Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
John: Hi everyone, and welcome to PolishPod101.com. This is Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 1 - A Polish Job Interview. John here.
Marzena: Cześć. I'm Marzena.
John: In this lesson, you’ll learn about formal language and the instrumental case. The conversation takes place at the office.
Marzena: It's between Thomas and Monica.
John: The speakers are strangers; therefore, they’ll speak formal Polish. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Monika: Czy mógłby pan nam o sobie opowiedzieć?
Thomas: Z miłą chęcią. Nazywam się Thomas Meyer, pochodzę z Ameryki, a konkretnie z Nowego Jorku. Obecnie uczę się polskiego tutaj, we Wrocławiu.
Monika: Kim jest pan z wykształcenia?
Thomas: Z wykształcenia jestem informatykiem. Zajmuję się projektowaniem stron internetowych.
Monika: Ma pan doświadczenie w kierowaniu projektem?
Thomas: Nie, ale szybko się uczę. Jestem zdyscyplinowany i sumienny.
Monika: Dobrze, muszę się zastanowić.
John: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Monica: Could you tell me about yourself?
Thomas: With pleasure. My name is Thomas Meyer. I'm originally from America, New York to be more specific. Now I'm studying Polish here in Wroclaw.
Monica: What is the profession you learned to do?
Thomas: I'm an IT specialist. I've been designing websites.
Monica: Do you have any experience in project management?
Thomas: No, but I learn quickly. I'm disciplined and diligent.
Monica: Well, I have to think about it.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
John: We’re starting this series with the most terrifying of situations - a job interview.
Marzena: They aren’t that bad, are they?
John: I don’t know, what are job interviews like in Poland?
Marzena: They’re not as formal as in some other countries.
John: What’s a Polish CV, or resume, like?
Marzena: In some countries, you don’t need to put your age or picture on a CV. In Poland you do.
John: Really? That’s interesting.
Marzena: Another thing that’s different is that it can be difficult to be a part-time worker and do something else at the same time, such as studying.
John: Why’s that?
Marzena: Because part-time jobs are less flexible. Usually, they will ask people to come in for the full eight hours.
John: That’s harsh. How do we say “job interview” in Polish?
Marzena: rozmowa kwalifikacyjna
John: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
John: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is...
Marzena: opowiadać [natural native speed]
John: to tell a story
Marzena: opowiadać[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: opowiadać [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: pochodzić [natural native speed]
John: to come from
Marzena: pochodzić [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: pochodzić [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: konkretnie [natural native speed]
John: specifically
Marzena: konkretnie[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: konkretnie [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: obecnie [natural native speed]
John: currently
Marzena: obecnie[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: obecnie [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: wykształcenie [natural native speed]
John: education
Marzena: wykształcenie[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: wykształcenie [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: projektowanie [natural native speed]
John: design
Marzena: projektowanie[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: projektowanie [natural native speed]
John: Next we have....
Marzena: doświadczenie [natural native speed]
John: experience
Marzena: doświadczenie[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: doświadczenie [natural native speed]
John: Next we have....
Marzena: zdyscyplinowany [natural native speed]
John: disciplined
Marzena: zdyscyplinowany [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: zdyscyplinowany [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: sumienny [natural native speed]
John: diligent
Marzena: sumienny[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: sumienny [natural native speed]
John: And last...
Marzena: zastanowić się [natural native speed]
John: to consider
Marzena: zastanowić się[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: zastanowić się [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
John: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is...
Marzena: pochodzić z
John: Meaning "to come from." In what circumstances would we use this word?
Marzena: It can be used to talk about the place of origin.
John: So where something comes from.
Marzena: Right. The verb itself, pochodzić, consists of two parts: the prefix po and the verb chodzić. That means "to walk on foot."
John: Are there any circumstances where you can’t use this verb?
Marzena: You can’t use it to say that you “came back,” so you don’t usually hear it in the past tense.
John: Can you give us an example using this word?
Marzena: Sure. For example, you can say, Te banany pochodzą z Filipin.
John: ...which means "These bananas come from the Philippines."
John: Okay, what's the next word?
Marzena: konkretnie
John: meaning "specifically." This is an adverb.
Marzena: And like most Polish adverbs, it ends in -nie.
John: What’s it used for?
Marzena: It’s used to specify something or to ask for extra information.
John: Can it be used in any other circumstances?
Marzena: Yes, konkretnie has a second meaning of showing how big or worth noticing something is.
John: Can you give us an example using this word?
Marzena: Sure. For example, you can say, O co ci konkretnie chodzi?
John: ...which means "What do you specifically mean?"
John: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

