Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina:
Hello everyone and welcome to PolishPod101.com’s Absolute Beginner series. This is season 1, lesson 1, Saying Hello No Matter the Time of Day in Polish. I’m Gina.
Joanna:
And I’m Joanna.
Gina:
In this lesson you'll learn how to greet people.
Joanna:
This conversation takes place at a cafeteria.
Gina:
It’s between Gosia and Alex.
Joanna:
The speakers are around the same age, so they will be using informal Polish.
Gina:
Let’s listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gina:
Let’s learn a little more about Polish culture. Joanna, do Poles use a lot of gestures when they talk?
Joanna:
Yes, generally speaking, we do, but of course it depends on the person.
Gina:
Are there times when it’s important to use certain gestures?
Joanna:
Yes, there are, especially when you’re greeting people.
Gina:
Can you tell us more about those?
Joanna:
Sure! First of all there’s a handshake, which is usually reserved for men only, or for business matters. When you meet someone for the first time, it’s best to do the handshake. Also when you meet your friends, the most common thing to do is to hug or kiss each others’ cheeks. Poles are very open with this.
Gina:
So listeners, keep these tips in mind. Now let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gina:
Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Joanna, what’s the first word?
Joanna:
‘świetnie’
Gina:
“great”. This can be used in different situations, both when you want to express happiness or excitement and sarcasm or irony - it all depends on your intonation. What part of speech is it?
Joanna:
It’s an adverb that derives from the adjective ‘świetny.’
Gina:
Which can also be translated as “great”.
Joanna:
In Polish, nouns and adjectives have a gender. Świetny is a masculine adjective.
Gina:
For the other forms, please refer to the lesson notes. What’s next, Joanna?
Joanna:
A phrase - ‘jak się masz?’
Gina:
Meaning “how are you?”. “How are you” is used a lot in English, but in Polish, it’s not so common. But it is a good way to start a conversation, if you don’t really know what to say.
Joanna:
There’s also something interesting about the words used in the Polish version.
Gina:
What’s that?
Joanna:
In Polish, the verb used in this phrase is ‘masz’, the 2nd person form of the verb ‘mieć’.
Gina:
which means “to be”.
Joanna:
For more information about this, check the lesson notes for this lesson. Okay, now onto the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Gina:
In this lesson, you’ll learn about how to greet people in both formal and informal situations.
Joanna:
Let’s start with the informal, and most common way of greeting people in Poland, which is ‘cześć’.
Gina:
It means “hi” or “hello” in English.
Joanna:
This is a familiar greeting you can use with family members, friends, or colleagues.
Gina:
So, all the people who you address by their first name, right?
Joanna:
Exactly.
Gina:
Are there any other greetings that can be used with friends?
Joanna:
There are quite a few, and they are mostly slang.
Gina:
Don’t keep us in suspense!
Joanna:
Okay, so the first one, which is very popular among younger generations nowadays is ‘siema’. It’s a very interesting word, because it actually derives from the phrase ‘jak się masz’.
Gina:
meaning “how are you”.
Joanna:
if we cut off the first word ‘jak’
Gina:
...meaning “how”...
Joanna:
...what’s left is ‘się masz’. Then to make it even shorter, the word ‘siema’ was created.
Gina:
Does it still mean “how are you”.
Joanna:
Not really, it’s just another way of saying “hi” to your friends.
Gina:
Any other informal greetings?
Joanna:
There’s also ‘hej’.
Gina:
It’s exactly the same as the English “hey”.
Joanna:
...and that’s what it comes from!
Gina:
So, to sum up, there are three ways of greeting your friends. Listeners, try to repeat after Joanna
Joanna:
‘cześć’ [pause]
Gina:
“hi, hello”
Joanna:
‘hej’ [pause]
Gina:
“hey”
Joanna:
‘siema’ [pause]
Gina:
“hi, hey”
Joanna:
Please note that you can’t really use these last 2 with your family members
Gina:
Good to know. What about greeting strangers or those older than you?
Joanna:
Here we also have a few options.
Gina:
Let’s start with the most common one.
Joanna:
Ok. That would be ‘dzień dobry’.
Gina:
meaning “good morning”.
Joanna:
‘dzień dobry’ can be used through the whole day. In other words, in Polish we don’t distinguish “good morning” and “good afternoon” - it’s always ‘dzień dobry’.
Gina:
What does it literally mean?
Joanna:
“good day”.
Gina:
What about “good evening”?
Joanna:
It’s ‘dobry wieczór’.
Gina:
Alright. Let’s practice these. Everyone, repeat after Joanna.
Joanna:
‘dzień dobry’
Gina:
“good morning, good afternoon”
Joanna:
‘dobry wieczór’
Gina:
“good evening”

