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Lesson Transcript

Gabriella: Hello everyone and welcome back to PolishPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner series, season 1, lesson 21,You’d Better Bundle Up in the Polish Winter! I’m Gabriella.
Joanna: And I’m Joanna.
Gabriella: In this lesson, you'll revise all you have learned about Polish adjectives.
Joanna: This conversation takes place in the house.
Gabriella: It’s between Gosia and Alex.
Joanna: The speakers are friends, so they’ll be using informal Polish.
Gabriella: What shall we talk about this time?
Joanna: How about climate and weather in Poland?
Gabriella: Good idea! That’s going to be very useful for anyone who’s thinking of visiting Poland
Joanna: First of all, there are all four seasons in Poland, with the coldest being around January and February, and August the warmest.
Gabriella: Does it snow in Poland?
Joanna: Yes, every winter.
Gabriella: What is spring like?
Joanna: That’s a difficult question, because usually it’s hard to predict the weather. We often say that March and April, which are the spring months, mix a little bit of both, summer and winter.
Gabriella: What about summer, what is it like?
Joanna: It’s rather pleasant, not too hot, but it’s also a season when we get many storms!
Gabriella: It sounds like Poland’s climate is pretty changeable, then! Be prepared, listeners!
Gabriella: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Joanna, what’s the first word?
Joanna: ‘gorący’
Gabriella: “hot”. This adjective can be used to describe things with a high temperature, such as tea, soup or metal, and also to describe a person. So, in English for example you’d say - “hot girl”
Joanna: Exactly! In Polish we say the same things if we’re attracted to someone, so “hot girl” would be ‘gorąca dziewczyna’
Gabriella: and “hot guy” will be
Joanna: ‘gorący facet’
Gabriella: I have a feeling that there are also other phrases or sayings that make a use of this adjective. Am I right?
Joanna: You sure are! Let me tell you about one of them. It goes like this - ‘przyłapany na gorącym uczynku’
Gabriella: can you repeat that slowly?
Joanna: ‘przyłapany na gorącym uczynku’
Gabriella: meaning “caught in the act ”
Joanna: literally “caught in the HOT act”
Gabriella: “hot act” - sounds funny
Joanna: for more examples of sayings with the adjective ‘gorący’, please check the lesson notes
Gabriella: okay, what’s the next word?
Joanna: ‘zimny’
Gabriella: “cold”
Joanna: there are a few expressions that all of you studying Polish should know.
Gabriella, okay, let’s hear them
Joanna: ‘zimno mi’
Gabriella: “I’m cold”
Joanna: Another one is something you may hear quite often when it gets cold in winter - ‘ale zimno!’
Gabriella: “cold!”
Joanna: use this expression when you think it’s cold outside, in the house, or when you yourself are feeling cold in general.
Gabriella: There are more things to know about this Polish adjective, so be sure to check the lesson notes! Now, onto the grammar!
Gabriella: In this lesson we will revise all that we have learned about Polish adjectives
Joanna: As you might remember, we can separate adjectives into two groups
Gabriella: Yes, depending on the vowel they end with
Joanna: Exactly. So one group is those ending with the Polish letter ‘y’
Gabriella: The same as the English “y”
Joanna: And the other group ends with the Polish vowel ‘i’
Gabriella: In English “i”. In the dialogue, Gosia and Alex talked about weather, so in the lesson notes you will find a table with adjectives connected to this topic. Let’s talk about one of the sentences from the dialogue.
Joanna: Okay. Gosia said - ‘jesień jest wietrzna i deszczowa’
Gabriella: What are the components of this sentence?
Joanna: First there is the feminine noun - ‘jesień’
Gabriella: meaning “autumn”
Joanna: Then comes ‘jest’, the third person singular form of the verb ‘być’
Gabriella: meaning “is”
Joanna: Next we have the feminine adjective ‘wietrzna’
Gabriella: meaning “windy”
Joanna: The conjunction ‘i’
Gabriella: Meaning “and”
Joanna: And lastly another feminine adjective - ‘deszczowa’
Gabriella: meaning “rainy”
Joanna: Now, can you tell me why the noun and both adjectives are feminine?
Gabriella: I know! I know! Because there has be gender agreement between the noun and the adjectives that describe it!
Joanna: Someone’s been doing their homework!
Gabriella: So for example if we change the noun into “summer”
Joanna: Then the forms will be totally different. The noun we will use is neuter, in Polish “lato”, so the adjectives will also have to be neuter. The sentence will sound like this - ‘lato jest wietrzne i deszczowe’
Gabriella: “Summer is windy and rainy”. So please remember, there are two groups of adjectives and depending on which group they belong to, there will be different patterns of making comparative and superlative forms. And gender is very important in Polish!
Joanna: That’s true. And here’s a quick reminder - all nouns and adjectives have one of three genders - masculine, feminine and neuter. And if we put nouns and adjectives together, their gender has to be the same!
Gabriella: In the lesson notes, you will find more examples of sentences that make use of adjectives, so make sure you check them out!


Gabriella: And that’s all for this lesson. Bye for now!
Joanna: As always thank you for listening and we’ll see you in our next lesson! Do zobaczenia!