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Lesson Transcript

Gabriella: Hello everyone and welcome back to PolishPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner, season 1, lesson 16, Hunting for Discounts in Poland. I’m Gabriella.
Joanna: And I’m Joanna.
Gabriella: In this lesson, you'll learn vocabulary and phrases you’ll need to go shopping in Poland.
Joanna: This conversation takes place in the supermarket.
Gabriella: It’s between Gosia and Alex.
Joanna: The speakers are friends, so they will be using informal Polish.
Alex: O! Promocja!
Gosia: Jaka promocja?
Alex: Warzywa i owoce za pół ceny.
Gosia: Super! Muszę kupić ziemniaki, jabłka i banany.
Gabriella: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Alex: O! Promocja!
Gosia: Jaka promocja?
Alex: Warzywa i owoce za pół ceny.
Gosia: Super! Muszę kupić ziemniaki, jabłka i banany.
Gabriella: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Alex: O! Promocja!
Alex: Oh! Promotion!
Gosia: Jaka promocja?
Gosia: What promotion?
Alex: Warzywa i owoce za pół ceny.
Alex: Vegetables and fruit half price.
Gosia: Super! Muszę kupić ziemniaki, jabłka i banany.
Gosia: Super! I must buy potatoes, apples and bananas.
Gabriella: Is there anything special about grocery shopping in Poland?
Joanna: Hmm, well, all fruits and vegetables are sold per kilogram
Gabriella: Are any other products sold that way?
Joanna: Yes, also fresh meat, fish, cheese and cured meat. There are always separate sections for all of those, where the staff will cut, weigh and pack it for you
Gabriella: Okay, let’s go back to vegetables and fruits. How do we find out how much we have to pay for them?
Joanna: There are two options - one is that you weigh them by yourself - in those supermarkets there will be a scale somewhere close by. Then you press a button that shows the vegetable you’re buying, and a sticker with a calculated price and bar code will be printed out.
Gabriella: What’s another option?
Joanna: If you can’t find a scale, it means that your groceries will be weighed by the cashier.
Gabriella: Okay, this is all very good to know for you listeners travelling to Poland!
Gabriella: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is...
Joanna: Promocja [natural native speed]
Gabriella: promotion, discount
Joanna: Promocja [slowly - broken down by syllable] Promocja [natural native speed]
Gabriella: Next
Joanna: Warzywo [natural native speed]
Gabriella: vegetable
Joanna: Warzywo [slowly - broken down by syllable] Warzywo [natural native speed]
Gabriella: Next
Joanna: Owoc [natural native speed]
Gabriella: fruit
Joanna: Owoc [slowly - broken down by syllable] Owoc [natural native speed]
Gabriella: Next
Joanna: Pół [natural native speed]
Gabriella: half
Joanna: Pół [slowly - broken down by syllable] Pół [natural native speed]
Gabriella: Next
Joanna: Cena [natural native speed]
Gabriella: price
Joanna: Cena [slowly - broken down by syllable] Cena [natural native speed]
Gabriella: Next
Joanna: Ziemniak [natural native speed]
Gabriella: potato
Joanna: Ziemniak [slowly - broken down by syllable] Ziemniak [natural native speed]
Gabriella: Next
Joanna: Jabłko [natural native speed]
Gabriella: apple
Joanna: Jabłko [slowly - broken down by syllable] Jabłko [natural native speed]
Gabriella: And last...
Joanna: Banan [natural native speed]
Gabriella: banana
Joanna: Banan [slowly - broken down by syllable] Banan [natural native speed]
Gabriella: Let's take a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Joanna, what’s the first word?
Joanna: ‘promocja’
Gabriella: “discount” or “promotion”
Joanna: If the regular price of something changes and it becomes attractive, then we can say it’s ‘promocja’
Gabriella: The same way as we use “discount” in English
Joanna: Exactly
Gabriella: So we can see that word all over the supermarkets and department stores during sales periods?
Joanna: Yes, but the word ‘sale’ is also very popular, especially when it comes to department stores
Gabriella: Anything else you want to share with us about the word ‘promocja’?
