka po pracy.
    “There is nothing better than hitting the gym after work.”

    1- Nie ma jak

    First is an expression meaning “There is nothing like.”
    This expression literally means “There is nothing like.” One can use it to express that they believe something is great and enjoyable.

    2- siłka po pracy

    Then comes the phrase – “gym after work.”
    The first part of this expression is a less formal way of saying “gym”. This word comes from “force, strength.” The second part means “after work.”


    In response, Maciek’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Podziwiam…

    His neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “I admire you…”
    This is a compliment, and will always go down well on a thread!

    2- Wysiłek fizyczny jest bardzo ważny dla zdrowia.

    His supervisor, Bartek, uses an expression meaning – “Exercising is very important for your health.”
    Bartek sounds a bit like a parent or an uncle with this advice – all in good spirit, though, and not inappropriate.

    3- Wreszcie się wujek wziął za ten brzuszek piwny.

    His girlfriend’s nephew, Franek, uses an expression meaning – “Finally, you (uncle) took care of your beer belly.”
    Franek is maybe a bit young, so he uses sarcasm in an attempt to be humorous. Or perhaps this is the way he and Maciek banter with each other! Unless you know the poster well, or it is part of thread’s general style, criticizing someone’s appearance on social media could be disastrous.

    4- Napisz lepiej ile wytrzymałeś?

    His college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “Better write down how long you lasted.”
    This comment is similar in feel to Franek’s, so perhaps this is the way the males joke around with each other!


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • siłka: “gym”
  • podziwiać: “to admire”
  • ważny: “important”
  • wziąć się za: “to start dealing with (a problem)”
  • wytrzymać: “withstand”
  • ile (How many?): “How many?”
  • napisać (“to write; to write down” ): “to write, to write down”
  • Which phrase would you use if a friend posted something about sports?

    But sport is not the only thing you can play! Play some music, and share it on social media.

    4. Share a Song on Social Media in Polish

    Music is the language of the soul, they say. So, don’t hold back—share what touches your soul with your friends!

    Kasia listens to her favorite music, posts a link to a song, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Kasia’s post.

    No taką muzykę to ja lubię…
    “Well, this kind of music I do like!”

    1- No taką muzykę

    First is an expression meaning “Well, such a music.”
    The first part is a very useful expression meaning “Well such a.” It is usually followed by a positive statement with a noun at the front (here “music” ) in the accusative form.

    2- to ja lubię

    Then comes the phrase – “this I like .”
    By using an inversion in this sentence (putting “this” at the beginning), the statement becomes stronger. It’s important to use it in this order because it connects the previous part.


    In response, Kasia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Fajne to.

    Her neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “Cool.”
    Short and sweet, there’s no doubt how this poster feels about the song.

    2- Przypomina mi się nasz pierwszy taniec…

    Her boyfriend, Maciek, uses an expression meaning – “It reminds me of our first dance.”
    The music makes Maciek nostalgic and feeling a bit romantic – always good to share positive memories on a friend’s feed!

    3- Z tego, co pamiętam, to leciało na naszej studniówce.

    Her high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “(As far) as I remember, they played this song at our prom.”
    Ania has different but nevertheless positive memories of this song.

    4- Maciek, jaki z Ciebie romantyk!

    Her boyfriend’s high school friend, Ula, uses an expression meaning – “Maciek, what a romantic guy you are!”
    Excellent! Ula is responding not to Kasia’s post, but Maciek’s, which means the conversation is alive! The comment is playful and harmless.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • muzyka (music): “music”
  • fajne: “cool”
  • przypominać się: “remind of”
  • pamiętać (to remember): “remember “
  • romantyk: “romantic person”
  • jaki (what…like, what (describing masculine nouns)): “what…like, what (describing masculine nouns)”
  • studniówka: “prom”
  • Which song would you share? And what would you say to a friend who posted something about sharing music or videos?

    Now you know how to start a conversation about a song or a video on social media!

    5. Polish Social Media Comments about a Concert

    Still on the theme of music—visiting live concerts and shows just have to be shared with your friends. Here are some handy phrases and vocab to wow your followers in Polish!

    Maciek goes to see a concert with his friends, posts an image of the band, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Maciek’s post.

    Dają czadu!
    “They rock!”

    1- dają

    First is an expression meaning “they give.”
    This is the plural form of “to give,” but in this phrase it means more like “show.” The whole phrase is a set expression, so one cannot change the verb or the noun.

    2- czadu

    Then comes the phrase – “rock, power.”
    This word, meaning “power,” or just “rock,” is used as a set with the previous verb to form the phrase “They rock.” It is usually used by young people.


    In response, Maciek’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Miłej zabawy!

    His neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “Have fun!”
    This is a warmhearted wish from Ola which is commonly used this way.

    2- Zazdroszczę!

    His girlfriend’s high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “I envy you!”
    Ania clearly wishes she was part of the fun.

    3- Nie najgorszy ten zespół.

    His college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “This band isn’t too bad.”
    Tomek shares a personal opinion about the band. He’s not raving about them, but he doesn’t dislike them either, so he’s feelings about them are mild.

    4- Tylko nie wróć za późno.

