Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gabriella: Hello everyone and welcome back to PolishPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner, season 1, lesson 20, Where’s The Tallest Building in Poland? I’m Gabriella.
Joanna: And I’m Joanna.
Gabriella: In this lesson you'll learn to make comparative and superlative forms from Polish i-adjectives or i-adjectives in English.
Joanna: This conversation takes place at home, where two friends are looking at a Polish tourism website.
Gabriella: It’s between Gosia and Alex.
Joanna: The speakers are friends, so they’ll be using informal Polish.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gabriella: Joanna, I’m sure we have some listeners who are into architecture! What was the name of the building we heard in the dialogue again?
Joanna: Sky Tower!
Gabriella: What’s so special about it?
Joanna: It’s in a city called Wroclaw, which is in western Poland. It’s the tallest building in Poland, and the tallest residential building in European Union
Gabriella: Wow! Sounds impressive! How tall is it exactly?
Joanna: It’s 212 meters tall.
Gabriella: What can we find in the building?
Joanna: There are apartments and offices, but also a shopping center which consists of more than 80 brand shops, restaurants, a fitness club, spa, and much more
Gabriella: Sounds like a cool place to visit.
Joanna: For sure it is, if you go to Wroclaw city!
Gabriella: Listeners, be sure to note the name and check it out when you go to Poland!
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gabriella: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Joanna, what’s the first word?
Joanna: ‘miasto’
Gabriella: “city”
Joanna: There’s one more meaning of ‘miasto’
Gabriella: What is that?
Joanna: “town”
Gabriella: Oh I see, so in Polish, there’s only one word for the English “town” and “city”. Is that correct?
Joanna: Yes.
Gabriella: What’s the gender of that noun?
Joanna: It’s a neuter noun
Gabriella: Is there anything else you can tell us about this word?
Joanna: There is an adjective that derives from the noun ‘miasto’. It’s ‘miejski’.
Gabriella: meaning “urban”
Joanna: We can use it as in the phrase - ‘park miejski’
Gabriella: meaning “urban park”
Joanna: Please repeat after me - ‘miasto’
Gabriella: (pause) “city, town”
Joanna: ‘miejski’
Gabriella: (pause) “urban”
Joanna: Now let me tell you a few phrases, which may come in handy, but can be a little bit tricky
Gabriella: we’re all ears!
Joanna: ‘plan miasta’
Gabriella: meaning “city map”
Joanna: please note that in this case, in Polish, we don’t use the noun ‘mapa’
Gabriella: which means “map”
Joanna: another useful phrase is - ‘jechać do miasta’
Gabriella: “to go/drive to the city”. Very often what you mean when you say this is, going to the city center, not to the city itself, because you are already in the city. Okay, what’s the next word?
Joanna: ‘budynek’
Gabriella: “building”
Joanna: there are a few other parts of speech linked to this masculine noun
Gabriella: I’m guessing one’s a verb
Joanna: good guess!!
Gabriella: so how do we say “to build” in Polish?
Joanna: ‘budować’
Gabriella: it can also mean “to construct”
Joanna: exactly!
Gabriella: For more examples, be sure to check the lesson notes. Now, it’s high time to move on to the grammar!
GRAMMAR POINT
Gabriella: In this lesson you will continue learning about the comparative and superlative forms of Polish adjectives. In the last lesson we learned all about grading so-called y-adjectives and now it’s time to learn about i-adjectives.
Joanna: Unfortunately in this group, there are quite a few irregularities, so there’s no choice but to memorize them
Gabriella: That’s not such good news.
Joanna: But a little bit of memorizing won’t hurt anyone!
Gabriella: That’s true.
Joanna: Now, one thing that all i-adjectives have in common is the suffix -szy, “s,z,y”, which we will find at the end of every comparative form.
Gabriella: Can you give us an example?
Joanna: Sure! Let’s take ‘słodki’
Gabriella: meaning “sweet”
Joanna: The comparative form of ‘slodki’ is ‘słodszy’. We replace the last two letters with the suffix -szy. Then, to make the superlative form, you just need to add the prefix naj-, “n,a,j”, to the comparative form
Gabriella: Can we hear them altogether?
Joanna: ‘słodki - słodszy - najsłodszy’
Gabriella: In English - “sweet - sweeter - the sweetest”
Joanna: Another example could be - ‘krótki’
Gabriella: meaning “short”
Joanna: All the forms go like this - ‘krótki - krótszy - najkrótszy’
Gabriella: In English - “short - shorter - the shortest”
Joanna: Let’s have a look at one of the adjectives that requires more changes. For example - ‘niski’
Gabriella: meaning “short, low”
Joanna: Here the main pattern stays the same, but there’s one more additional change. In the comparative form, the letter ‘s’ is changed into ‘ż’, so it sounds like this - ‘niższy’
Gabriella: Can we hear all the forms now?
Joanna: ‘niski - niższy - najniższy’
Gabriella: “short - shorter - the shortest”
Joanna: In the dialogue, Gosia was talking about the tallest building in Poland.
Gabriella: How do we say - “the tallest in Poland”?
Joanna: ‘najwyższy w Polsce’
Gabriella: Can we hear the all the forms of the adjective “tall”
Joanna: Sure! It goes like this - ‘wysoki - wyższy - najwyższy’
Gabriella: “tall - taller - the tallest”
Joanna: Here again we needed to replace the letter ‘s’ with the letter ‘ż’
Gabriella: Yes, but let’s not get discouraged and check the notes of this lesson for more examples of adjectives and their comparative and superlative forms!
Joanna: Make sure you learn them, because they will come in handy in further lessons!

Outro

Gabriella: And that’s going to do it for this lesson, thanks for listening, everyone! Bye!
Joanna: Papa.

5 Comments

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PolishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hello Listeners, do you know any other Polish i-adjective?

PolishPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 5:43 pm
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Hello Jav,


Thank you for question!

Y in the word budynek is pronounced as same as in "wymowa" or "trudny".

Maybe it's misheard. Sometimes for beginners it's difficult to hear correctly but don't give up and keep learning.

If you have any other questions please ask!


Karolina

Team PolishPod101.com

Jav
Monday at 11:46 am
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Hello,


why is the sound of the letter y in the word budynek pronounced like an i, and not like an e such as in wymowa or trudny?


Thanks :grin:

PolishPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 7:23 am
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Hi Greg


The English translation may be confusing. If you look at lesson Beginner 6 the first sentence is "Jak wyglądasz" translated to "WHAT do you look like?", but here the question word used in Polish is "JAK" meaning literally "HOW". In the lesson Absolute Beginner 20, however, we have another sentence "CO to za budynek?" translated as "WHAT building is that?".


It may look like the "CO" is missing in the first case, but the question word used in Polish is what changes.

CO -> WHAT

JAK -> HOW


Sincerely

Piotr

Team PolishPod101.com

greg
Saturday at 6:11 am
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17 Oct '14

Cześć. Tak. "towarzyski" from Beginner Season 1 Lesson 6.

Why is "co" missing from the lesson notes?