Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
John: Hi everyone, and welcome back to Polishpod101.com. This is Business Polish for Beginners Season 1 Lesson 5 - A Brief Polish Catch-Up, John here.
Marzena: Cześć, I'm Marzena.
John: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about obligations. The conversation takes place at the office.
Marzena: It's between Marek and Monika.
John: The speakers are co-workers, therefore, they will speak Polish informally. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Marek: I jak leci?
Monika: Ostatnio mam dużo pracy.
Marek: Nowy projekt?
Monika: Nawet dwa.
Marek: A u nas teraz spokój. Najwięcej mamy pod koniec roku.
Monika: No dobra, lecę. Muszę przygotować prezentację. Miło było porozmawiać.
Marek: Trzymaj się!
John: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Marek: I jak leci?
Monika: Ostatnio mam dużo pracy.
Marek: Nowy projekt?
Monika: Nawet dwa.
Marek: A u nas teraz spokój. Najwięcej mamy pod koniec roku.
Monika: No dobra, lecę. Muszę przygotować prezentację. Miło było porozmawiać.
Marek: Trzymaj się!
John: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Marek: How is it going?
Monika: Lately, I have a lot of work.
Marek: New project?
Monika: Two even.
Marek: We are not so busy right now. The busiest time is at the end of the year.
Monika: Ok, so I will be going. I have to prepare the presentation. It was nice talking to you.
Marek: See you!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
John: In some countries, the business world is really social.
Marzena: What do you mean by that, John?
John: As well as many office parties, co-workers often go for drinks after work, things like that.
Marzena: Right. Well, in Poland there are corporate parties sometimes.
John: What are they like?
Marzena: They can be a lot of fun actually, depending on the people and things like that.
John: Do you have to attend these parties? Sometimes, companies say that you can say no, but really...
Marzena: ...you have to go!
John: Yeah. Is Poland like that?
Marzena: If you really can’t go, you can say "no."
John: Do you have to give a reason why you’re saying no?
Marzena: You can, but you don’t have to.
John: Good to know! Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
John: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is...
Marzena: lecieć [natural native speed]
John: fly
Marzena: lecieć [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: lecieć [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: projekt [natural native speed]
John: design
Marzena: projekt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: projekt [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: ostatnio [natural native speed]
John: lately
Marzena: ostatnio [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: ostatnio [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: mieć [natural native speed]
John: to have
Marzena: mieć [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: mieć [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: praca [natural native speed]
John: work, job
Marzena: praca [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: praca [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: najwięcej [natural native speed]
John: the most
Marzena: najwięcej [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: najwięcej [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: koniec [natural native speed]
John: end
Marzena: koniec [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: koniec [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: poznać [natural native speed]
John: to meet, to get to know
Marzena: poznać [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: poznać [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: przygotować [natural native speed]
John: to get ready
Marzena: przygotować [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: przygotować [natural native speed]
John: And last...
Marzena: trzymać się [natural native speed]
John: to hold on
Marzena: trzymać się [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: trzymać się [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
John: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is...
Marzena: A u nas teraz spokój.
John: meaning "We are not busy now."
John: There’s a few words in this phrase so let’s go through them.
Marzena: A means "and" and is used when we contrast two things. Next is u nas
John: This means "at our place." The next word means "now."
Marzena: That’s teraz. The last word is spokój.
John: It means "silence." You can use this phrase to say that you’re not busy.
Marzena: There’s no restrictions in using this phrase, but it’s more often used in informal settings.
John: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Marzena: Sure. For example, you can say... U was tyle się dzieje, a u nas teraz spokój.
John: ...which means "There are so many things happening at your (place) and we are not busy now."
John: Okay, what's the next word?
Marzena: Miło było porozmawiać.
John: meaning "It was nice talking to you."
John: This is also a phrase.
Marzena: The first word, Miło means "nice." The last word is porozmawiać.
John: It means "to talk a little bit."
Marzena: This is a nice phrase to end a conversation with.
John: When is this best used?
Marzena: You can use it at any time, especially a casual conversation in a business setting.
John: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Marzena: Sure. For example, you can say... Ja muszę lecieć, ale miło było porozmawiać.
John: ... which means "I have to go, but it was nice talking."
John: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

John: In this lesson, you'll learn how to talk about obligations. Obligations and responsibilities are something that crop up a lot at work.
Marzena: That’s right. The Polish word for "responsibilities" is obowiązki.
John: How can we talk about our obligations in Polish?
Marzena: A good way is to use the modal verb musieć, meaning "have to."
John: This of course changes depending on who is speaking. For example, "I have to…"
Marzena: Ja muszę...
John: "We have to…"
Marzena: My musimy… You should then follow this with an infinitive verb.
John: Let’s hear some example sentences.
Marzena: Muszę napisać sprawozdanie do piątku.
John: "I have to write a report by Friday."
Marzena: Musi pan jeszcze tutaj podpisać.
John: "You still have to sign it here, sir."
Marzena: You can also use Musieć for "must" as well.
John: In this case it isn’t followed by an infinitive.
Marzena: No, it’s followed by the preposition do and a noun or noun phrase in genitive case. For example, Mamy jeszcze coś do zrobienia.
John: "We still have something to do."
Marzena: In the corporate world, we often use the personal pronoun my, "we", or nasz(a), "our".
John: These are used to talk about our team, department or company, so the declension of this pronoun is very important.
Marzena: For example, in genitive case, "we" is nas.
John: And "our" is…
Marzena: naszego, naszej, naszego
John: There is a full table of these in the lesson notes, so for now let’s just run through one more. How about the locative case. What is "we?"
Marzena: nami. And "our" is naszym, naszej, naszym.
John: Let’s end the lesson on some sentence examples.
Marzena: Naszego szefa jeszcze nie ma.
John: "Our boss is still not there yet."
Marzena: Przed nami trudny okres rozliczeniowy.
John: "There is a very difficult tax period in front of us."

Outro

John: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Marzena: Do zobaczenia!

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