    His girlfriend, Kasia, uses an expression meaning – “Just don’t come back too late.”
    Girlfriends! Perhaps she is concerned because he has to work tomorrow…or she just misses him.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • czad: “coolness”
  • zabawa: “fun”
  • zazdrościć: “envy”
  • zespół (“band, team” ): “band, team”
  • wrócić: “come back”
  • za (behind): “too”
  • późno: “late”
  • If a friend posted something about a concert, which phrase would you use?

    6. Talking about an Unfortunate Accident in Polish

    Oh dear. You broke something by accident. Use these Polish phrases to start a thread on social media. Or maybe just to let your friends know why you are not contacting them!

    Kasia has broken her iPhone’s screen, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Kasia’s post.

    I po iPhonie…
    “And that’s it for my iPhone.”

    1- I

    First is an expression meaning “and.”
    This conjunction is usually translated to “and” in English. In Polish it is usually used to connect two nouns rather than two sentences. Here, it starts the phrase, which means that there was something before that (but we don’t know what).

    2- po iPhonie

    Then comes the phrase – “that’s it for my iPhone..”
    This literally means “after iPhone,” but this kind of expression is used to say that an event is over or, like in this case, that something is not working anymore. Notice that “iPhone” is a word that came from English; however, Poles like to change the endings depending on the grammatical case being used.


    In response, Kasia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Zawsze możesz wymienić ekran.

    Her neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “You can always replace the screen. ”
    Ola has practical advice for Kasia.

    2- I po co szajsfona kupowałaś?

    Her boyfriend’s college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “And why did you buy the Not-So-Good-Phone?”
    Tomek is probably not a fan of iPhones! This is a harmless comment which could elicit conversation about phone preferences.

    3- Głowa do góry! Ważne, że działa!

    Her boyfriend’s high school friend, Ula, uses an expression meaning – “Cheer up! It works and that’s what’s important!”
    Ula also points out a positive aspect to Kasia’s situation.

    4- A mówiłem cioci, żeby uważała.

    Her nephew, Franek, uses an expression meaning – “I told you, auntie, that you should be careful.”
    Franek sounds like Kasia’s mother! This type of comment can be playful and joking too.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • po (in): “after”
  • ekran: “screen”
  • szajsfon: “smartphone (slang)”
  • głowa (head): “head”
  • ciocia: “auntie”
  • żeby: “so that”
  • uważać (“to consider” ): “to consider”
  • If a friend posted something about having broken something by accident, which phrase would you use?

    So, now you know how to discuss an accident in Polish. Well done!

    7. Chat about Your Boredom on Social Media in Polish

    Sometimes, we’re just bored with how life goes. And to alleviate the boredom, we write about it on social media. Add some excitement to your posts by addressing your friends and followers in Polish!

    Maciek is bored, posts an appropriate selfie, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Maciek’s post.

    Umieram z nudów…
    “I’m dying of boredom…”

    1- umieram z

    First is an expression meaning “I’m dying from.”
    Poles love to complain, and one of the ways of doing that is by using this phrase. Note that the word that follows will be always a noun.

    2- nudów

    Then comes the phrase – “boredom.”
    “Boredom” is a plural noun, which doesn’t have a singular form. In this phrase, it’s in the genitive case because the first part requires it.


    In response, Maciek’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Może coś obejrzysz?

    His neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “Maybe you should watch something?”
    Ola offers advice again, eager that Maciek doesn’t suffer!

    2- Posprzątaj mi pokój!

    His college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “Clean up my room!”
    Tomek has practical advice as well, but he is most probably joking around.

    3- Inteligentni ludzie się nigdy nie nudzą.

    His girlfriend’s high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “Intelligent people are never bored.”
    Ania is stepping on thin ice! She probably has a very good relationship with Maciek, or this could sound like criticism. She is probably joking and wanting to draw him out.

    4- Jest fajna pogoda, może pójdziesz na spacer?

    His girlfriend, Kasia, uses an expression meaning – “It’s nice weather. Maybe go for walk?”
    Kasia offers practical, down-to-earth advice.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • umierać: “die”
  • coś (anything; something): “anything; something”
  • pokój (room): “room”
  • nudzić się: “be bored”
  • fajna: “cool”
  • pogoda (weather): “weather”
  • spacer (“walk” ): “walk”
  • nuda: “boredom”
  • If a friend posted something about being bored, which phrase would you use?

    Still bored? Share another feeling and see if you can start a conversation!

    8. Exhausted? Share It on Social Media in Polish

    Sitting in public transport after work, feeling like chatting online? Well, converse in Polish about how you feel, and let your friends join in!

    Kasia is exhausted after work, posts an image of herself looking dog-tired, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Kasia’s post.

    Padam… Nóg nie czuję.
    “I’m dying… I don’t feel my legs.”

    1- Padam…

    First is an expression meaning “I’m dying….”
    This literally means “I’m falling down” and is very often used to communicate that one is so tired that he or she cannot stand anymore.

    2- Nóg nie czuję.

    Then comes the phrase – “I don’t feel my legs..”
    This is yet another very common phrase to complain about being tired, especially after walking a lot.


    In response, Kasia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Kolacja czeka.

    Her boyfriend, Maciek, uses an expression meaning – “Dinner’s waiting.”
    Maciek is being supportive and encouraging – a sweet comment from a boyfriend. Kasia can look forward to a welcoming home.

