Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gabriella: Hello everyone and welcome back to PolishPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner, season 1, lesson 16, Hunting for Discounts in Poland. I’m Gabriella.
Joanna: And I’m Joanna.
Gabriella: In this lesson, you'll learn vocabulary and phrases you’ll need to go shopping in Poland.
Joanna: This conversation takes place in the supermarket.
Gabriella: It’s between Gosia and Alex.
Joanna: The speakers are friends, so they will be using informal Polish.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gabriella: Is there anything special about grocery shopping in Poland?
Joanna: Hmm, well, all fruits and vegetables are sold per kilogram
Gabriella: Are any other products sold that way?
Joanna: Yes, also fresh meat, fish, cheese and cured meat. There are always separate sections for all of those, where the staff will cut, weigh and pack it for you
Gabriella: Okay, let’s go back to vegetables and fruits. How do we find out how much we have to pay for them?
Joanna: There are two options - one is that you weigh them by yourself - in those supermarkets there will be a scale somewhere close by. Then you press a button that shows the vegetable you’re buying, and a sticker with a calculated price and bar code will be printed out.
Gabriella: What’s another option?
Joanna: If you can’t find a scale, it means that your groceries will be weighed by the cashier.
Gabriella: Okay, this is all very good to know for you listeners travelling to Poland!
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gabriella: Let's take a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Joanna, what’s the first word?
Joanna: ‘promocja’
Gabriella: “discount” or “promotion”
Joanna: If the regular price of something changes and it becomes attractive, then we can say it’s ‘promocja’
Gabriella: The same way as we use “discount” in English
Joanna: Exactly
Gabriella: So we can see that word all over the supermarkets and department stores during sales periods?
Joanna: Yes, but the word ‘sale’ is also very popular, especially when it comes to department stores
Gabriella: Anything else you want to share with us about the word ‘promocja’?
Joanna: Maybe one more thing. In Poland, chain supermarkets release so-called - ‘gazetka promocyjna’. ‘gazetka’ stands for a kind of newsletter and ‘promocyjna’ is an adjective that derives from the noun ‘promocja’
Gabriella: So this newsletter has all the information about the discounts?
Joanna: Exactly.
Gabriella: Okay, what’s the next word?
Joanna: ‘pół’
Gabriella: “half”
Joanna: In the dialogue it was used in the phrase ‘za pół ceny’
Gabriella: Can you remind us what that means?
Joanna: Of course. ‘za pół ceny’ means “for half price”
Gabriella: Do we also use it when we talk about time?
Joanna: Yes, for example when we say - ‘half an hour”, it’s ‘pół godziny’ in Polish
Gabriella: what about a phrase - “in half an hour”?
Joanna: That’s ‘za pół godziny’
Gabriella: Let’s practice the pronunciation together. Listeners, please repeat after Joanna.
Joanna: ‘pół’
Gabriella: (pause) “half”
Joanna: ‘za pół ceny’
Gabriella: (pause) “for half price”
Joanna: ‘za pół godziny’
Gabriella: (pause) “in half an hour”
Joanna: Great job, everyone!
Gabriella: Okay, now onto the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Gabriella: In this lesson, you’ll learn some vocabulary and phrases necessary to go shopping in Poland
Joanna: But first, we need to learn a new verb! Here’s a clue... We heard Gosia using it in the dialogue, and it was ‘musieć’
Gabriella: It means “must” or “have to”
Joanna: Let’s go through the conjugation of this verb together.
Gabriella: Okay, that’s a good idea! As always, please repeat after Joanna
Joanna: ‘muszę’
Gabriella: (pause) “I must”
Joanna: ‘musisz’
Gabriella: (pause) “you must”
Joanna: ‘musi’
Gabriella: (pause) “he, she, it must”
Joanna: ‘musimy’
Gabriella: (pause) “we must”
Joanna: ‘musicie’
Gabriella: (pause) “you must”
Joanna: ‘muszą’
Gabriella: (pause) “they must”
Joanna: This verb is very useful when you’re talking about your shopping list. We Poles often say - muszę kupić..
Gabriella: meaning “I must buy..”
Joanna: ...and then list the products we need
Gabriella: For example?
Joanna: Let’s take a sentence from the dialogue.
Gabriella: Gosia said - “I must buy potatoes, apples and bananas”
Joanna: In Polish - ‘muszę kupić ziemniaki, jabłka i banany’
Gabriella: Let’s break it down.
Joanna: We start off with the verb ‘musieć’ in the first person singular form, which is ‘muszę’, then we have the infinitive verb ‘kupić’
Gabriella: meaning “to buy”
Joanna: and then names of products we want - ‘ziemniaki’
Gabriella: “potatoes”
Joanna: ‘jabłka’
Gabriella: “apples”
Joanna: ‘banany’
Gabriella: “bananas”
Joanna: The last two products are separated by the conjunction ‘i’
Gabriella: which means and has the same usage as “and” in English
Joanna: Here’s something very important to remember. If you use the verb ‘musieć’, please remember that if it’s followed by a verb, the verb has to be in its infinitive form
Gabriella: That’s a very good tip.
Joanna: Let’s practice making sentences a bit more with ‘musieć’
Gabriella: Okay! Let’s say I need milk and cheese.
Joanna: Milk is ‘mleko’ and cheese is ‘ser’. Listeners, try to make the sentence “I must buy milk and cheese” by yourself…[pause]
Gabriella: Everyone ready? Joanna, what’s the correct answer?
Joanna: ‘Muszę kupić mleko i ser’
Gabriella: “I must buy milk and cheese”
Joanna: Let’s make one more - this time with ‘chleb’
Gabriella: meaning “bread”
Joanna: and ‘masło’
Gabriella: meaning “butter”
Joanna: You’ve got a few seconds… (pause) Done? Okay! here it goes - ‘muszę kupić chleb i masło’
Gabriella: “I must buy bread and butter”
Joanna: Great job everyone! In the lesson notes, you’ll find tables with food vocabulary and one more way of talking about your shopping list.
Gabriella: So be sure to check it out.

