Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
John: Hi everyone, and welcome back to PolishPod101.com. This is Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 4 - Which Polish Movie Should We Watch? John here.
Marzena: Cześć. I'm Marzena.
John: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to express a point of view. The conversation takes place at a cinema.
Marzena: It's between Ann and Thomas.
John: The speakers are friends; therefore, they’ll speak informal Polish. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Tomasz: Co powiesz na komedię?
Ania: Ale tylko romantyczną.
Tomasz: No nie wiem, nie przepadam za komediami romantycznymi. Może film sensacyjny?
Ania: To mi się podoba. Albo może film animowany?
Tomasz: Osobiście uważam, że filmy animowane są dla dzieci.
Ania: Innymi słowy uważasz, że jestem dziecinna?
Tomasz: Nie, nie, tylko...
Ania: Daruj sobie, wychodzę!
Tomasz: Masz ci los!
John: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Thomas: How about a comedy?
Ann: But only a romantic one.
Thomas: I'm not sure; I'm not a big fan of romantic comedies. Maybe a thriller?
Ann: I like that idea. Or how about an animated movie?
Thomas: Personally, I think that animated movies are for children.
Ann: In other words, you think that I'm childish?
Thomas: No, no... Just...
Ann: Save it, I'm leaving!
Thomas: Gosh here she goes!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
John: I don’t know if that was a date, or just an outing for friends, but either way, it’s not going very well!
Marzena: No, it isn’t! Thomas will have to be more careful about what he says next time!
John: I hope so! Is cinema popular in Poland?
Marzena: It is in the big cities, but not in the rest of the country.
John: Are cinemas in the cities big multiplexes?
Marzena: Yes, they are. Multiplex in Polish is multikino. This is also the name of a famous chain of cinemas.
John: Are movie releases delayed in Poland, or do they come out at similar times to the rest of the world?
Marzena: They’re not that delayed. They’re usually in Polish cinemas shortly after the release date.
John: That’s good. Are they expensive though?
Marzena: I think so, yes.
John: How much are the tickets?
Marzena: Some seats are more expensive than others, but a general seat is about 30 zloty, which is more or less 8 US dollars.
John: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
John: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is...
Marzena: komedia romantyczna [natural native speed]
John: romantic comedy
Marzena: komedia romantyczna[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: komedia romantyczna [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: przepadać [natural native speed]
John: to like something a lot
Marzena: przepadać [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: przepadać [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: sensacyjny [natural native speed]
John: sensational
Marzena: sensacyjny[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: sensacyjny [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: podobać się [natural native speed]
John: to be liked by someone
Marzena: podobać się[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: podobać się [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: osobiście [natural native speed]
John: personally
Marzena: osobiście[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: osobiście [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: uważać [natural native speed]
John: to be careful
Marzena: uważać[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: uważać [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: dziecinny [natural native speed]
John: childish
Marzena: dziecinny[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: dziecinny [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: innymi słowy [natural native speed]
John: in other words
Marzena: innymi słowy[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: innymi słowy [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: darować sobie [natural native speed]
John: to give up
Marzena: darować sobie[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: darować sobie [natural native speed]
John: And last...
Marzena: los [natural native speed]
John: fortune
Marzena: los[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: los [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
John: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is...
Marzena: przepadać za
John: meaning "to like something a lot." This is a verb and a preposition.
Marzena: Yes, the verb is przepadać. It means “to go for.”
John: What does the preposition mean?
Marzena: za means “for.”
John: We can use this to say that you adore something or like it a lot.
Marzena: And if you make it negative, you can say that you don’t like something.
John: Can you give us an example using this word?
Marzena: Sure. For example, you can say, Muszę przyznać, że nie przepadam za tym.
John: ...which means "I have to admit that I'm not the biggest fan of this."
John: Okay, what's the next phrase?
Marzena: podobać się komuś
John: Meaning "to be liked by someone." Let’s break this phrase down.
Marzena: The verb podobać się is a reflexive verb with the characteristic particle się.
John: It’s used with the dative case.
Marzena: Yes, and it means that an object is liked by someone. You can use this phrase to talk about your preferences.
John: Can it be used with people, too?
Marzena: Yes, it can. It often refers to appearance in that instance.
John: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Marzena: Sure. For example, you can say, Kto ci się najbardziej podoba?
John: ...which means "Who do you like the best?"
John: Okay, what's the next phrase?
Marzena: Daruj sobie!
John: Meaning "Forget it!" What can you tell us about this phrase?
Marzena: The verb darować means to "give" or to "forgive." It’s kind of old-fashioned.
John: What’s the second word?
Marzena: It’s the personal pronoun sobie in the dative case. It means something like "yourself."
John: This phrase can be used when you’re angry or frustrated with someone else.
Marzena: This is a strong and informal expression, so don’t use it in formal situations or with elders.
John: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Marzena: Sure. For example, you can say, Daruj sobie te wymówki!
John: ...which means "Just stop with these excuses!"
John: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

John: In this lesson, you'll learn how to express a point of view.
John: Marzena, how do we do that?
Marzena: We can use the very useful particle że, which means “that.”
John: This can be used as a conjunction and is usually preceded by a comma.
Marzena: Yes, the sentence structure is the main verb, followed by że, followed by the complete sentence.
John: Let’s hear a simple example, so that our listeners can better understand that structure.
Marzena: Okay. Powiedział, że jest już późno.
John: “He said that it’s already late.” Now, in English we could drop the “that” from the sentence, and it would still be fine.
Marzena: You can’t drop że from these sentences in the same way. Often, Że is confused with żeby.
John: That second word means “so that” or “in order to.” How is their use different?
Marzena: żeby can be used to formulate a message with an infinitive or a request with the past tense.
John: Okay. Let’s hear some examples so that we can figure out the differences.
Marzena: On powiedział, że ona zrobi obiad.
John: “He said that she will make dinner.”
Marzena: On powiedział, żeby zrobić obiad.
John: “He said to make dinner.”
Marzena: On powiedział, żeby ona zrobiła obiad.
John: “He said that she has to make dinner.”
Marzena: żeby changes its forms according to the person, so be careful. Those sentences are all in third person.
John: Okay, thank you! Now, let’s change the topic a little. If you find yourself in a situation like the conversation earlier, you’ll need some vocabulary related to movies and cinema. There’s a long list in the lesson notes, but let’s go through a few examples here.
Marzena: Some keywords are movie genres, such as film sensacyjny or komedia.
John: That’s “action movie” and “comedy.” There are some sentences that’ll come in handy too, such as “This scene was well directed.”
Marzena: Ta scena była dobrze wyreżyserowana.
John: Or “Have you seen the newest trailer for Star Trek?”
Marzena: Widziałeś najnowszy zwiastun do Star Treka?
John: So, remember to check out the lesson notes for more!

Outro

John: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Marzena: Cześć.

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Do you like Polish movies?