Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Brandon: Hello everyone and welcome back to PolishPod101.com. This is Upper Beginner, season 1, lesson 25, Will There Be Good Weather for your Polish Getaway? I’m Brandon.
Marzena: And I’m Marzena.
Brandon: In this last lesson of the series, you'll learn how to use the Polish future tense.
Marzena: This conversation takes place at home.
Brandon: It’s between Tom and Jane.
Marzena: The speakers are friends, so they’ll be using informal Polish.
Brandon: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Jane: W weekend jadę do Zakopanego. Wiesz może jaka tam będzie pogoda?
Tom: Sprawdźmy w internecie.
Jane: O! Będzie ciepło i słonecznie.
Tom: Około 20 stopni.
Jane: Świetnie!
Brandon: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Jane: W weekend jadę do Zakopanego. Wiesz może jaka tam będzie pogoda?
Tom: Sprawdźmy w internecie.
Jane: O! Będzie ciepło i słonecznie.
Tom: Około 20 stopni.
Jane: Świetnie!
Brandon: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Jane: W weekend jadę do Zakopanego. Wiesz może jaka tam będzie pogoda?
Brandon: I'm going to Zakopane on the weekend. Do you happen to know what the weather will be like there?
Tom: Sprawdźmy w internecie.
Brandon: Let's check on the Internet.
Jane: O! Będzie ciepło i słonecznie.
Brandon: Oh! It'll be warm and sunny.
Tom: Około 20 stopni.
Brandon: About twenty degrees.
Jane: Świetnie!
Brandon: Great!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Brandon: Let’s talk a little bit about Zakopane. Why should the listeners go there, Marzena?
Marzena: Because it’s a great place, especially if you like the outdoors. It’s a small town in the heart of the Tatra Mountains, so if you’re keen on hiking, climbing, spelunking, ski jumping, skiing or snowboarding it’s the place for you.
Brandon: Sounds great! But what if you’re not into sports?
Marzena: Then it’s still worth it to visit, because there are many walking trails around Zakopane. It’s also a great chance to try food that is unique to that region and experience the unique culture of the native people.
Brandon: Sounds like a must-see place in Poland!
Vocab list
Brandon: Now, let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word we shall see is:
Marzena: pogoda [natural native speed]
Brandon: weather
Marzena: pogoda [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: pogoda [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next:
Marzena: wiedzieć [natural native speed]
Brandon: to know
Marzena: wiedzieć [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: wiedzieć [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next:
Marzena: sprawdzać [natural native speed]
Brandon: to check
Marzena: sprawdzać [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: sprawdzać [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next:
Marzena: ciepło [natural native speed]
Brandon: warm
Marzena: ciepło [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: ciepło [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next:
Marzena: słonecznie [natural native speed]
Brandon: sunny
Marzena: słonecznie [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: słonecznie [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next:
Marzena: około [natural native speed]
Brandon: about
Marzena: około [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: około [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next:
Marzena: stopień [natural native speed]
Brandon: degree
Marzena: stopień [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: stopień [natural native speed]
Brandon: And Last:
Marzena: i [natural native speed]
Brandon: and
Marzena: i [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: i [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Brandon: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Marzena, what’s our first word?
Marzena: stopień
Brandon: Which means “degree”, “step”, or “rank”
Marzena: In the dialogue it meant “degree”, when talking about temperature, so degrees Celsius, which in Polish is "stopnie Celsjusza".
Brandon: Why didn't they use the word “celcius”?
Marzena: In everyday speech we cut it off, since everyone knows what we mean.
Brandon: Are are any other meanings?
Marzena: Yes, there’s one more and it’s “grade”, like in school. For example, "mój syn ma bardzo dobre stopnie z biologii".
Brandon: meaning “My son has very good grades in biology”. That’s a pretty big variety of meanings. Okay, what’s the next word?
Marzena: sprawdzać
Brandon: This word also has more than one meaning, but the main one is “to check” or “verify”.
Marzena: Let’s go through a few phrases to see how we can use "sprawdzać". First is an example related to this lesson’s dialogue - Sprawdź pogodę na jutro.
Brandon: meaning “check the weather for tomorrow”.
Marzena: next - Sprawdzę to na internecie.
Brandon: meaning “I’ll check it on the Internet”.
Marzena: and the last one is - Ziemniaki już ugotowane? - zaraz sprawdzę -
Brandon: “Are the potatoes ready yet? - I’ll check in a second”.
Marzena: Also, if we add the word "się" to "sprawdzać", we will get "sprawdzać się" which has slightly different meaning from the verb standing alone.
Brandon: It means that something has turned out to be as a person thought, or something turned out to be true. To understand that better, can you give us an example please Marzena?
Marzena: Sure! Moje najgorsze obawy się sprawdziły -
Brandon: meaning“My worst fears came true”. Now, there’s more information about these two words in the lesson notes, so check those out. Now onto the grammar!
GRAMMAR POINT
Brandon: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use the Polish future tense. It’s a big topic, so we’ll start off with one kind of sentence that expresses the future.
Marzena: That sentence makes use of the future form of the verb "być", which is "będzie".
Brandon: To remind you, that verb means “to be”
Marzena: Now let’s go through the conjugation of "będzie". As always, listeners, repeat after me.
Brandon: After you do so, I will give you the English. We’ll start off with the singular...
Marzena: będę
Brandon: (pause) “I will”
Marzena: będziesz
Brandon: (pause)“you will”
Marzena: będzie
Brandon: (pause)“he, she, or it will”
Marzena: Now the plural - będziemy
Brandon: (pause) “we will”
Marzena: będziecie
Brandon: (pause) “you will”
Marzena: będą
Brandon: (pause) “they will”
Marzena: Great job everyone!
Brandon: Now this verb can function as a future tense of imperfective verbs.
Marzena: In that case, we put the correct form of "będę" together with a verb - either the infinitive or third person past tense form. Another way to use "będę" is together with the infinitive.
Brandon: Its last function is as an auxiliary verb. In that case, it’s only an indicator of a future tense.
Marzena: Exactly. Let’s have a look at some sample sentences. For example - Będę jutro zajęty.
Brandon: “I’ll be busy tomorrow.”
Marzena: As you can see here, "będę" functions as “will” in English. Another example can be - Będziesz w domu o 7?
Brandon: “Will you be at home at seven?”
Marzena: Now, listeners, try to make a sentence by yourself.
Brandon: Imagine you want to say - “I’ll be at work tomorrow”.
Marzena: (pause) Did you think of the sentence? Here’s the correct way to say that - Juto będę w pracy.
Brandon: Let’s try one more time. How would you say “Robert will be at school today in the morning”?
Marzena: Okay.. a few seconds for you guys... (pause) Ready? Okay, here we go - Robert będzie w szkole dziś rano.
Brandon: How did you do, listeners?

Outro

Brandon: And that’s all for this lesson and this series. We hope you enjoyed it and found it useful. Remember to check the lesson notes to reinforce what you've learned, and leave us a message at PolishPod101.com if you have any questions or comments.
Brandon: Thanks for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you in another series. Bye!
Marzena:

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Hi Listeners! How will be the weather at your hometown this weekend? *Try answering in Polish!