Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Brandon: Hello everyone and welcome back to PolishPod101.com. This is Upper Beginner, season 1, lesson 23, You Can’t Be Late to a Polish Wedding! I’m Brandon.
Marzena: And I’m Marzena.
Brandon: In this lesson, you'll learn how to talk about time.
Marzena: This conversation takes place at home.
Brandon: It’s between Tom and Jane.
Marzena: The speakers are friends, so they’ll be using informal Polish.
Brandon: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Tom: Jesteś już gotowa?
Jane: Prawie. O której zaczyna się wesele?
Tom: O osiedemnastej.
Jane: To o której wychodzimy?
Tom: O siedemnastej trzydzieści.
Brandon: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Tom: Jesteś już gotowa?
Jane: Prawie. O której zaczyna się wesele?
Tom: O osiedemnastej.
Jane: To o której wychodzimy?
Tom: O siedemnastej trzydzieści.
Brandon: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Tom: Jesteś już gotowa?
Brandon: Are you ready yet?
Jane: Prawie. O której zaczyna się wesele?
Brandon: Almost. What time does the wedding party start?
Tom: O osiedemnastej.
Brandon: At six pm.
Jane: To o której wychodzimy?
Brandon: So what time do we leave?
Tom: O siedemnastej trzydzieści.
Brandon: At five-thirty.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Brandon: What can you tell us about weddings in Poland, Marzena?
Marzena: First of all, they are called wesele in Polish.
Brandon: Are there any traditions that have lasted until today?
Marzena: There’s one that is still very popular. It’s when newlyweds arrive at the reception hall - usually late - and are welcomed by their parents with bread made especially for that occasion. Usually it’s a big, very beautifully decorated loaf of bread, with salt and two shots of vodka.
Brandon: Do they have to eat and drink these?
Marzena: No one eats the bread, they just drink the vodka and here’s the very important part - they have to break the glasses, for luck. Don’t ask me why.
Brandon: Ok, I’m not going to ask.
Marzena: There’s much more about wesele in the lesson notes, so check them out!
Vocab list
Brandon: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Joanna: gotowy [natural native speed]
Brandon: ready
Joanna: gotowy [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Joanna: gotowy [natural native speed]
Next:
Joanna: prawie [natural native speed]
Brandon: almost
Joanna: prawie [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Joanna: prawie [natural native speed]
Next:
Joanna: o której [natural native speed]
Brandon: what time
Joanna: o której [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Joanna: o której [natural native speed]
Next:
Joanna: zaczynać się [natural native speed]
Brandon: to start
Joanna: zaczynać się [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Joanna: zaczynać się [natural native speed]
Next:
Joanna: wesele [natural native speed]
Brandon: wedding party
Joanna: wesele [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Joanna: wesele [natural native speed]
Next:
Joanna: wychodzić [natural native speed]
Brandon: to go out, to leave
Joanna: wychodzić [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Joanna: wychodzić [natural native speed]
Next:
Joanna: o [natural native speed]
Brandon: about
Joanna: o [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Joanna: o [natural native speed]
And Last:
Joanna: być [natural native speed]
Brandon: to be
Joanna: być [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Joanna: być [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Brandon: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Marzena, what’s our first word?
Marzena: wesele
Brandon: Which means “wedding party”.
Marzena: It’s a neuter noun and can be modified into an adjective - weselny (masculine), weselna (feminine) and weselne (neuter). You use the adjective to describe something connected to the wedding, for example wódka weselna.
Brandon: meaning “wedding vodka” which is a special kind, served during wedding parties.
Marzena: You seem to know this subject well! Let’s do some practice with sample sentences.
Brandon: What’s the first one?
Marzena: Wczoraj byłam na weselu.
Brandon: meaning “Yesterday I was at a wedding.”
Marzena: As you can see, this noun links with the preposition na. That’s very important to remember.
Brandon: Let’s see another sample sentence.
Marzena: Ok, let’s go with Mój brat zaprosił na wesele ponad sto osób.