Joanna: Maybe one more thing. In Poland, chain supermarkets release so-called - ‘gazetka promocyjna’. ‘gazetka’ stands for a kind of newsletter and ‘promocyjna’ is an adjective that derives from the noun ‘promocja’
Gabriella: So this newsletter has all the information about the discounts?
Joanna: Exactly.
Gabriella: Okay, what’s the next word?
Joanna: ‘pół’
Gabriella: “half”
Joanna: In the dialogue it was used in the phrase ‘za pół ceny’
Gabriella: Can you remind us what that means?
Joanna: Of course. ‘za pół ceny’ means “for half price”
Gabriella: Do we also use it when we talk about time?
Joanna: Yes, for example when we say - ‘half an hour”, it’s ‘pół godziny’ in Polish
Gabriella: what about a phrase - “in half an hour”?
Joanna: That’s ‘za pół godziny’
Gabriella: Let’s practice the pronunciation together. Listeners, please repeat after Joanna.
Joanna: ‘pół’
Gabriella: (pause) “half”
Joanna: ‘za pół ceny’
Gabriella: (pause) “for half price”
Joanna: ‘za pół godziny’
Gabriella: (pause) “in half an hour”
Joanna: Great job, everyone!
Gabriella: Okay, now onto the grammar.
Gabriella: In this lesson, you’ll learn some vocabulary and phrases necessary to go shopping in Poland
Joanna: But first, we need to learn a new verb! Here’s a clue... We heard Gosia using it in the dialogue, and it was ‘musieć’
Gabriella: It means “must” or “have to”
Joanna: Let’s go through the conjugation of this verb together.
Gabriella: Okay, that’s a good idea! As always, please repeat after Joanna
Joanna: ‘muszę’
Gabriella: (pause) “I must”
Joanna: ‘musisz’
Gabriella: (pause) “you must”
Joanna: ‘musi’
Gabriella: (pause) “he, she, it must”
Joanna: ‘musimy’
Gabriella: (pause) “we must”
Joanna: ‘musicie’
Gabriella: (pause) “you must”
Joanna: ‘muszą’
Gabriella: (pause) “they must”
Joanna: This verb is very useful when you’re talking about your shopping list. We Poles often say - muszę kupić..
Gabriella: meaning “I must buy..”
Joanna: ...and then list the products we need
Gabriella: For example?
Joanna: Let’s take a sentence from the dialogue.
Gabriella: Gosia said - “I must buy potatoes, apples and bananas”
Joanna: In Polish - ‘muszę kupić ziemniaki, jabłka i banany’
Gabriella: Let’s break it down.
Joanna: We start off with the verb ‘musieć’ in the first person singular form, which is ‘muszę’, then we have the infinitive verb ‘kupić’
Gabriella: meaning “to buy”
Joanna: and then names of products we want - ‘ziemniaki’
Gabriella: “potatoes”
Joanna: ‘jabłka’
Gabriella: “apples”
Joanna: ‘banany’
Gabriella: “bananas”
Joanna: The last two products are separated by the conjunction ‘i’
Gabriella: which means and has the same usage as “and” in English
Joanna: Here’s something very important to remember. If you use the verb ‘musieć’, please remember that if it’s followed by a verb, the verb has to be in its infinitive form
Gabriella: That’s a very good tip.
Joanna: Let’s practice making sentences a bit more with ‘musieć’
Gabriella: Okay! Let’s say I need milk and cheese.
Joanna: Milk is ‘mleko’ and cheese is ‘ser’. Listeners, try to make the sentence “I must buy milk and cheese” by yourself…[pause]
Gabriella: Everyone ready? Joanna, what’s the correct answer?
Joanna: ‘Muszę kupić mleko i ser’
Gabriella: “I must buy milk and cheese”
Joanna: Let’s make one more - this time with ‘chleb’
Gabriella: meaning “bread”
Joanna: and ‘masło’
Gabriella: meaning “butter”
Joanna: You’ve got a few seconds… (pause) Done? Okay! here it goes - ‘muszę kupić chleb i masło’
Gabriella: “I must buy bread and butter”
Joanna: Great job everyone! In the lesson notes, you’ll find tables with food vocabulary and one more way of talking about your shopping list.
Gabriella: So be sure to check it out.


Gabriella: Okay, that’s it for this lesson. Thank you for listening everyone.
Joanna: Papa.