    2- Masaż?

    Her neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “Massage?”
    Is Ola offering a massage or is she making a suggestion? Only she and Kasia will know!

    3- Nie przepracowuj się tak.

    Her high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “Don’t work too hard.”
    Ania is showing her sympathy with Kasia’s predicament, offering caring advice.

    4- Weź gorącą kąpiel.

    Her boyfriend’s high school friend, Ula, uses an expression meaning – “Take a hot bath.”
    Yet more advice – Kasia has a whole list of things she could do at home to feel better!


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • padać (“to fall (of atmospheric precipitation)” ): “to fall (of atmospheric precipitation)”
  • kolacja: “supper”
  • masaż: “massage”
  • przepracowywać się: “work too hard”
  • kąpiel: “bath”
  • brać kąpiel: “take a bath”
  • czekać (“wait” ): “wait”
  • czuć: “feel”
  • If a friend posted something about being exhausted, which phrase would you use?

    Now you know how to say you’re exhausted in Polish! Well done.

    9. Talking about an Injury in Polish

    So life happens, and you manage to hurt yourself during a soccer game. Very Tweet-worthy! Here’s how to do it in Polish.

    Maciek has broken his leg, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Maciek’s post.

    No i noga w gipsie.
    “And a leg in a cast!”

    1- no i

    First is an expression meaning “and .”
    Yet another way of saying “and.” It is used mostly at the beginning of a sentence and is closer in meaning to “and then” or “and finally.”

    2- noga w gipsie.

    Then comes the phrase – “a leg in the cast.”
    This expression literally means “a leg in a cast.” Note that the first part meaning “leg” can be changed to any body part without having to change the latter part.


    In response, Maciek’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Daj się podpisać!

    His girlfriend’s high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “Let me sign it for you!”
    Ania chooses to respond positively to this shocking news. Perhaps she already knew?

    2- Jak to zrobiłeś?

    His girlfriend, Kasia, uses an expression meaning – “How did you do that?”
    Well, Kasia learns about this only now, and she is curious as to how he injured himself.

    3- Zdrowiej szybko!

    His high school friend, Ula, uses an expression meaning – “Get well soon!”
    This is a traditional, often-used comment to wish someone good health.

    4- Spokojna głowa, dasz radę!

    His college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “No worries, you’ll manage!”
    Tomek feels confident that Maciek won’t suffer too much.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • noga (“leg” ): “leg”
  • podpisać: “sign”
  • zrobić (“to take (pictures only); to do, to make” ): “to take (pictures only); to do, to make”
  • szybko (fast): “fast”
  • spokojny: “peaceful”
  • głowa (head): “head”
  • dać radę: “keep going, manage”
  • gips: “cast”
  • If a friend posted something about being injured, which phrase would you use?

    We love to share our fortunes and misfortunes; somehow that makes us feel connected to others.

    10. Starting a Conversation Feeling Disappointed in Polish

    Sometimes things don’t go the way we planned. Share your disappointment about this with your friends!

    Kasia is disappointed that it’s raining, posts an image of it pouring down, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Kasia’s post.

    Nie znoszę deszczu…
    “I hate rain…”

    1- nie znoszę

    First is an expression meaning “I can’t stand.”
    This is a relatively strong way to say that one hates something. You can use a softer expression, but this one sounds better when complaining about the rain.

    2- deszczu

    Then comes the phrase – “rain.”
    “Rain” is in the genitive case. You have to use this case because the whole sentence is a negation.


    In response, Kasia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- My na wakacjach i też pada.

    Her neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “We’re on vacation and it’s also raining.”
    Ola is sharing Kasia’s sentiments and shares a personal detail – a good way to keep a conversation going on a thread!

    2- Głowa do góry!

    Her high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “Cheer up!”
    Ania has short and bold advice for the situation.

    3- My jesteśmy w Indonezji i na pogodę nie narzekamy.

    Her supervisor, Bartek, uses an expression meaning – “We’re in Indonesia, and we can’t complain about the weather.”
    Bartek is luckier; he shares this with a personal detail.

    4- Ja też nie.

    Her boyfriend, Maciek, uses an expression meaning – “Me neither.”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling determined.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • znosić: “put up with”
  • wakacje: “vacation”
  • do (to, until): “to, until”
  • narzekać: “complain”
  • też (also, too): “also, too”
  • góra (mountain): “up, upwards”
  • pogoda (weather): “weather”
  • deszcz (rain): “rain”
  • How would you comment in Polish when a friend is disappointed?

    Not all posts need to be about a negative feeling, though!

    11. Talking about Your Relationship Status in Polish

    Don’t just change your relationship status in Settings, talk about it!

    Maciek ask Kasia to be his girlfriend, posts an image of them together, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Maciek’s post.

    Moja druga połówka…
    “My other half…”

    1- moja

    First is an expression meaning “my.”
    This form of “my” is used only when referring to a feminine noun. For masculine and neuter nouns one would have to change the ending.

    2- druga połówka

    Then comes the phrase – “second half.”
    One can use “second half” to refer to a loved one, or to put it simply, to their “other half”.


    In response, Maciek’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Gratulacje!

    His girlfriend’s high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “Congratulations!”
    This traditional comment on any news of this nature is commonly and widely used.