Outro

Joanna:
Well, that’s all for this lesson!
Gina:
Thanks for listening, and be sure to check the lesson notes. We’ll see you in the next lesson. Bye!
Joanna:
Papa

46 Comments

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PolishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Welcome to PolishPod101.com!

Let’s practice through comments!

Monday at 6:59 pm
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Hello Reim,

Thank you for posting.
Please check out our introduction section first:
https://www.polishpod101.com/index.php?cat=Introduction

Or the Absolute Beginner videos:
https://www.polishpod101.com/index.php?cat=Absolute%20Beginner%20Videos

And please remember, practice makes perfect! :thumbsup:

Let us know if you have any question.
Cheers,
Lena
Team PolishPod101.com

Reim
Saturday at 3:54 pm
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:disappointed: :disappointed: :disappointed: this is to hard :sob:

Thursday at 12:29 am
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Hi Samantha

Thank you for sharing your experience. The best way to learn how to pronounce would be to watch short videos in Polish (like we have on PolishPod101.com or YouTube ofr example). You can even listen to Polish radio or watch some Polish tv to familiarize yourself with Polish pronunciation.

I hope that helps Samantha!

Cheers :sunglasses:
Basia
Team PolishPod101.com

Samantha
Wednesday at 10:09 pm
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Ok I’m Polish but I always feel like I’m pronouncing the words wrong; mostly toung rolls…?

Tuesday at 12:21 pm
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Hi akshay,

Welcome to PolishPod101.com!
I recommend starting with All About series https://www.polishpod101.com/index.php?cat=25
Please check it out!

Thank you,
Ofelia
Team PolishPod101.com

akshay
Monday at 11:22 pm
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Hello I want to learn polish can you teach me.?
From starting like A.B.C.D in English

Thursday at 6:33 pm
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Hello Kelly,

Thank you very much for posting and sharing your story.
We’re really glad to have you at PolishPod101.com!

Please let us know more about your learning experience.
We hope you’ll be able to master Polish in the near future.

Let us know if you have any question.
Sincerely,
Lena
Team PolishPod101.com

Kelly
Friday at 10:35 pm
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Hello,

I am definitely liking this site. My Maternal Grandpa was polish, My maternal Grandma was mad for awhile for him not keeping up the polish language, I would have been bi lingual. He would teach us some polish words he remembered when he got older and my cousin and I would get mad at his sister because she was little and caught on real quickly, where we would asked grandpa to constantly repeat the words. LOL!

I find this site very helpful. I have increased some of my polish vocabulary. My favorite phrase is see you later Nah rah in polish rolls of the tongue nicely. Na Razie I will probably download the app on my mobile device. to keep up and when I go visit my relatives in Minnesota I will try some of this polish language on them to see if they remember any of it.

I will definitely be a lifetime member hopefully I can be very fluent in Polish and then if we ever have a polish resident at my work who only speaks polish I can translate.

Sunday at 9:56 pm
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Hi Belinda,
this lesson is audio lesson, so we don’t have video.
We offer Lesson Notes (PDF) where you can see the transcriptions and
all those important info covered in the lessons.
Maybe that helps! :wink:

We also offer video lessons, so please check them out too.
Hopefully you’ll like them!

Natsuko,
Team PolishPod101.com

Belinda
Saturday at 6:49 pm
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is there a video accompanying the audio?