Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
John: Hi everyone, and welcome back to PolishPod101.com. This is Intermediate Season 1 Lesson 20 - Visiting a Friend in Poland. John here.
Marzena: Cześć. I'm Marzena.
John: In this lesson, you’ll learn about verbs of movement. The conversation takes place at home.
Marzena: It's between Mark and Ann.
John: The speakers are friends; therefore, they’ll speak informal Polish. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Marek: Witaj Aniu, jak to miło, że postanowiłaś nas odwiedzić!
Ania: Dziękuję bardzo za zaproszenie.
Marek: I jak minęła podróż. Czym przyjechałaś?
Ania: Właściwie to przyleciałam samolotem, było taniej niż przyjechać pociągiem.
Marek: A jak dostałaś się tutaj z lotniska? Nie mów, że przyszłaś na piechotę!
Ania: Nie, nie... Wzięłam taksówkę.
Marek: To dobrze, no nie stój tak w progu! Wejdź proszę, bo zmarzniesz! Już zima nadchodzi.
Ania: Dziękuję, gdzie mogę położyć płaszcz?
Marek: Ja się tym zajmę, a ty czuj się jak u siebie w domu.
John: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Mark: Hi Ann, how nice (of you) that you decided to visit us.
Ann: Thank you for your invitation.
Mark: How was your trip? How did you get here?
Ann: Actually, I came by plane; it was cheaper than coming by train.
Mark: And how did you come here from the airport? Don't tell me that you came on foot!
Ann: Oh no, I took a taxi.
Mark: That's good. Do not stand like that in the doorway! Come in or you will freeze. The winter is coming.
Ann: Thank you, where can I put my coat?
Mark: I will do it and you make yourself at home.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
John: It was nice of Mark to invite Ann to his home.
Marzena: Yes, it was. I’m sure he’s happy that Ann was able to accept his invitation.
John: He was very hospitable when Ann arrived at his house.
Marzena: Poles are very well-known for their hospitality.
John: Is that so?
Marzena: Yes, there’s a well-known saying that a guest in a house means that God will come to that house.
John: That’s a nice saying! What can our listeners expect if they get invited to a Polish household?
Marzena: Well, you can expect plenty of food, drink, and the best tableware.
John: Poles really know how to treat a guest, it seems.
Marzena: Yes. People also set an extra place at Christmas dinner, in case someone hungry drops by unexpectedly.
John: How do we say “Poles are famous for their hospitality.”
Marzena: Polacy są słynni ze swojej gościnności.
John: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
John: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is...
Marzena: odwiedzić [natural native speed]
John: to visit
Marzena: odwiedzić [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: odwiedzić [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: postanowić [natural native speed]
John: to decide
Marzena: postanowić [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: postanowić [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: zaproszenie [natural native speed]
John: invitation
Marzena: zaproszenie [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: zaproszenie [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: minąć [natural native speed]
John: to pass
Marzena: minąć [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: minąć [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: podróż [natural native speed]
John: journey
Marzena: podróż [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: podróż [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: wziąć [natural native speed]
John: to take
Marzena: wziąć [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: wziąć [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: stać [natural native speed]
John: to stand
Marzena: stać [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: stać [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: próg [natural native speed]
John: doorstep, doorway
Marzena: próg [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: próg [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Marzena: płaszcz [natural native speed]
John: coat
Marzena: płaszcz [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: płaszcz [natural native speed]
John: And last...
Marzena: czuć się [natural native speed]
John: to feel
Marzena: czuć się [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marzena: czuć się [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
John: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first sentence is...
Marzena: Nie stój tak w progu!
John: meaning "Don't stand like that in the doorway!" Can you break this sentence down for us?
Marzena: First is the imperative form of verb stać in negative form.
John: This verb means “to stand.”
Marzena: Tak means “in such a way," and the final word is the noun próg.
John: This means “a step” or “doorway.”
Marzena: This is an informal phrase you can use to invite friends or family into your home.
John: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Marzena: Sure. For example, you can say, No już, nie stój tak w progu!
John: ...which means "Okay, don't stand like that in the doorway!"
John: Okay, what's the next phrase?
Marzena: Czuj się jak u siebie w domu.
John: meaning "Make yourself at home." This is another long expression, so again can you break it down for us?
Marzena: First is the imperative form of the verb czuć się.
John: This means “to feel.”
Marzena: Next is the comparative phrase jak u siebie w domu.
John: This means “like in one’s own house.”
Marzena: You can use this phrase to welcome people into your home.
John: Can you give us an example using this expression?
Marzena: Sure. For example, you can say, Nie krępuj się. Czuj się jak u siebie w domu.
John: ...which means "Don't be shy. Make yourself at home."
John: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

John: In this lesson, you'll learn about verbs of movements.
John: What can you tell us about these verbs?
Marzena: Polish verbs of movement have the same stem: the verb chodzić. The only difference is the prefix.
John: The lesson notes have more verbs than we have time to go through in this lesson, but let’s look at a few of them. Marzena, will you give us the imperfective form and then the perfective form?
Marzena: wchodzić, wejść
John: “To go in.”
Marzena: obchodzić, obejść
John: “To get around.”
Marzena: podchodzić, podejść
John: “To approach.”
Marzena: dochodzić, dojść
John: “To get on toward.” Next, let’s look at some sample sentences.
Marzena: Podejdź tutaj.
John: “Come here.”
Marzena: Nadchodzi wiosna.
John: “Spring is coming.”
Marzena: Dobrze, tutaj przechodzimy!
John: “Okay, we are crossing here!” Finally, let’s look at the interrogative “what” in more detail.
Marzena: Remember, this is co in Polish. We’re going to look at how the form of co changes depending on the case it is replacing.
John: So if this interrogative is being used in the place of the sentence’s subject, you use the nominative case.
Marzena: Which is co. If it’s used instead of the instrument with which we do something, as in “by what," we use the instrumental case czym.
John: Let’s go through some case examples. First, the genitive case.
Marzena: Czego tutaj szukasz?
John: “What are you looking for here?” Now, the dative case.
Marzena: Czemu się tak przyglądasz?
John: “What are you staring at?” Now the locative case.
Marzena: Z czym to się je?
John: “What do you eat that with?” And the accusative case?
Marzena: Co zjadłeś na śniadanie?
John: “What did you eat for breakfast?”

Outro

John: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Marzena: Cześć.

6 Comments

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PolishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Have you ever been invited into a Polish household?

victor
Sunday at 03:41 PM
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Witaj Aniu, jak to miło, że postanowiłaś nas odwiedzić! sound more like Witaj Aniu, jak miło, że postanowiłaś nas odwiedzić!

PolishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 04:30 AM
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Cześć Anirudh,


"Polskie ludzie" sounds very bad. We say "Polacy".


I hope it helps!

Hanna

Team PolishPod101.com

Anirudh
Tuesday at 04:47 PM
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Witam ,


Dziękuję za poprawienia ?

Czy polskie ludzie są bardzo miłe ? (Czy to zdanie jest poprawne ?)?

Pozdrowienia !!

PolishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 11:48 PM
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Witaj Anirudh,


Poprawnie po polsku mówimy:

Mam nadzieję, że tak się stanie / że to się stanie


Cheers & Keep learning Polish! ❤️️

Hanna

Team PolishPod101.com

Anirudh
Thursday at 11:30 PM
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Witam ,

Niestety nie ?

Czy to brzmi dobrze ?

Mam nadzieję, że to będę stać się ? (I hope that it will happen)