Brandon: “My brother invited more than a hundred people to his wedding party.”
Marzena: The next word we’ll discuss is the adjective gotowy.
Brandon: Which means “ready”.
Marzena: It can also mean “prepared” or “willing”.
Brandon: Let’s give our listeners an example of a sentence with each meaning.
Marzena: Okay, starting with “ready” - Jestem gotowy do pracy.
Brandon: “I’m ready for work.”
Marzena: Now “prepared” - Obiad gotowy!
Brandon: “Dinner is ready!”
Marzena: and lastly “willing” - Jestem gotowy zrobić wszystko, by zdobyć tę pracę.
Brandon: “I’m willing to do anything to get this job.”
Marzena: Hopefully you can see the difference between those three meanings.
Brandon: For more information, make sure to check the lesson notes. Okay, now onto the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Brandon: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about time.
Marzena: In Poland both the 12-hour clock and the 24-hour clock are used. The first one is probably a bit more casual but it usually depends on the person.
Brandon: Knowledge of numbers will be necessary in this lesson, so if you don’t remember them, make sure to go back to the Absolute Beginner series.
Marzena: To say what time it is, you need to know ordinal numbers in their feminine form.
Brandon: Why feminine?
Marzena: Because we will talk about hours, and an “hour” in Polish is a feminine noun - godzina.
Brandon: And there always has to be a gender agreement between words.
Marzena: Exactly! So let’s go through the numbers one by one. Listeners, as always I’ll give you the Polish, please repeat after me.
Brandon: And then I’ll give you the English.
Marzena: Okay - pierwsza
Brandon: (pause) “one”
Marzena: druga
Brandon: (pause) “two”
Marzena: trzecia
Brandon: (pause) “three”
Marzena: czwarta
Brandon: (pause) “four”
Marzena: piąta
Brandon: (pause) “five”
Marzena: szósta
Brandon: (pause) “six”
Marzena: siódma
Brandon: (pause) “seven”
Marzena: ósma
Brandon: (pause) “eight”
Marzena: dziewiąta
Brandon: (pause) “nine”
Marzena: dziesiąta
Brandon: (pause) “ten”
Marzena: jedenasta
Brandon: (pause) “eleven”
Marzena: dwunasta
Brandon: (pause) “twelve”
Marzena: Good job, everyone! For the remaining 12 numbers, check the lesson notes.
Brandon: Now how do we ask about time in Polish?
Marzena: It’s a very simple question - Która jest teraz godzina? or in short Która godzina?
Brandon: “What time is it now?”
Marzena: The second one is more casual than the first one. For more variations of the question, check the lesson notes.
Brandon: How do we answer the question?
Marzena: All you have to do is give the time. For example, która jest godzina?
Brandon: “What time is it?”
Marzena: czwarta
Brandon: “4 o’clock”
Marzena: Ok, let’s say it’s 11 am. Listeners, how do you say that in Polish? (pause) Ready? Here’s the answer - jedenasta. You can also add the words rano.
Brandon: “in the morning”
Marzena: or popołudniu
Brandon: ‘In the afternoon’
Marzena: or wieczorem
Brandon: “in the evening”
Marzena: or w nocy
Brandon: “at night”
Marzena: then you will get, for example, jedenasta rano
Brandon: literally meaning “11 am”
Marzena: Listeners, która jest teraz godzina? Let’s say it’s 1 pm. How do you say that? (pause) Here’s the answer - pierwsza or pierwsza popołudniu.

Outro

Brandon: And that’s going to do it for this lesson, thanks for listening, everyone. We’ll see you next time, bye!
Marzena:

5 Comments

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PolishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Hi Listeners! At what time did you start studying Polish today? *Try answering in Polish! 

PolishPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 12:56 am
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Hi Choi


Did you mean to say: Zawsze uczę się polskiego OD dziewiątej DO pierwszej?:)


Best?

Basia

Team PolishPod101.com

Choi Weng Kuan
Saturday at 8:04 am
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Zawsze uczę się polskiego o dziewiątej pierwszej!

PolishPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 12:51 pm
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Hi Joe


Thank you for your comment. In Poland we use more often 18:00 (for 6pm) and 17:30 (for 5:30 pm).

We do not really use am and pm in our daily speech.


Sincerely

Piotr

Team PolishPod101.com

Joe Kussey
Thursday at 6:31 am
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I think the times in the dialogue are 8 o'clock and 7:30, not 6 o'clock and 5:30.