Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, and welcome back to PolishPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner Season 1 Lesson 23 - Finding Places in Poland. Eric here.
Marzena: Cześć. I'm Marzena.
Eric: In this lesson you’ll learn how to give directions in Polish. The conversation takes place at a bus stop.
Marzena: It's between Kasia and Felipe.
Eric: The speakers are friends, so they'll use informal Polish. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Kasia: No to jesteśmy. To jest Park Łazienkowski.
Felipe: Bardzo duży.
Kasia: Tak, spytam o drogę. Przepraszam, gdzie jest Belweder?
Kobieta: Proszę iść prosto i za Białym Domem skręcić w prawo.
Kasia: Prosto i w prawo? Dziękuję.
Felipe: Biały Dom? Belweder? Wszystko tu macie!
Eric: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Kasia: No to jesteśmy. To jest Park Łazienkowski.
Felipe: Bardzo duży.
Kasia: Tak, spytam o drogę. Przepraszam, gdzie jest Belweder?
Kobieta: Proszę iść prosto i za Białym Domem skręcić w prawo.
Kasia: Prosto i w prawo? Dziękuję.
Felipe: Biały Dom? Belweder? Wszystko tu macie!
Eric: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Kasia: So, here we are. This is the Royal Baths Park.
Felipe: Very big.
Kasia: Yes, I will ask for directions. Excuse me, where is Belvedere?
Woman: Go straight and turn right after the White House.
Kasia: Straight and right? Thank you.
Felipe: White House? Belvedere? You've got everything.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Marzena, what is Belvedere?
Marzena: It's the name of a palace in Warsaw, and it's where the current Polish president resides.
Eric: What is this palace usually used for?
Marzena: Normally it's used for ceremonial purposes, as well as as a residence for special guests of the country of Poland.
Eric: Is it close to Lazienki Park?
Marzena: Yes. Really close, actually. In the same area there's also Ujazdów Castle, Ujazdów Park, the Astronomical Observatory, and many other places of note.
Eric: It's definitely the most popular area for tourists to visit when they’re in Warsaw. Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Eric: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Marzena: bardzo [natural native speed]
Eric: very (much)
Marzena: bardzo [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: bardzo [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Marzena: duży [natural native speed]
Eric: large, big
Marzena: duży [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: duży [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Marzena: pytać [natural native speed]
Eric: to ask
Marzena: pytać [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: pytać [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Marzena: droga [natural native speed]
Eric: road
Marzena: droga [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: droga [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Marzena: Belweder [natural native speed]
Eric: Belvedere
Marzena: Belweder [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: Belweder [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Marzena: prosto [natural native speed]
Eric: straight
Marzena: prosto [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: prosto [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Marzena: za [natural native speed]
Eric: behind
Marzena: za [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: za [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Marzena: Biały Dom [natural native speed]
Eric: White House
Marzena: Biały Dom [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: Biały Dom [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Marzena: skręcić [natural native speed]
Eric: to turn
Marzena: skręcić [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: skręcić [natural native speed]
Eric: And last..
Marzena: wszystko [natural native speed]
Eric: everything
Marzena: wszystko [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: wszystko [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Eric: Let's have a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is..
Marzena: skręcać w prawo
Eric: which means “to turn right.”
Marzena: skręcać w prawo is made up of three words- the verb skręcać, which means “to turn,” the preposition w, “in,” and the adverb prawo, which means “right.” skręcać w prawo, meaning “to turn right.”
Eric: Marzena, how would you say “to turn left” in Polish?
Marzena: That’s simple. Just replace prawo, “right” with lewo, meaning “left,”
Eric: So, altogether we will have…
Marzena: skręcać w lewo,
Eric: “to turn left.” Of course that's just the dictionary form. When you're giving directions, you should change to the perfective form which is...
Marzena: Proszę skręcić w prawo, or Proszę skręcić w lewo
Eric: which means “Please turn right” and “Please turn left” respectively. Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Marzena: Sure. For example, you can say.. Proszę skręcić w prawo na tych światłach.
Eric: ..which means “Please turn right at this traffic light.” Okay, what's the next phrase?
Marzena: pytać o drogę
Eric: which means “to ask for directions.”
Marzena: The word pytać means “to ask,” the preposition o means “about,” and drogę is the accusative form of the noun droga, which means “way” or “road.” pytać o drogę.
Eric: In the Polish language there's a grammatical aspect to verbs - perfective and imperfective.
Marzena: Right. In the dialogue there was the form spytać, which is the imperfective form of the verb pytać.
Eric: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Marzena: Sure. For example, you can say.. Zgubuliśmy się. Spytajmy kogoś o drogę.
Eric: .. which means “We're lost. Let’s ask someone for directions.” Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Eric: In this lesson you'll learn how to give or how to understand given directions.
Marzena: When Poles give directions, they always use the word Proszę, which means “please,” and then they say the directions.
Eric: And our first direction is…
Marzena: Proszę iść prosto
Eric: which means “Go straight, please.” Marzena, let's break down this phrase to see the meaning of each word.
Marzena: Sure. Proszę means “please,” the verb iść means “to go on foot,” and the adverb prosto means “straight.” Once more, Proszę iść prosto means “Go straight, please.”
Eric: Another useful direction is “Please turn right.”
Marzena: In Polish it will be Proszę skręcić w prawo. We start our phrase with Proszę, “please.” Then we add the verb skręcić meaning “to turn,” and the phrase w prawo which means “to the right.” Proszę skręcić w prawo.
Eric: Means “Please turn right.” If you want to say “please turn left”...
Marzena: You can just replace w prawo, which means “to the right,” with w lewo, “to the left.”
Eric: So, altogether it will be…
Marzena: Proszę skręcić w lewo.
Eric: Marzena, can we say “Turn right at the traffic light” by using this pattern?
Marzena: Sure. First say Proszę skręcić w prawo, which means “Please turn right,” and then add na światłach, which means “at the traffic light.” Na is similar to the English “at” and światłach is simply “traffic light.”
Eric: So, altogether, it will be…
Marzena: Proszę skręcić w prawo na światłach.
Eric: “Please turn right at the traffic light." And what about “Please turn right after the White House” in Polish?
Marzena: In this case you can just add the phrase za Białym Domem before skręcić w prawo. Za means “behind” or “after” in context of directions, and Białym Domem means “White House” in the instrumental case. Altogether Za Białym Domem skręcić w prawo.
Eric: “Turn right after the White House.” What if we want to tell someone to turn before some building?
Marzena: Then we will use the preposition przed. For example..przed Białym Domem skręcić w prawo.
Eric: “Turn right before the White House.” Great! The next expression is “It’s on the right,” which in Polish is…
Marzena: Jest po prawej stronie.
Eric: Marzena, let's break down this phrase to see the meaning of each word.
Marzena: Sure. Jest means “is” and the phrase po prawej means “on the right.” Finally, we have stronie - "side." Altogether, Jest po prawej stronie.
Eric: “It's on the right,” or “It's on the right side.” And what would be “It's on the left”?
Marzena: Jest po lewej stronie. The only difference is the word lewej, meaning “left,” instead of prawej, meaning “right.”
Eric: So to recap, we have…
Marzena: Jest po prawej stronie and Jest po lewej stronie.
Eric: “It's on the right” and “It's on the left” respectively.

Outro

Eric: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Marzena: Do usłyszenia.

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