Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, and welcome back to PolishPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner Season 1 Lesson 18 - This Polish Apartment is Fancy! Eric here.
Marzena: Cześć. I'm Marzena.
Eric: In this lesson you’ll learn how to describe your apartment in Polish. The conversation takes place at Tomek's apartment.
Marzena: It's between Ann and Tomek.
Eric: The speakers are friends, so they'll use informal Polish. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
: (Tomek zaprasza Ann do domu)
Ann: O! Jakie duże mieszkanie! Bardzo ładne.
Tomek: Dziękuję. Tu jest kuchnia i jadalnia. A tam jest mój pokój. Obok jest łazienka.
Ann: A balkon?
Tomek: Tak, nawet dwa.
Ann: Masz dwa balkony?!
Eric: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
: (Tomek zaprasza Ann do domu)
Ann: O! Jakie duże mieszkanie! Bardzo ładne.
Tomek: Dziękuję. Tu jest kuchnia i jadalnia. A tam jest mój pokój. Obok jest łazienka.
Ann: A balkon?
Tomek: Tak, nawet dwa.
Ann: Masz dwa balkony?!
Eric: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
: (Tomek invites Ann to his house)
Ann: Oh! What a big apartment! Very nice.
Tomek: Thank you. Here is the kitchen and dining room. And there is my room. Next to it is the bathroom.
Ann: And a balcony?
Tomek: Yes, two even.
Ann: You have two balconies?!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Marzena, what are the standard sizes and designs of Polish apartments?
Marzena: Actually, the size and designs of apartments in Poland vary greatly, but there are some elements that you will be sure to see in most of them.
Eric: What are they?
Marzena: First of all, all apartments have przedpokój, which is a “hall” in English.
Eric: It's a kind of space which we enter from outside as well as the space from which we enter other rooms of the apartment from, right?
Marzena: Yes. You can say that this is a shorter version of a korytarz , “'corridor.” The next feature is that the bathroom is most often a place where the toilet, shower, and/or bath are. You will also find a living room that sometimes is also the parents' bedroom.
Eric: I see. That's why the most popular sofas in Poland are those which can be made into a bed for sleeping!
Marzena: That's right.
Eric: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Eric: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Marzena: jaki [natural native speed]
Eric: what...like, what (describing masculine nouns)
Marzena: jaki [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: jaki [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Marzena: duży [natural native speed]
Eric: large, big
Marzena: duży [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: duży [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Marzena: mieszkanie [natural native speed]
Eric: apartment, flat, accommodation
Marzena: mieszkanie [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: mieszkanie [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Marzena: ładny [natural native speed]
Eric: pretty
Marzena: ładny [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: ładny [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Marzena: kuchnia [natural native speed]
Eric: cuisine, kitchen
Marzena: kuchnia [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: kuchnia [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Marzena: jadalnia [natural native speed]
Eric: dining room
Marzena: jadalnia [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: jadalnia [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Marzena: łazienka [natural native speed]
Eric: bathroom
Marzena: łazienka [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: łazienka [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Marzena: mój [natural native speed]
Eric: my, mine
Marzena: mój [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: mój [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Marzena: pokój [natural native speed]
Eric: room
Marzena: pokój [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: pokój [natural native speed]
Eric: And last..
Marzena: balkon [natural native speed]
Eric: balcony
Marzena: balkon [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: balkon [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Eric: Let's have a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is..
Marzena: mieszkanie
Eric: which means “apartment” or “flat.”
Marzena: mieszkanie is a neuter noun that can also mean “living” since the noun itself has the same root as mieszkać meaning “to live somewhere.”
Eric: There are many kinds of apartments and Poles always use the number of rooms to describe the size or kind, for example…
Marzena: mieszkanie dwupokojowe, which means “two-room apartment,” or mieszkanie trzypokojowe, “three-room apartment.”
Eric: Can you give us an example using this word?
Marzena: Sure. For example, you can say.. Chcę wynająć mieszkanie.
Eric: ..which means “I want to rent an apartment.” Okay, what's the next word?
Marzena: balkon
Eric: which means “balcony.”
Marzena: balkon is a masculine noun. It may refer to the balkon, which we often see in a block of flats, as well as the balkon in the theater. Balkon links with the preposition na which means “on.”
Eric: For example, you can say…
Marzena: Jestem na balkonie
Eric: “I'm on the balcony.”
Marzena: Wyszedłem na balkon, żeby podlać kwiaty
Eric: “I went out to the balcony to water my flowers.”
Marzena: Rower trzymam na balkonie.
Eric: “I keep my bicycle on the balcony.” Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Eric: In this lesson you'll learn how to describe your apartment in Polish. To describe an apartment it’s enough to use the verb “to be,” which in Polish is…
Marzena: być
Eric: In our dialogue we heard Tomek say…
Marzena: Tu jest kuchnia i jadalnia
Eric: which means “Here is the kitchen and dining room.” Marzena, let's break down this sentence to see the meaning of each word.
Marzena: Sure. Tu means “here.” You can also use tutaj, it also means “here.” Jest means “is.” Next we have two kinds of rooms - kuchnia meaning “kitchen” and jadalnia meaning “dining room.” They’re separated with the conjunction i, meaning “and.”
Eric: You can also use the pronoun “there,” which in Polish is...
Marzena: tam. For example, you can say… Tu jest kuchnia, a tam jest jadalnia
Eric: Which means “Here is the kitchen and there is the dining room.”Another option is the one used by Tomek in the dialogue. He said...
Marzena: Tam jest mój pokój. Obok jest łazienka
Eric: which means “There is my room. Next to it is the bathroom.”
Marzena: He used the preposition tam which indicates that they’re not standing next to his room. Another important word used here is obok, meaning “next to.”
Eric: The difference between English and Polish here is that in Polish you don’t need to know what something is located next to if you know the context.
Marzena: Right. Tomek mentioned his room in the sentence earlier, so there’s no need to repeat that and say Obok mojego pokoju jest łazienka.
Eric: which literally means “Next to my room is bathroom.”
Marzena: However, if he hadn’t mentioned his room, he would have needed to state what the bathroom is located next to. Listeners, here is a very important rule. If you want to talk about what is located in a room, you will have to use the locative case forms of every room, together with the preposition.
Eric: Let’s give some examples. What’s the Polish for “in the study”?
Marzena: w gabinecie
Eric: What about “in the hall”?
Marzena: that would be w przedpokoju. As you can hear, in most cases the preposition is w.
Eric: Listeners, in the lesson notes you can find a complete list with more words for rooms in the locative combined with a preposition. Ok, to sum up this lesson let's give some sample sentences.
Marzena: Good idea! Tu jest piwnica.
Eric: “Here is the basement.”
Marzena: Tam jest salon i łazienka.
Eric: “There’s the living room and bathroom.”
Marzena: Tutaj jest ubikacja.
Eric: “Here is the toilet.”
Marzena: W korytarzu jest szafa.
Eric: “In the hall there's a wardrobe.”

Outro

Eric: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Marzena: Do usłyszenia.

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