    2- Nareszcie!

    His high school friend, Ula, uses an expression meaning – “It’s high time!”
    Ula probably saw this relationship coming! Hers is a positive comment in this context.

    3- Super.

    His neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “Super.”
    Ola also thinks this is good news and says so with a short and sweet comment.

    4- Łał!

    His college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “Wow!”
    Tomek is also amazed, also keeping his comment short.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • moja: “my”
  • gratulacje: “congratulations”
  • nareszcie: “finally”
  • super (super): “super”
  • łał: “wow”
  • druga (“second” ): “second”
  • połówka: “half”
  • What would you say in Polish when a friend changes their relationship status?

    Being in a good relationship with someone special is good news – don’t be shy to spread it!

    12. Post about Getting Married in Polish

    Wow, so things got serious, and you’re getting married. Congratulations! Or, your friend is getting married, so talk about this in Polish.

    Kasia gets married, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Kasia’s post.

    Z moim jedynym.
    “With my one and only.”

    1- z moim

    First is an expression meaning “with my.”
    “With my” suggests that the object of the sentence is a man or another masculine noun. For a woman you would have to change the ending.

    2- jedynym

    Then comes the phrase – “only, sole.”
    “Only” here is really more like “the only one”. It will always refer to a man. For a woman you would have to change the ending.


    In response, Kasia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Moja żona.

    Her husband, Maciek, uses an expression meaning – “My wife.”
    Sometimes, less is more, and Maciek is clearly very proud to call Kasia his wife. His short, sweet comment speaks volumes!

    2- Szybcy jesteście.

    Her high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “You guys are fast.”
    Ania makes an observation that could be neutral or loaded in nature, depending on the personal context.

    3- Tak się cieszę!

    Her husband’s high school friend, Ula, uses an expression meaning – “I’m so happy!”
    Ula is clearly very happy about this marriage.

    4- Serdecznie Wam gratuluję.

    Her supervisor, Bartek, uses an expression meaning – “I would like to congratulate you.”
    Bartek’s slightly stilted comment is the longer version of the traditional way to congratulate people on happy events.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • z (with): “with”
  • żona (wife): “wife”
  • szybki: “fast”
  • cieszyć się: “enjoy”
  • serdecznie: “heartily”
  • wy: “you (plural)”
  • gratulować: “congratulate”
  • mój (my, mine): “my, mine”
  • How would you respond in Polish to a friend’s post about getting married?

    For the next topic, fast forward about a year into the future after the marriage…

    13. Announcing Big News in Polish

    Wow, huge stuff is happening in your life! Announce it on social media in Polish.

    Maciek is going to be a dad, posts an image of him and a pregnant Kasia, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Maciek’s post.

    Niedługo będzie nas troje.
    “Soon there will be three of us.”

    1- niedługo

    First is an expression meaning “soon.”
    This adverb actually means “not long,” however we write it as one word. You can use it when talking about things that will happen soon. The word usually comes at the beginning of the sentence.

    2- będzie nas troje

    Then comes the phrase – “there will be three of us.”
    This phrase is in the future tense. It signifies that a change will happen.


    In response, Maciek’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Wspaniale!

    His neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “Great!”
    Ola leaves an enthusiastic, one-word comment to express how she feels about this news.

    2- Chłopczyk czy dziewczynka?

    His wife’s high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “A boy or a girl?”
    Ania wants more information, which is a good way to keep a conversation rolling.

    3- Oby się nie wdało w tatę!

    His college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “Hopefully it won’t be like its daddy!”
    Tomek makes fun of his friend and pulls his leg with this comment.

    4- Będę miał kuzyna!

    His wife’s nephew, Franek, uses an expression meaning – “I will have a cousin!”
    Franek seems happy for a change! He states the obvious, but it means a lot to him.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • troje: “three”
  • wspaniale: “wonderfully “
  • dziewczynka (“girl (2-15)” ): “girl (2-15)”
  • oby: “may, if only”
  • mieć (to have): “have “
  • chłopczyk: “boy “
  • kuzyn: “cousin”
  • niedługo: “soon”
  • Which phrase would you choose when a friend announces their pregnancy on social media?

    So, talking about a pregnancy will get you a lot of traction on social media. But wait till you see the responses to babies!

    14. Posting Polish Comments about Your Baby

    Your bundle of joy is here, and you cannot keep quiet about it! Share your thoughts in Polish.

    After the birth of their baby, Kasia posts an image of the sweet angel, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Kasia’s post.

    Nasza córeczka!
    “Our daughter!”

    1- nasza

    First is an expression meaning “our.”
    This possessive pronoun communicates that one thing is owned by two or more people. The ending of it will change depending on the gender of the noun that follows.

    2- córeczka

    Then comes the phrase – “lovely daughter.”
    Even though this noun means “daughter,” it is a diminutive, which changes the meaning to “lovely daughter,” showing the love that parents have for their child.


    In response, Kasia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Najpiękniejsza na świecie.

    Her husband, Maciek, uses an expression meaning – “The most beautiful one in the world.”
    Daddy is clearly very proud! His post is in answer to Kasia’s.

    2- Wykapany tatuś!

    Her college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “Just like daddy!”
    Tomek thinks the girl takes after her father!

