Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
Eric: Welcome to 3-Minute Polish Season 1, Lesson 9 - Using Adjectives. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use adjectives in simple sentences in Polish.
Body
Eric: Here's the way to say 'I am happy’ if you are a man in Polish.
Marzena: [Normal] Jestem szczęśliwy.
Eric: First is a word meaning 'I am'
Marzena: [Normal] jestem [Slow] jestem
Eric: Last is the word meaning 'happy'
Marzena: [Normal] szczęśliwy [Slow] szczęśliwy
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'I am happy’ if you are a man.
Marzena: [Slow] Jestem szczęśliwy. [Normal] Jestem szczęśliwy.
Eric: Ok, now let's take a look at the way to say 'I am tired.’ if you are a woman.
Marzena: [Normal] Jestem zmęczona.
Eric: First is a word meaning 'I am'
Marzena: [Normal] jestem [Slow] jestem
Eric: Last is the word meaning 'tired'
Marzena: [Normal] zmęczona [Slow] zmęczona
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'I am tired.’ if you are a woman.
Marzena: [Slow] Jestem zmęczona. [Normal] Jestem zmęczona.
Eric: Next up is the way to say 'We are sad.'
Marzena: [Normal] Jesteśmy smutni.
Eric: First is a word meaning 'we are'
Marzena: [Normal] jesteśmy [Slow] jesteśmy
Eric: Last is the word meaning 'sad'
Marzena: [Normal] smutni [Slow] smutni
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'We are sad.'
Marzena: [Slow] Jesteśmy smutni. [Normal] Jesteśmy smutni.
Eric: Finally, here is an informal way to say 'You are late’ when said to a group of women only.
Marzena: [Normal] Jesteście spóźnione.
Eric: First is a word meaning 'you are'
Marzena: [Normal] jesteście [Slow] jesteście
Eric: Last is the word meaning 'late'
Marzena: [Normal] spóźnieni [Slow] spóźnieni
Eric: Listen again to the informal phrase meaning 'You are late’ when said to a group of women only.
Marzena: [Slow] Jesteście spóźnione. [Normal] Jesteście spóźnione.
Cultural Insight
Eric: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Marzena: If you want to intensify the adjective, you can use bardzo, "very." For example, you can say bardzo zmęczony, "very tired" - if you are a man, or bardzo ładna, "very beautiful"—about a woman. Note that the category of adjectives in Polish doesn't have to overlap with other languages. For example, nationalities in Polish are nouns.

Outro

Eric: And that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check out the lesson notes, and we’ll see you in the next lesson!

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Hi Listeners! Let's practice these adjectives in the comments!