Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
Eric: Welcome to 3-Minute Polish Season 1, Lesson 18 - Possession. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about possession in Polish.
Body
Eric: Here's the informal way to say 'Do you have a pen?' in Polish.
Marzena: [Normal] Masz długopis?
Eric: First is a word meaning 'you have'
Marzena: [Normal] masz [Slow] masz
Eric: Last is the word meaning 'pen'
Marzena: [Normal] długopis [Slow] długopis
Eric: Listen again to the informal phrase meaning 'Do you have a pen?'
Marzena: [Slow] Masz długopis? [Normal] Masz długopis?
Eric: Ok, now let's see the formal way to say 'Do you have a pen?’ to a man.
Marzena: [Normal] Czy ma pan długopis?
Eric: First is a word meaning 'whether'
Marzena: [Normal] czy [Slow] czy
Eric: Next is the word meaning 'he has'
Marzena: [Normal] ma [Slow] ma
Eric: Next is the word meaning 'sir, you'
Marzena: [Normal] pan [Slow] pan
Eric: Last is the word meaning 'pen'
Marzena: [Normal] długopis [Slow] długopis
Eric: Listen again to the formal phrase meaning 'Do you have a pen?’ when said to a man.
Marzena: [Slow] Czy ma pan długopis? [Normal] Czy ma pan długopis?
Eric: Next up is the way to say 'Yes, I have.'
Marzena: [Normal] Tak, mam.
Eric: First is a word meaning 'yes'
Marzena: [Normal] tak [Slow] tak
Eric: Last is the word meaning 'I have'
Marzena: [Normal] mam [Slow] mam
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'Yes, I have.'
Marzena: [Slow] Tak, mam. [Normal] Tak, mam.
Eric: Finally, here is a way to say 'Yes, here you are.'
Marzena: [Normal] Tak, proszę.
Eric: First is a word meaning 'yes'
Marzena: [Normal] tak [Slow] tak
Eric: Last is the word meaning 'please/here you are'
Marzena: [Normal] proszę [Slow] proszę
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'Yes, here you are.'
Marzena: [Slow] Tak, proszę. [Normal] Tak, proszę.
Cultural Insight
Eric: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Marzena: There are plenty of possessive pronouns in Polish. The form of the pronoun changes with the gender of the noun that follows. So you will use mój, meaning "my" for a masculine noun like długopis, which means "pen", but you would use moja, meaning "my" for feminine nouns, like książka, which means "book."

Outro

Eric: And that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check out the lesson notes, and we’ll see you in the next lesson!

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Monday at 06:30 PM
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How would you say 'Do you have a book?'