Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Michael: Hi everyone, and welcome back to Polishpod101.com. This is Business Polish for Beginners Season 1 Lesson 21 - Making Some Difficult Business Decisions in Poland. Michael here.
Marzena: Cześć, I'm Marzena.
Michael: In this lesson, you’ll learn about giving opinions. The conversation takes place at an office.
Marzena: It's between Monika and Karolina.
Michael: The speakers are co-workers, therefore, they will speak Polish informally. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Monika: Myślę, że powinniśmy powiększyć naszą ofertę.
Karolina: Nie jestem pewna, czy to dobry pomysł. Musielibyśmy zatrudnić więcej pracowników.
Monika: Nie zgodzę się z tobą. Musimy wejść na rynek z czymś nowym.
Karolina: Tak, ale potrzebujemy więcej ludzi.
Monika: Dobrze, w takim razie porozmawiaj z działem kadr i zobacz co da się z tym zrobić,
Karolina: No tak, tylko to może im się nie spodobać.
Monika: Trudno, musimy działać
Karolina: Wydaje mi się, że powinniśmy jednak poczekać.
Michael: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Monika: Myślę, że powinniśmy powiększyć naszą ofertę.
Karolina: Nie jestem pewna, czy to dobry pomysł. Musielibyśmy zatrudnić więcej pracowników.
Monika: Nie zgodzę się z tobą. Musimy wejść na rynek z czymś nowym.
Karolina: Tak, ale potrzebujemy więcej ludzi.
Monika: Dobrze, w takim razie porozmawiaj z działem kadr i zobacz co da się z tym zrobić,
Karolina: No tak, tylko to może im się nie spodobać.
Monika: Trudno, musimy działać
Karolina: Wydaje mi się, że powinniśmy jednak poczekać.
Michael: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Monika: I think that we should broaden our offer.
Karolina: I'm not sure if it's a good idea. We would have to hire more employees.
Monika: I do not agree with you. We have to bring something new to the market.
Karolina: Yes, but we also need more people.
Monika: Okay, speak with the HR department then and see what they can do about it.
Karolina: Well yes, but they may not like this.
Monika: Well, no other way, we need to act.
Karolina: I still have the feeling we should wait in the end.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Michael: It seems like there was a difference of opinion in the conversation this time.
Marzena: Yes, Monika and Karolina had very different ideas on how to proceed.
Michael: Monika wants to diversify, even if it means employing more people.
Marzena: But Karolina thinks that is a bad idea.
Michael: She also thinks that HR won’t want to employ more people either.
Marzena: Taking on new employees is always a lot of work for HR!
Michael: Even though they had different opinions, they were able to talk them out.
Marzena: That’s quite common in Poland. People are used to hearing complaints.
Michael: Do Poles like to complain?
Marzena: We love to complain! That doesn’t change just because we’re at work.
Michael: What do people complain about at work?
Marzena: Many things; the organization, wages, working hours, workload and so on.
Michael: So if you hear complaints, don’t worry about them too much. Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Michael: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is...
Marzena: oferta [natural native speed]
Michael: "offer"
Marzena: oferta [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: oferta [natural native speed]
Michael: Next we have...
Marzena: pomysł [natural native speed]
Michael: "idea"
Marzena: pomysł [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: pomysł [natural native speed]
Michael: Next we have...
Marzena: zatrudnić [natural native speed]
Michael: "to hire"
Marzena: zatrudnić [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: zatrudnić [natural native speed]
Michael: Next we have...
Marzena: rynek [natural native speed]
Michael: "market"
Marzena: rynek [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: rynek [natural native speed]
Michael: Next we have...
Marzena: potrzebować [natural native speed]
Michael: "to need"
Marzena: potrzebować [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: potrzebować [natural native speed]
Michael: Next we have...
Marzena: porozmawiać [natural native speed]
Michael: "to talk"
Marzena: porozmawiać [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: porozmawiać [natural native speed]
Michael: Next we have...
Marzena: spodobać się [natural native speed]
Michael: "to take a fancy to"
Marzena: spodobać się [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: spodobać się [natural native speed]
Michael: And last...
Marzena: trudno [natural native speed]
Michael: "difficult"
Marzena: trudno [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: trudno [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Michael: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is...
Marzena: wejść na rynek
Michael: meaning "to enter the market."
Michael: Let’s break this phrase down.
Marzena: Wejść is a verb; "to go in" or "to enter" and it is followed by the preposition na.
Michael: This means "on." The final word means "market."
Marzena: That is rynek.
Michael: You can use this phrase to say that a company or product has entered a market.
Marzena: You’ll usually use this in business settings, but it can be used in informal ones, too.
Michael: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Marzena: Sure. For example, you can say... XOY weszło na rynek kilka lat temu.
Michael: ... which means "XOY entered the market a few years ago."
Michael: Okay, what's the next phrase?
Marzena: spodobać się
Michael: meaning "to take a fancy to."
Michael: This is a reflexive verb. It’s also a perfective verb.
Marzena: The imperfective version is podobać się.
Michael: The perfective aspect changes the meaning from "to like" to "become fond of."
Marzena: So it emphasizes the process rather than the state.
Michael: You can use this to say that you’ve become fond of something.
Marzena: It can be used in both formal and informal settings.
Michael: Can you give us an example using this word?
Marzena: Sure. For example, you can say... To mu się nie spodoba.
Michael: ... which means "He will not like this."
Michael: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Michael: In this lesson, you'll learn about giving opinions. We’ve already looked at how to give suggestions.
Marzena: That uses powinien. You will hear that when giving opinions, too.
Michael: Yes, the concepts are quite tightly linked. To talk about opinions though, we need another verb.
Marzena: Yes, the most important verb is myśleć.
Michael: That means "to think." It is usually always followed by a particle.
Marzena: That particle is że. For example, Myślę, że powinniśmy go zatrudnić.
Michael: "I think that we should hire him." Let’s hear some more examples.
Marzena: Myślę, że nie powinniśmy jej zwalniać.
Michael: "I think that we shouldn’t fire her."
Marzena: Myślę, że powinniśmy to kupić.
Michael: "I think that we should buy this."
Marzena: Myślę, że lepiej tego nie robić.
Michael: "I think that it’s better not to do this." If someone else gives their opinion, then you will need to react to it.
Marzena: Unfortunately, we don’t always agree with other people.
Michael: So we often have to show uncertainty. What is the easiest way to do this?
Marzena: Women can say nie jestem pewna. Men can say nie jestem pewny or nie jestem pewien.
Michael: They all mean "I’m not sure."
Marzena: These are then usually followed by czy.
Michael: Which means "if." Let’s hear some examples.
Marzena: Nie jestem pewna czy to się uda.
Michael: "I’m not sure if this will work."
Marzena: Nie jestem pewny czy on da radę.
Michael: "I’m not sure if he will succeed."
Marzena: Nie jestem pewien jak to nam pomoże.
Michael: "I’m not sure how this will help us."

Outro

Michael: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Marzena: Do zobaczenia!

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