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Lesson Transcript

Hello and welcome to Polish Survival Phrases brought to you by PolishPod101.com, this course is designed to equip you with the language skills and knowledge to enable you to get the most out of your visit to Poland. You will be surprised at how far a little Polish will go.
Now, before we jump in, remember to stop by PolishPod101.com and there, you will find the accompanying PDF and additional info in the post. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment.

Lesson focus

No matter where you are, you will always have some place to be! Today we'll look at the question that will give you the tools to ask how much time you have left to get there. We'll also give you the tools to understand the answer!
In Polish, "What time is it?" is Która jest godzina? The first word która means "what," "which."
Next, we have jest ("is"). We finish the question with godzina, which means "hour."
All together, we have Która jest godzina?" "What time is it?"
Let's go over hours here. "Hour" in Polish is godzina. However, when we're telling time, we very often omit the word godzina ("hour"). We only say the number, and that's it.
1:00 AM - pierwsza
2:00 AM - druga
3:00 AM - trzecia
4:00 AM - czwarta
5:00 AM - piąta
6:00 AM - szósta
7:00 AM - siódma
8:00 AM - ósma
9:00 AM - dziewiąta
10:00 AM - dziesiąta
11:00 AM - jedenasta
12:00 PM - dwunasta
1:00 PM - trzynasta
2:00 PM - czternasta
3:00 PM - piętnasta
4:00 PM - szesnasta
5:00 PM - siedemnasta
6:00 PM - osiemnasta
7:00 PM - dziewiętnasta
8:00 PM - dwudziesta
9:00 PM - dwudziesta pierwsza
10:00 PM - dwudziesta druga
11:00 PM - dwudziesta trzecia
12:00 AM - dwudziesta czwarta
We express the hours in Polish with ordinal numbers.
So the form pierwsza really means "first," druga ("second"), trzecia ("third"), czwarta ("forth") and so on, up to dwudziesta czwarta meaning "twenty-forth."
Let's cover how to answer the question Która jest godzina? in Polish now! First, you say jest... ("is") and then the time.
Let's try with 6:00 PM. "It's 6:00 PM" in Polish is Jest osiemnasta.
The first word jest means, "is."
Then you have the time, which is the ordinal number osiemnasta, ("6:00 PM").
Let's now try to say "It's 6:00 AM." In Polish, this would be Jest szósta. We again have jest ("is") and then the ordinal number szósta, literally meaning "sixth."
Let's go over minutes now.
The word "minutes" in Polish is minuty. In Polish, you say the number for "hours" first, followed by the number of "minutes." As we mentioned before, the hours are always expressed by the ordinal numbers, whereas minutes will be expressed by the cardinal numbers.
The cardinal numbers will be jeden ("one"), dwa ("two"), trzy ("three"), cztery ("four"), and so on, so these are the numbers we introduced in the lesson about counting.
Let's have a look at some examples. For example, you want to say "It's 3:20 PM." In Polish "It's 3:20 PM" is Jest piętnasta dwadzieścia. First, we have jest ("is").
Then we have the ordinal number piętnasta ("3:00 PM").
The hour is followed by the cardinal number dwadzieścia ("twenty").
Now let's try to say "It's 9:30 AM." In Polish this would be Jest dziewiąta trzydzieści. We again follow the same pattern. We start with jest ("is"), then we have the hour dziewiąta ("ninth"), followed by the minutes trzydzieści ("thirty").
"It's 5:55 PM" in Polish is Jest siedemnasta pięćdziesiąt pięć.
Polish also has words for the set times of the day:
"Midday" in Polish is południe"
"Midnight" is północ


Okay, to close out this lesson, we'd like you to practice what you've just learned. I'll provide you with the English equivalent of the phrase and you're responsible for shouting it aloud.
You have a few seconds before I give you the answer, so powodzenia, which means “good luck” in Polish.
"What time is it?" - Która jest godzina?
Która jest godzina?
Która jest godzina?
"It's 6:00 PM." - Jest osiemnasta.
Jest osiemnasta.
Jest osiemnasta.
"It's 6:00 AM." - Jest szósta.
Jest szósta.
Jest szósta.
"It's 3:20 PM." - Jest piętnasta dwadzieścia.
Jest piętnasta dwadzieścia.
Jest piętnasta dwadzieścia.
"It's 9:30 AM." - Jest dziewiąta trzydzieści.
Jest dziewiąta trzydzieści.
Jest dziewiąta trzydzieści.
"It's 5:55 PM." - Jest siedemnasta pięćdziesiąt pięć.
Jest siedemnasta pięćdziesiąt pięć.
Jest siedemnasta pięćdziesiąt pięć.
"midday" - południe
"midnight" - północ
All right, that's going to do it for today. Remember to stop by PolishPod101.com and pick up the accompanying PDF. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment.