Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Betsey: In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Polish learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Betsey: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question Whose is this? In Polish this is
Joanna: Czyje to jest?
Betsey: The first word in the question is
Joanna: czyje
Betsey: meaning whose in English.
Joanna: (Slow, by syllable) czyje
Betsey: Listen again and repeat.
Joanna: czyje
{Pause}
Betsey: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Joanna: to
Betsey: meaning this.
Joanna: (Slow, by syllable) to
Betsey: Now repeat.
Joanna: to
{Pause}
Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Joanna: czyje to
{pause}
And next
Joanna: jest
Betsey: meaning it is.
Joanna: (Slow, by syllable) jest
Betsey: Now repeat.
Joanna: jest
{Pause}
Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Joanna: czyje to jest
{pause}
Betsey: (You will hear this common question again and again throughout your studies.) Master the following pattern and responses to the question Whose is this??
Joanna: Moje.
Betsey: "It's mine.. Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Joanna: (Slow) Moje.
{pause}
Betsey: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first and only word is:
Joanna: moje
Betsey: meaning mine.
Joanna: (Slow, by syllable) moje
Betsey: Now repeat
Joanna: moje
{Pause}
Betsey: In Polish, you can simply say a pronoun. Now listen to the speaker say, It's mine., and then repeat.
Joanna: Moje.
{pause}
Betsey: To expand on the pattern, replace mine with his.
Joanna: jego
Betsey: his
Joanna: (slow) jego (regular) jego
Betsey: Listen to the phrase again, this time with his. Say It's his.
Joanna: Jego.
{pause}
Betsey: To expand on the pattern, replace his with hers.
Joanna: jej
Betsey: hers
Joanna: (slow) jej (regular) jej
Betsey: Listen to the phrase again, this time with hers. Say It's hers.
Joanna: Jej.
{pause}
Betsey: To use a different phrase, replace hers with ours.
Joanna: nasze
Betsey: ours
Joanna: (slow) nasze (regular) nasze
Betsey: Listen to the phrase again, this time with ours. Say It's ours.
Joanna: Nasze.
{pause}
QUIZ
Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting Poland, and someone asks you who something belongs to. You want to say It's mine.. Respond to the question.
Joanna: Czyje to jest? (five seconds) Moje.
Betsey: Now, you want to say it's It's his. Respond to the question.
Joanna: Czyje to jest? (five seconds) Jego.
Betsey: Now, you want to say it's It's hers.. . Answer the speaker's question.
Joanna: Czyje to jest? (five seconds) Jej.
Betsey: Now, you want to say It's ours.. Respond to the question.
Joanna: Czyje to jest? (five seconds) Nasze.
Betsey: Imagine that you find something, and you want to know who it belongs to. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
Joanna: Czyje to jest?
{pause}

Outro

Betsey: This is the end of Lesson 23

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