John: In this lesson, you'll learn about formal language and the instrumental case.
John: So let’s start with the instrumental case.
Marzena: The instrumental case, or narzędnik, is the fifth of seven Polish cases.
John: The instrumental case isn’t used for the subject of the sentence.
Marzena: That’s right. It can be a little difficult for non-natives to distinguish the instrumental case from the other cases.
John: Can we look at some examples?
Marzena: Sure. In the conversation, the speakers talked about their abilities using the instrumental case.
John: Let’s hear an example of how to express ability. How can we say “I am a trained lawyer?”
Marzena: Z wykształcenia jestem prawnikiem.
John: Let’s list the situations where we use the instrumental case.
Marzena: It’s used with the preposition z.
John: This means “with.”
Marzena: Idę z mamą do kina.
John: “I’m going to the movies with mom.”
Marzena: It’s also used to express a tool or a way of doing something. Pojadę pociągiem.
John: “I will go by train.”
Marzena: When talking about relationships or with the verb być.
John: That means “to be.”
Marzena: On jest moim przełożonym.
John: “He is my supervisor.” For examples of how to conjugate nouns in the instrumental case, take a look at the lesson notes. There are many examples there. Now, let’s look at formal speech in Polish.
Marzena: Like some other languages, we use the third person in a formal situation.
John: Is it exactly the same as third person?
Marzena: Not quite. When referring to other people, we use Pan, Pani, or Państwo.
John: They mean “sir,” “ma’am,” and the plural formal “you,” respectively.
Marzena: In writing, we always capitalize these words when directing it towards someone.
John: Let’s hear an example using one of these words.
Marzena: Czy może pan powtórzyć?
John: “Could you repeat (that), sir?”
Marzena: In that example, we used może. That’s the third person polite form of móc.
John: That means “to be able to.”
Marzena: We can make that even more polite by using mógłby for men and mogłaby for women.
John: They both mean “could.”

Outro

John: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Marzena: Cześć.

22 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

PolishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Tell us about yourself in Polish!

PolishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 03:45 AM
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Hi Jozef,


My też bardzo cieszymy się, że jesteś z nami!

Jeśli masz jakieś pytania, daj nam znać.


Dobrej zabawy!


Sincerely,

Hanna

Team PolishPod101.com

Jozef Mankowski
Saturday at 11:19 AM
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Bardzo się cieszę, że jestem na pokładzie z Polish Pod!

Jestem pilnym studentem, i mam nadzieje to naprawdę mi pomoże!👍

PolishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:18 PM
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Cześć Mariia,


Thank you for studying with us.

Ja też z wykształcenia jestem programistką 😄 (we write "programistka" with one "m" in Polish).

You need to pay attention to the ending of "internetowy":

It should be "internetowe" (accusative case) "chcę rozwijać strony internetowe."


Sincerely,

Hanna

Team PolishPod101.com

Mariia
Monday at 10:05 PM
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Cześć. Mam na imię Mariia. Jestem z Rosji. Obecnie mieszkam w Tczewie. To jest male miasteczko na brzegu Wisly. Z wykształcenia jestem programmistką. W Polsce chcę rozwijać strony internetowy.

PolishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 10:04 PM
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Hi joeymanko,


Thank you for studying with us and for your nice words!


You can use an online keyboard to type Polish diacritical marks, for example:

https://polish.typeit.org/


Should you have any questions, please let us know.


Sincerely,

Hanna

Team PolishPod101.com

joeymanko
Monday at 08:10 AM
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This is done very nicely! I appreciate that you even say the case name (Narzednik) in Polish.

However, when I take the test, I can't get the answers correct, because I do not have the Polish Diacritical Marks!


PolishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 10:41 PM
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Cześć Erik,


Wielkie dzięki za Twój komentarz 😄

Bardzo miło nam słyszeć, że chcesz uczyć się polskiego.

Pozdrowienia dla Twojej żony Nichole! ❤️️


Jeśli masz pytania, napisz do nas. Możesz też rozważyć naukę z jednym z naszych nauczycieli online.

Powodzenia!


Pozdrawiam serdecznie,

Hanna

Team PolishPod101.com


Erik
Friday at 05:17 AM
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Nazywam Erik. Jestem z Alabamy w Stanach Zjednoczonych. Mam trzydzieści osiem lat. Mam żona i ona ma na imię Nichole. Jestem meksykański i amerykański, moja żona jest polski i włoski. Żadne z nas mówi po polsku od urodzenia. Chcę uczyć się języka polskiego ponieważ chcę pojechać do polski pewnego dnia i myślę, że byłoby porozmawiać z Polokami.

PolishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 09:48 PM
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Cześć Majd!


Dzięki za miłe słowa 😁

Jeśli masz pytania, napisz do nas.


Sincerely,

Hanna

Team PolishPod101.com

Majd
Saturday at 06:29 PM
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z miło chiętą , Pochodzię z śyrii jestem w polesce przed 4 lat temu , obecnie uczę się polskiego , z wykształcenie jestem Informatykiem , mam miszkanie jest w Gdynii 😄😇