Outro

Gabriella: Okay, that’s it for this lesson. Thank you for listening everyone.
Joanna: Papa.

9 Comments

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PolishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hello Listeners, do you usually look for discounts in the supermarket?

PolishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 10:20 PM
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Witaj Roxanne,


To dobrze! Na przecenach w supermarkecie można trochę zaoszczędzić 😎


Please leave us a comment if you have any questions.


Best,

Hanna

Team PolishPod101.com

Roxanne
Sunday at 01:42 PM
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Tak, zazwyczaj szukam przeceny w supermarkecie.

PolishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 05:29 PM
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Cześć Larry,


It looks like you have just found a mistake in our Lesson Notes. Many Polish people make this mistake and use Accusative case instead of Genitive with potrzebować. The correct form is potrzebować + Genitive.

The same goes for szukać and używać.


Should you have any questions, please let us know.


Sincerely,

Hanna

Team PolishPod101.com

Larry
Saturday at 12:45 PM
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Cześć. Mam pytanie. The Lesson Notes give the sentence “Potrzebuję ziemniaki, jabłka i banany.” It appears the nouns here are in the accusative case. But I was told that using potrzebować without another verb requires object nouns be in the genitive case and using potrzebuję with, say, kupić requires object nouns be in the accusative case. Is what I was told correct? I always find that your answers help me better understand what is correct Polish.

PolishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 09:56 PM
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Hi Rafał,


Mmmm, sounds like very tasty discount! Podoba mi się ta zniżka :)


Pozdrawiam słodko,

Hanna

Team PolishPod101.com

Rafał
Tuesday at 09:56 PM
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No tak, poł ceny na musach czekoladowych ! ?

PolishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 07:42 PM
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Hi Rafal,


Thank you for your comment!


Have you recently found any discount that really surprised you? :) What was it?

(Czy znalazłeś ostatnio zniżkę, która naprawdę Cię zaskoczyła? Co to było?)


Pozdrawiamy!

Hanna

Team PolishPod101.com

Rafał
Tuesday at 01:25 PM
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Do I look for the discounts in the supermarket ? Oczywiście ! : )