    3- Moje gratulacje!

    Her supervisor, Bartek, uses an expression meaning – “My congratulations!”
    Bartek shows his happiness with this short but positive comment.

    4- Jaki słodziuch!

    Her husband’s high school friend, Ula, uses an expression meaning – “What a cutie!”
    Ula leaves an opinion about the baby, and his observation is quite common where babies are concerned.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • córeczka: “lovely daugther”
  • świat (world): “world”
  • tatuś: “daddy”
  • gratulacje: “congratulations”
  • jaki (what…like, what (describing masculine nouns)): “what…like, what (describing masculine nouns)”
  • moje (mine): “my”
  • słodziuch: “cute little thing”
  • wykapany: “just like (sb)”
  • If your friend is the mother or father, which phrase would you use on social media?

    Congratulations, you know the basics of chatting about a baby in Polish! But we’re not done with families yet…

    15. Polish Comments about a Family Reunion

    Family reunions – some you love, some you hate. Share about it on your feed.

    Maciek attends a family reunion, posts an image of the food-laden table, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Maciek’s post.

    Pękam… Nie ma to jak pierogi babci…
    “I’m going to explode… There’s nothing like grandma’s pierogies.”

    1- Pękam…

    First is an expression meaning “I’m going to explode….”
    This single verb literally means “to explode, to burst, to spring.” However, you can also use like in this phrase, meaning “to overeat.” Pierogies are sweet or savory dumplings common to Poland.

    2- Nie ma to jak pierogi babci…

    Then comes the phrase – “There is nothing like grandma’s pierogies..”
    Polish people love pierogies. There are more than 100 kinds of them. But everyone knows that grandma’s pierogies are the best of all.


    In response, Maciek’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Wyglądają przepysznie.

    His neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “They look delicious.”
    Ola expresses her appreciation of the pierogies.

    2- Nareszcie trochę przytyjesz!

    His wife’s high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “Finally you will gain some weight!”
    Ania thinks Maciek is going to eat too much! She’s playful and joking with him, of course.

    3- A gdzie to tak ładnie?

    His college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “Where is it? So nice.”
    Tomek clearly wishes he could share in the feast!

    4- Pójdzie w brzuszek.

    His wife’s nephew, Franek, uses an expression meaning – “You will get a belly!”
    Franek’s opinion is probably harmless because family can admonish one another like this.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • pękać: “explode, burst”
  • przepysznie: “deliciously “
  • trochę (a little): “a bit”
  • ładnie: “nice”
  • brzuszek: “tummy”
  • babcia (grandmother, grandma): “grandmother, grandma”
  • przytyć: “gain weight”
  • wyglądać (to look): “to look”
  • Which phrase is your favorite to comment on a friend’s photo about a family reunion?

    16. Post about Your Travel Plans in Polish

    So, the family are going on holiday. Do you know how to post and leave comments in Polish about being at the airport, waiting for a flight?

    Kasia goes on holiday, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Kasia’s post.

    No to urlop!
    “Here come the holidays!”

    1- no to

    First is an expression meaning “well then.”
    One can use this phrase to indicate that he or she will start something. It shows the speaker’s enthusiasm and engagement.

    2- urlop

    Then comes the phrase – “holiday.”
    Even though this noun translates to “holiday” in English, in Polish it’s used only to refer to a work holiday.


    In response, Kasia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Przywieźcie nam pogodę!

    Her neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “Bring us back nice weather!”
    Ola is making conversation, using the weather as a topic.

    2- Udanych wakacji.

    Her supervisor, Bartek, uses an expression meaning – “Have a nice holiday.”
    This is a traditional positive wish when someone goes on holiday leave.

    3- Odezwijcie się po przyjeździe.

    Her husband’s high school friend, Ula, uses an expression meaning – “Let me know when you’re back.”
    Ula leaves a friendly instruction as a comment.

    4- Musimy się spotkać po przyjeździe.

    Her college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “We have to meet (up) when you’re back.”
    Tomek probably wants to chat about his friend’s holiday, right?


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • urlop (vacation, leave): “vacation, leave”
  • pogoda (weather): “weather”
  • udany: “successful”
  • odezwać się: “let…know, call”
  • musieć (“to have to, must” ): “to have to, must”
  • po (in): “after”
  • przyjazd: “arrival”
  • przywieźć: “bring”
  • Choose and memorize your best airport phrase in Polish!

    Hopefully the rest of the trip is better!

    17. Posting about an Interesting Find in Polish

    So maybe you’re strolling around at the local market while on holiday, and find something interesting. Here are some handy Polish phrases!

    Maciek finds something interesting at a market, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Maciek’s post.

    Ale czad!
    “How cool!”

    1- ale

    First is an expression meaning “what a.”
    This is usually a conjunction. However at the beginning of a sentence it means “what a.” It shows the amazement of the speaker.

    2- czad

    Then comes the phrase – “power.”
    Young people love to use this phrase. Its other meaning is “carbon monoxide,” but most people use it to say that something is cool.


    In response, Maciek’s friends leave some comments.

    1- A to co?

    His neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “What is that?”
    Ola wants to know more about Maciek’s find.

    2- Yyy… Powiedz, że tego nie kupiłeś…

    His wife, Kasia, uses an expression meaning – “Um… Please tell me that you didn’t buy this…”
    Kasia is clearly not impressed with Maciek’s find!

