Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gabriella: Hello everyone and welcome back to PolishPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner, season 1, lesson 25, The most famous in Warsaw, I’m Gabriella.
Joanna: And I’m Joanna.
Gabriella: In this last lesson of the series, you'll learn more about comparative and superlative adjectives.
Joanna: This conversation takes place at the metro station.
Gabriella: It’s between Gosia and Alex.
Joanna: The speakers are friends, so they will be speaking informal Polish.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gabriella: What shall we talk about this time?
Joanna: Well, in the dialogue Alex and Gosia talked about two famous places in Warsaw, which is the capital city of Poland
Gabriella: Yes, they mentioned some palace, right?
Joanna: It was ‘Pałac Kultury i Nauki’, which isn’t really a palace, but a skyscraper
Gabriella: How tall is it?
Joanna: 237 meters, with 42 floors
Gabriella: As we already know, it’s not the tallest building in Poland.
Joanna: No, it isn’t. But it’s quite special, because it was built in 1952 by the Soviet Union. And so many people, especially the older generations, have negative feelings about it
Gabriella: What about young people?
Joanna: Of course it depends on the person, but generally speaking we don’t mind, since for us, it’s always been there and it’s somewhat a symbol of Warsaw
Gabriella: Interesting.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gabriella: Let's take a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Joanna, what’s the first word?
Joanna: ‘warszawski’
Gabriella: English translation can a little bit tricky here, but we could say it means “Warsaw’s”
Joanna: Yes. In Polish, we often make an adjective that derives from the name of the city. Just like in this case. The capital city of Poland is ‘Warszawa’, so something that is in ‘Warszawa’ can be described as ‘warszawski’
Gabriella: Can you give us an example?
Joanna: In the dialogue we heard the phrase ‘warszawskie metro’, right?
Gabriella: Yes, and it means “Warsaw’s metro”. To describe that metro, we used the adjective that derives from the name of the city, where the metro is located. Can we do that with the names of other Polish cities?
Joanna: Of course. Let me tell you a few examples. Another famous city in Poland is - ‘Kraków’
Gabriella: Cracow. So if we talk about something that is located in or characteristic for that city we can use the adjective...
Joanna: ‘krakowski’. For example - ‘krakowski zamek’
Gabriella: “Cracow’s castle”. For more examples and all gender forms, please refer to the lesson notes. Okay, what’s the next word?
Joanna: ‘pałac’
Gabriella: “palace”. In Poland there are many palaces, which are usually very beautiful examples of Polish architecture.
Joanna: In the case of this noun, we can also create an adjective, which is ‘pałacowy’
Gabriella: How can we use it?
Joanna: When we talk about something that belongs to the palace, is inside or in its grounds. For example, a garden that’s by the palace will be called - ‘ogród pałacowy’
Gabriella: I must admit that this is a little bit difficult, but let’s not lose our motivation, and move on to the grammar!
GRAMMAR POINT
Gabriella: In this final lesson, you’ll learn more about adjectives
Joanna: We will learn the last type of conjugation and the rules for it - actually, it’s quite similar to the English.
Gabriella: How is it similar?
Joanna: We will be making comparatives and superlatives by adding words like ‘bardziej’
Gabriella: meaning “more”
Joanna: and ‘najbardziej’
Gabriella: meaning “most”
Joanna: In the lesson notes, you will find a table demonstrating the comparatives and superlatives of this type of word. For now, we will focus on some that were used in the dialogue.
Gabriella: Good idea!
Joanna: Alex asked Gosia - Czy to miejsce jest bardziej znane niż Łazienki Królewskie?
Gabriella: “Is this place more famous than Łazienki Park?”
Joanna: The components of this question are - ‘czy’, a word that has no meaning, but is very similar to the English “do”. Then there was ‘to miejsce’
Gabriella: meaning “this place”
Joanna: followed by ‘jest’, the third person singular form of the verb ‘być’
Gabriella: meaning “is”
Joanna: then ‘bardziej znane’
Gabriella: meaning ”more famous”
Joanna: and then the noun ‘miejsce’
Gabriella: meaning “place”
Joanna: and the rest of the sentence ‘niż Łazienki Królewskie‘
Gabriella: “than Łazienki Park”
Joanna: As you can see, there was a comparative form of the adjective here - ‘bardziej znany’
Gabriella: meaning “more famous”
Joanna: the adjective ‘znany’ is one of those that is graded by ‘bardziej’ and ‘najbardziej’
Gabriella: Can we hear all three forms then?
Joanna: Of course. It goes like this - ‘znany - bardziej znany - najbardziej znany’
Gabriella: “famous - more famous - the most famous”
Joanna: As you can see, there are no modifications when it comes to the adjective itself, we just need to add ‘bardziej’ or ‘najbardziej’ depending on the grade
Gabriella: Let’s practice more with some other adjectives
Joanna: Okay.. Let’s try with ‘interesujący’
Gabriella: meaning ‘interesting’
Joanna: Now everyone, please repeat the basic form after me - ‘interesujący’ (pause).. and now the comparative form - ‘bardziej interesujący’ .. (pause) and finally, the superlative form - ‘najbardziej interesujący’
Gabriella: let’s hear them once more together
Joanna: ‘interesujący - bardziej interesujący - najbardziej interesujący’
Gabriella: “interesting - more interesting - most interesting”
Joanna: There are also some adjectives that cannot be graded, especially those which describe a material, or a place of origin of something
Gabriella: You will find a table with those in the notes for this lesson. Well listeners, that’s all for this lesson, and for this series! We hope you’ve enjoyed it and found it useful. Remember, you can always leave a post on any of the lesson pages if you have comments or questions.

Outro

Joanna: We’re happy to help. For now, thank you for listening everyone!
Gabriella: And we’ll see you in another series. Bye!
Joanna: Pa pa!

6 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

PolishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hello Listeners! Do you know the masculine and feminine forms of the adjective: słone?

PolishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 10:41 AM
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Hello Isobel,


Thank you for your question. Regarding the Polish keyboard:

Choose Polish Programmers keyboard--> For Windows and Mac:

Press right alt + a = ą

Press right alt + s = ś

Press right alt + z = ż

Press right alt + x = ź

Press right alt + c = ć

Press right alt + o = ó

Press right alt + n = ń

Press right alt + e = ę

Press right alt + l = ł


We hope it helps.

Thank you for studying with us!


Cheers,

Lena

Team PolishPod101.com

PolishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:03 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Isobel,


Thank you for posting.

You can mark any lesson as Favorite. Just click the heart icon.


Also, I forwarded your suggestion about "how to type in Polish" to our language team. Thank you!


Kind regards,

Hanna

Team PolishPod101.com

Isobel Kerr
Tuesday at 10:51 PM
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Is there a way of flagging up problem lessons to be able to return to them quickly?


and,


I have forgotten how to use my standard English keyboard to type Polish spelling correctly for the practice lessons. Please could you tell me again. Why don't you include this in Lesson One for beginners?


I really do like and appreciate all the improvements made in the last year. even less chance of housework............

PolishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 11:19 AM
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Hi Peter,


Thank you for posting!

You will probably like the Learn Polish in Three Minutes series. Check it out!:sunglasses:


Ofelia

Team PolishPod101.com

Peter
Wednesday at 11:24 AM
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hey iam peter from egypt and i have poland so much this ,y first dream to migrate ... and i wanna to learn polish in videos and with teachers pleas answer on my comment ok thank you :)