Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Betsey: In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Polish learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Betsey: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question Do you have any brothers or sisters? In Polish this is
Joanna: Czy masz brata albo siostrę?
Betsey: The first word in the question is
Joanna: czy
Betsey: which is “a question marker.”
Joanna: (Slow, by syllable) czy
Betsey: Listen again and repeat.
Joanna: czy
{Pause}
Betsey: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Joanna: masz
Betsey: meaning you have.
Joanna: (Slow, by syllable) masz
Betsey: Now repeat.
Joanna: masz
{Pause}
Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Joanna: czy masz
{pause}
And next
Joanna: brata
Betsey: meaning brother.
Joanna: (Slow, by syllable) brata
Betsey: Now repeat.
Joanna: brata
{Pause}
Listen to the the first 3 words of the question and repeat.
Joanna: czy masz brata
{pause}
And next
Joanna: albo
Betsey: meaning “or.”
Joanna: (Slow, by syllable) albo
Betsey: Now repeat.
Joanna: albo
{Pause}
Listen to the the first 4 words of the question and repeat.
Joanna: czy masz brata albo
{pause}
And next
Joanna: siostrę
Betsey: meaning sister.
Joanna: (Slow, by syllable) siostrę
Betsey: Now repeat.
Joanna: siostrę
{Pause}
Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Joanna: czy masz brata albo siostrę
{pause}
Betsey: (You will hear this common question again and again throughout your studies.) Master the following pattern and responses to the question Do you have any brothers or sisters??
Joanna: Mam siostrę.
Betsey: "I have a sister.. Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Joanna: (Slow) Mam siostrę.
{pause}
Betsey: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word:
Joanna: mam
Betsey: meaning I have.
Joanna: (Slow, by syllable) mam
Betsey: Now repeat
Joanna: mam
{Pause}
Betsey: Next is
Joanna: siostrę
Betsey: meaning sister.
Joanna: (Slow, by syllable) siostrę
Betsey:Now repeat.
Joanna: siostrę
{Pause}
Betsey: Listen to the speaker say, I have a sister., and then repeat.
Joanna: Mam siostrę.
{pause}
Betsey: To expand on the pattern, replace sister with brother.
Joanna: brata
Betsey: brother
Joanna: (slow) brata (regular) brata
Betsey: Listen to the phrase again, this time with brother
Joanna: Mam brata.
Betsey: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace sister. Say “I have a brother.”
{pause}
Joanna: Mam brata.
Betsey: To expand on the pattern, replace brother with younger brother.
Joanna: młodszego brata
Betsey: younger brother
Joanna: (slow) młodszego brata (regular) młodszego brata
Betsey: Listen to the phrase again, this time with younger brother
Joanna: Mam młodszego brata.
Betsey: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “brother.” Say I have a younger brother.
{pause}
Joanna: Mam młodszego brata.
Betsey: To expand on the pattern, replace younger brother with older sister.
Joanna: starszą siostrę
Betsey: older sister
Joanna: (slow) starszą siostrę (regular) starszą siostrę
Betsey: Listen to the phrase again, this time with older sister
Joanna: Mam starszą siostrę.
Betsey: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “younger brother.” Say I have a older sister.
{pause}
Joanna: Mam starszą siostrę.
QUIZ
Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting Poland and someone asks you if you have any brothers or sisters. You want to say you havea sister. Respond to the question.
Joanna: Czy masz brata albo siostrę? (five seconds) Mam siostrę.
Betsey: Now imagine you have a brother. Respond to the question.
Joanna: Czy masz brata albo siostrę? (five seconds) Mam brata.
Betsey: Imagine you have a younger brother. . Answer the speaker's question.
Joanna: Czy masz brata albo siostrę? (five seconds) Mam młodszego brata.
Betsey: Imagine you have an older sister. Respond to the question.
Joanna: Czy masz brata albo siostrę? (five seconds) Mam starszą siostrę.
Betsey: You want to ask someone if they have any brothers or sisters. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
Joanna: Czy masz brata albo siostrę?
{pause}
Betsey: Now it's time to answer the question with actual information about yourself.
Joanna: Czy masz brata albo siostrę?
{pause}

Outro

Betsey: This is the end of Lesson 13

5 Comments

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PolishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Please give your answer to the question below! You can check the question in the lesson.

PolishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 07:35 PM
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Cześć Natan,


Thanks for your comment.


You can say "I don't have a sister or brother" in Polish:

Nie mam siostry ani brata.


I hope that it helps!

If you have any other questions, leave us a comment.


Pozdrawiamy!

Hanna

PolishPod101.com Team

Natan
Wednesday at 10:40 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

How do you say: I dont have a sister or brother

PolishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 07:59 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Cześć Joel,


Thank you for your question?


The correct version of your sentence: "Mam młodszego brata i cztery młodszego siostrę." is:

"Mam młodszego brata i cztery młodsze siostry."


If you have four sisters you need to use plural form of "siostra", which is "siostry".

Then, you need to alter adjective "młodszy" to the plural, feminine noun, which is "młodsze".

Pay attention to the "y" or "a" at the end:

"y" at the end is used only for masculine nouns,

"a" at the end is used only for feminine nouns.


For example, "siostra" is a girl so you have to change "młodszy" to "młodsza" => "młodsza siostra".


Let's say you have older brother and four older sisters. You can say it in Polish:

"Mam starszego brata i cztery starsze siostry".


I hope that helps, but if you have any more questions please just let me know!


Thanks!

Hanna

Team PolishPod101.com

Joel
Sunday at 11:00 PM
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Mam młodszego brata i cztery młodszego siostrę.

I bet some of the words need to be altered in my answer, but I hope it is clear.