    3- Toż to klasyk!

    His high school friend, Ula, uses an expression meaning – “Wow, that’s a classic (one)!”
    Ula doesn’t seem to agree with Kasia, and thinks Maciek found something classic.

    4- Też chcę!

    His college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “I want one too!”
    Tomek joins Ula in this positive statement.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • ale (but): “what a “
  • to (this): “this”
  • powiedzieć (to say; to tell): “to say; to tell”
  • klasyk: “classic”
  • też (also, too): “also, too”
  • chcieć (to want): “to want”
  • toż: “but”
  • kupić (to buy): “to buy”
  • Which phrase would you use to comment on a friend’s interesting find?

    Perhaps you will even learn the identity of your find! Or perhaps you’re on holiday, and visiting interesting places…

    18. Post about a Sightseeing Trip in Polish

    Let your friends know what you’re up to in Polish, especially when visiting a remarkable place! Don’t forget the photo.

    Kasia visits a remarkable place, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Kasia’s post.

    60 minut opóźnienia, ale warto było…
    “60-minute delay, but it was worth it…”

    1- 60 minut opóźnienia

    First is an expression meaning “60-minute delay.”
    Poles love to complain about almost anything, and definitely one of the best ways to do so is by complaining about trains, planes, or buses being delayed. Which, by the way, still happens in Poland quite often.

    2- ale warto było

    Then comes the phrase – “it was worth waiting for”.
    This phrase shows that something was worth doing. Note that the verb describing the action will be always in the infinitive.


    In response, Kasia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Pięknie tam macie…

    Her supervisor, Bartek, uses an expression meaning – “You have it very beautiful there…”
    Bartek comments with an opinion that shows his appreciation.

    2- Też bym tak chciała…

    Her neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “I would like this too…”
    Ola would like to be where Kasia is!

    3- Następnym razem weźcie mnie ze sobą do walizki.

    Her high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “Next time bring me with you in a suitcase.”
    Ania is also not where she would like to be! This is a fun, joking comment.

    4- Nieźle Wam tam!

    Her husband’s high school friend, Ula, uses an expression meaning – “It’s pretty nice there, huh!”
    Ula leaves a positive, appreciative comment.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • opóźnienie: “delay”
  • pięknie (beautiful, beautifully): “beautiful, beautifully”
  • tak (“yes” ): “so”
  • następny (next): “next”
  • nieźle: “not bad”
  • walizka (“suitcase” ): “suitcase”
  • razem: “together “
  • ale (but): “but”
  • Which phrase would you prefer when a friend posts about a famous landmark?

    Share your special places with the world. Or simply post about your relaxing experiences.

    19. Post about Relaxing Somewhere in Polish

    So you’re doing nothing yet you enjoy that too? Tell your social media friends about it in Polish!

    Maciek takes a rest, posts a selfie showing him relaxing in the sun, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Maciek’s post.

    Ciepełko i słoneczko!
    “Warm and sunny!”

    1- Ciepełko

    First is an expression meaning “warm.”
    This actually translates to “warmth.” It’s presented here in its diminutive form which shows the positive feelings of the writer.

    2- i słoneczko

    Then comes the phrase – “and sun.”
    Same as with the noun above, the word “sun” is also in its diminutive form to match the mood of the entire phrase. This is a very common way of writing in social media, even among adults.


    In response, Maciek’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Nie za dobrze Wam tam.

    His college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “You sure you’re not enjoying it a little too much.”
    Tomek is joking around a bit with this comment. He is probably envious of Maciek!

    2- Zazdroszczę… A u nas pełna zima.

    His neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “I envy you… Here we’re in the middle of winter.”
    Ola is making it clear that she’s envious! She also shares a personal detail about the weather where she is.

    3- Zamień się!

    His wife’s high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “Switch places with me!”
    Ania also makes her wish clear.

    4- Ależ tam pięknie!

    His supervisor, Bartek, uses an expression meaning – “Oh, how beautiful!”
    Bartek thinks the place where Maciek rests is beautiful, and says so simply!


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • ciepełko: “warm”
  • dobrze (well): “well”
  • zazdrościć: “envy”
  • zamienić się: “switch with sb”
  • ależ: “oh”
  • tam (there): “there”
  • pięknie (beautiful, beautifully): “beautiful, beautifully”
  • zima: “winter”
  • Which phrase would you use to comment on a friend’s feed?

    The break was great, but now it’s time to return home.

    20. What to Say in Polish When You’re Home Again

    And you’re back! What will you share with friends and followers?

    When Kasia when back home, she posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Kasia’s post.

    No i jesteśmy z powrotem…
    “And we’re back…”

    1- No i jesteśmy

    First is an expression meaning “Here we are.”
    You can use this phrase when arriving somewhere, but only if you’re with more than one person. For example you could use it when traveling somewhere with friends or family.

    2- z powrotem…

    Then comes the phrase – “back….”
    This word, meaning “back,” is usually used with verbs describing movement, like “to go” or “to come,” as well as the copula “to be.” It is the same as the English phrase “I am back.”


    In response, Kasia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- I jak było?

    Her neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “How was it?”
    Ola partakes in the conversation with a question.

    2- Powrót do szarej rzeczywistości?

    Her high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “Back to reality?”
    This could a rhetorical question, meaning Ania doesn’t really expect an answer, but it could well be a conversation starter too!

    3- Witamy z powrotem.

    Her supervisor, Bartek, uses an expression meaning – “Welcome back.”
    Kasia’s supervisor wishes her a welcome return.

    4- To co? Planujecie kolejny urlop?

    Her husband’s high school friend, Ula, uses an expression meaning – “So what? Are you planning the next vacation?”
    Ula thinks maybe Kasia is down about the return, and he tries to cheer her up.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • z powrotem: “back”
  • jak (how): “how”
  • powrót: “return”
  • witamy: “welcome”
  • urlop (vacation, leave): “vacation, leave”
  • planować (to plan): “to plan”
  • szara: “grey”
  • rzeczywistość: “reality”
  • How would you welcome a friend back from a trip?

    What do you post on social media when you’re partaking in something special, like a charity event?

    21. It’s Time to Celebrate in Polish

    It’s an important occasion and you wish to post something about it on social media. What would you say?

    Maciek joins a charity event for a worthy cause, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Maciek’s post.

    Już 3 serduszka w tym roku!
    “Already 3 hearts this year!”

    1- Już 3 serduszka

    First is an expression meaning “Already 3 hearts.”
    The “hearts” in this expression refer to stickers you get when you donate money to the Great Orchestra of Christmas Charity of Warsaw. These stickers are a way of saying “thank you for the donation,” but are also a way of marking people who have already donated. This way you won’t be asked to donate a second time, but most people will donate a few times anyway.

    2- w tym roku

    Then comes the phrase – “in this year.”
    This phrase is made of the preposition meaning “in” and a phrase meaning “this year,” which needs to be in the genitive case.


    In response, Maciek’s friends leave some comments.

    1- My też z żoną pomagamy.

    His supervisor, Bartek, uses an expression meaning – “My wife and I also donate.”
    Bartek is making conversation with this comment.

    2- Wrzucisz za mnie?

    His wife’s high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “Will you donate for me?”
    Ania clearly wants to be part of this!

    3- Nasz Wojtuś jest wolontariuszem.

    His neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “Our Wojtus is a volunteer.”
    This is again a comment where context would be important. Who is Wojtus?

    4- Zacny cel!

    His college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “Worthy cause!”
    Tomek comments with his appreciative opinion.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • serduszko: “little heart”
  • też (also, too): “also, too”
  • wrzucać: “throw in”
  • wolontariusz: “volunteer”
  • zacny: “noble”
  • cel (“goal, aim” ): “goal, aim”
  • pomagać (help): “help”
  • żona (wife): “wife”
  • If a friend posted something about a charity event, which phrase would you use?

    This type of public events are not the only special ones to remember!

    22. Posting about a Birthday on Social Media in Polish

    Your friend or you are celebrating your birthday in an unexpected way. Be sure to share this on social media!

    Kasia celebrates her birthday, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Kasia’s post.

    Co za niespodzianka! Dziękuję, jesteście wspaniali!
    “What a surprise! Thank you so much; you are wonderful!”

    1- Co za niespodzianka!

    First is an expression meaning “What a surprise!”
    This phrase is used to express amazement and excitement. It also shows gratitude.

    2- Dziękuję, jesteście wspaniali!

    Then comes the phrase – “Thank you, you are wonderful!”
    This is a great way to show one’s gratitude for something. You can use it when referring to a group of people but not to a single person.


    In response, Kasia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Wszystkiego najlepszego.

    Her neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “Best wishes.”
    Ola congratulates Kasia with a traditional, very short well-wish.

    2- Latek przybywa.

    Her high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “More and more years.”
    Ania is joking with her friend here, commenting on growing older.

    3- Najlepszego, kochanie.

    Her husband, Maciek, uses an expression meaning – “All the best, baby.”
    Maciek is leaving a short wish for his wife.

    4- Spóźnione 100 lat!

    Her college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “Happy belated birthday!”
    Tomek obviously forgot her birthday, but makes up for it with this belated birthday wish.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • niespodzianka: “surprise”
  • wszystko (“everything” ): “everything”
  • latka: “years (diminutive)”
  • kochanie: “sweetheart”
  • spóźniony (to be late): “late”
  • 100 (sto): “one hundred”
  • co (what): “what”
  • przybywać: “increase”
  • If a friend posted something about birthday greetings, which phrase would you use?

    23. Talking about New Year on Social Media in Polish

    Impress your friend with your Polish New Year’s wishes this year. Learn the phrases easily!

    Maciek celebrates New Year, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Maciek’s post.

    Szczęśliwego nowego roku!

    “Happy New Year”

    1- Szczęśliwego

    First is an expression meaning “happy.”
    As in many other countries, in Poland, you usually wish friends and family a “happy” New Year. There are other expressions, however, that are less popular, especially among the younger generation.

    2- nowego roku!

    Then comes the phrase – “new year.”
    In Poland people often send New Year’s greetings to each other. However, many people don’t realize that the “New Year” part should be written in lowercase letters, otherwise it will mean just the first day of the year.


    In response, Maciek’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Nawzajem.

    His neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “And to you too.”
    Ola responds directly to Maciek’s post, wishing him the same for the New Year.

    2- Szampańskiej zabawy

    His college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “Champagne fun!”
    Tomek is making conversation with this comment. The champagne refers to celebrations.

    3- Do siego roku!

    His high school friend, Ula, uses an expression meaning – “Happy New Year!”
    Ula responds with another New Year’s greeting.

    4- No i kolejny rok za nami!

    His wife’s high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “And yet another year has passed!”
    This is just a comment to make conversation, appropriate for this thread.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • nowy (new): “new”
  • nawzajem: “likewise”
  • szampański: “champagne”
  • do siego roku: “Happy New Year”
  • kolejny: “next”
  • za (behind): “behind”
  • zabawa: “fun”
  • szczęśliwy (happy): “happy”
  • Which is your favorite phrase to post on social media during New Year?

    But before New Year’s Day comes another important day…

    24. What to Post on Christmas Day in Polish

    What will you say in Polish about Christmas?

    Kasia celebrates Christmas with her family, posts an image of the celebrations, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Kasia’s post.

    Życzę wszystkim Wesołych Świąt!
    “I wish you all Merry Christmas!”

    1- Życzę Wszystkim

    First is an expression meaning “I wish you all.”
    This phrase can be used when you want to wish something to a group of people. Also, the word for “you all” should be capitalized to show respect to the reader.

    2- Wesołych Świąt!

    Then comes the phrase – “Merry Christmas!.”
    This is a very standard phrase commonly used to wish people Merry Christmas. However, the second part – “Christmas” – actually means “Holidays” in general. Nevertheless, this phrase always means Christmas.


    In response, Kasia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Jak tam? Karp już przygotowany?

    Her high school friend, Ania, uses an expression meaning – “How is it going? Is the carp ready?”
    Ania refers to a traditional Christmas fish dish usually served on Christmas day. She’s making conversation by asking questions.

    2- A prezenty są?

    Her college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “Any gifts?”
    Tomek is also making conversation with this question.

    3- Życzę Wam spokojnych i radosnych świąt.

    Her supervisor, Bartek, uses an expression meaning – “I wish you a peaceful and happy Christmas.”
    Use this expression to be old fashioned.

    4- Kolacja gotowa?

    Her husband’s high school friend, Ula, uses an expression meaning – “Is dinner ready?”
    Perhaps Ula wants an update as to how far the Christmas dinner is in terms of preparation.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • wesoły: “cheerful”
  • karp: “carp”
  • prezent (gift): “gift”
  • spokojny: “peaceful”
  • kolacja: “supper”
  • gotowy (ready): “ready”
  • jak (how): “how”
  • przygotować: “prepare”
  • If a friend posted something about Christmas greetings, which phrase would you use?

    So, the festive season is over! Yet, there will always be other days, besides a birthday, to wish someone well.

    25. Post about Your Anniversary in Polish

    Some things deserve to be celebrated, like wedding anniversaries. Learn which Polish phrases are meaningful and best suited for this purpose!

    Maciek celebrates his wedding anniversary, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:


    Let’s break down Maciek’s post.

    No i minął rok. Dziękuję, kochanie.
    “And a year has passed. Thank you, darling.”

    1- No i minął rok.

    First is an expression meaning “And a year has passed..”
    You can use this sentence to communicate that a certain amount of time has passed. This phrase conveys the emotions of the writer and the feeling that time is passing by very quickly.

    2- Dziękuję, kochanie.

    Then comes the phrase – “Thank you, darling..”
    In Poland people often use “darling” to refer to their loved ones. One can use it to refer to their wife or husband, but it can also be used to refer to children.


    In response, Maciek’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Gratuluję! Macie jeszcze przed sobą wiele wspaniałych lat!

    His neighbor, Ola, uses an expression meaning – “Congratulations! You have lots of wonderful years ahead of you!”
    Ola clearly feels positive about the marriage, and leaves a positive comment for them.

    2- Na zawsze z Tobą.

    His wife, Kasia, uses an expression meaning – “Always with you.”
    Kasia respond to her husband’s post with a comment of devotion to him.

    3- Moje gratulacje! Oby tak dalej!

    His supervisor, Bartek, uses an expression meaning – “(My) congratulations! Keep it up!”
    Bartek also feels positive about this anniversary and congratulates the couple.

    4- No to Ci się udało, szczęściarzu!

    His college friend, Tomek, uses an expression meaning – “You lucky man!”
    Tomek thinks Maciek has married well and says so.


    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • rok (“year” ): “year”
  • jeszcze (yet, again): “yet, again”
  • na zawsze: “forever”
  • gratulacje: “congratulations”
  • szczęściarz: “a lucky man”
  • udać się: “to work out”
  • kochanie: “sweetheart”
  • wspaniały (“outstanding, great, fantastic” ): “outstanding, great, fantastic”
  • If a friend posted something about Anniversary greetings, which phrase would you use?


    Learning to speak a new language will always be easier once you know key phrases that everybody uses. These would include commonly used expressions for congratulations and best wishes, etc.

    Master these in fun ways with Learn Polish! We offer a variety of tools to individualize your learning experience, including using cell phone apps, audiobooks, iBooks and many more. Never wonder again what to say on social media!

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Polish